What is the diabetes? Type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Filed in: Diseases.

Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia). It occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body can not effectively use the insulin produced.

Children diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes and are insulin dependent. They have to administer or receive insulin injections using an insulin pump. People with type 1 diabetes produce very little or no insulin and require insulin injections to survive. This is the most common type of diabetes in children and youth.

What is insulin? Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps cells to extract glucose from the blood and transform the production of energy. Therefore, the disease is triggered when the body has enough insulin or when it can not use the insulin it produces to convert glucose into energy. Insulin is the only hormone that balances blood sugar levels and causes glucose to be transferred to cells and used as a source of energy for the body.

Type 2 diabetes (also known as diabetes in adulthood) is the most common form of diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes can not use their own insulin effectively. They can often improve their status just because of changes in lifestyle. But in many cases an oral medication prescribed by a doctor is required. Only the doctor decides if he needs insulin.

Almost 50% of people with type 2 diabetes are unaware of their health status because the disease has not yet manifested.

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What are the symptoms of diabetes?

– Excessive / chronic thirst.
– Dry mouth
– Frequent urination
– Hungry
– Unexplained weight loss.
– Blurry vision

This variety of symptoms is due to high levels of glucose in the blood.

Diabetes predisposes to the development of a generalized microangiopathy with clinical consequences affecting the kidneys, eyes and nerves. Nephropathy is the dominant cause of renal complications and is responsible for more than 40% of cases of terminal renal complications. Almost all patients develop retinopathy, and 40-50% progressive proliferative retinopathy when diabetes has reached during the 25 years since the discovery of the disease. Diabetic retinopathy is the main cause of decreased vision in patients under 60 years of age. In addition, the burden of morbidity and mortality increases with patients suffering from microvascular diseases.

In recent decades, new techniques to control diabetes have been introduced. The most important are the self-monitoring of blood glucose and the long-term monitoring of glycemic control through frequent measurements.

What is the diabetes? Type 1 and type 2 diabetes, source of the article: https://www.brighthealing.com/what-is-diabetes-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes/

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