There is more of 100 strains of human papilloma virus that can cause sexually transmitted diseases (STD) The STD corresponds to diseases that can pass from one individual to another during sexual intercourse or even by direct contact with the genital mucous membranes. These viruses can spread through genital or skin-to-skin contact from one person to another, and approximately 50% of the population with an active sex life should have an HPV infection at some time in their life. It is, therefore, can not be considered as a new type of virus. In fact, HPV or human papilloma virus is one of the most common forms of sexually transmitted diseases. It affects both men and women. HPV often does not produce signs or symptoms and disappears without causing health problems..
Interestingly, about 80% of women All over the world they suffer from HPV infection at some time in their life. However, women are not very aware of the adverse effects of these viruses, particularly in developing and underdeveloped countries. While some HPV species only produce harmless genital warts in women, others can cause serious diseases such as cervical cancer and other types of cancer in women. HPV is the only reason behind cervical cancer in women (one) and can cause cancer of the vulva, anus and vagina. Surprisingly, it can also cause throat cancer in both women and men (two). It is important to recognize HPV infection as soon as possible to begin effective management and treatment. While some HPV symptoms can be easily identified, some may require additional testing and a professional medical examination.
Any woman can have HPV If at least once you have experienced genital contact with another person in your life. It can be transmitted both from men to women and vice versa. You can acquire it without knowing it since there is a typical sign or symptoms of the infection at the beginning. It often takes years for the manifestation of the disease to emerge. Therefore, the HPV infection that a woman may be suffering from may be due to a sexual relationship she had had years ago.
Women who take the following activities are at higher risk of contracting HPV:
Have a sexual partner who in turn has more than one partner. Have more than one or several sexual partners. Start sexual life at an early age.
Some common symptoms of HPV are:
The immune system of your body takes care of HPV in most cases and shows no signs, and the virus disappears on its own. But when the immune system does not prevent HPV infection, warts are created. The appearance of warts will depend, of course, on the type of HPV involved in the infection.
Warts in the genital area.
These warts have a small bulge in the shape of a stem or small bumps in the shape of a cauliflower or a flat appearance like an injury. In most cases, these warts appear on the vulva in women. However, in some cases, they may appear in the vagina or cervix or near the anus (3). These warts almost do not cause any kind of pain or discomfort. Sometimes they can cause itching.
Flat, slightly raised warts with flat lesions on top. It appears darker than its original skin tone and can appear anywhere on your body. But for women, they usually appear on the legs.
These warts are hard, granular growths that appear on the heels and on the balls of the feet. As a result, they generally cause discomfort when walking.
Common warts in other areas
Warts can appear on other parts of your body like common warts. The appearance of these warts is more common in elbows, fingers and hands. Rough, raised protrusions arise without discomfort except for the unsightly appearance. Sometimes they are painful and susceptible to bleeding after an injury.
Methods to recognize HPV in women
For women, the following techniques can be used to identify the possible HPV infection:
HPV with low risk
The appearance of warts transmits the Symptom of HPV with low risk.. Normally, genital warts are the most obvious form of low risk HPV symptoms. Genital warts, as mentioned, are small and can be raised or flat bumps or lesions or bumps. Genital warts are usually formed in groups and may appear long after the initial infection. Look for genital warts in the area of the vulva and vaginal lips where they commonly form. But they can be present in the cervix, vagina and anus. HPV strains with low risk can form warts around the cervix, but usually do not lead to cancerous growth.
HPV with high risk
The problem is that high-risk HPV infections usually do not have any typical symptoms. The symptoms only manifest when the disease (usually a cancerous growth) has progressed to an advanced stage. Therefore, it is essential that a professional gynecologist perform a pelvic exam at least once a year. A The gynecologist can detect any early signs of high-risk HPV (4) at an early stage. The advanced stage of cervical cancer has the following symptoms:
Upset in the vagina. Irregularity in menstrual cycles. Loss of appetite Odorous vaginal discharge A swollen leg. Pain in the pelvic region, legs or back. Spotting or irregular bleeding after intercourse or between periods. Weight loss and fatigue.
Recognition of other types of cancer
High-risk HPV is also Associated with other types of cancer other than cervical cancer.. Although it is rare, it can also cause cancer of the throat, anal and vulva. It is important to detect these cancers, as well as early detection and treatment. Self-assessment is a good way to recognize cancer in these areas. Use your clean palm to slide the exposed area of your vulva and anus to detect possible lumps or genital warts.
Since there is no definite time frame during which you can develop cervical cancer, it is recommended that women have a Pap test every three years to detect possible cancer cells. In case there are abnormalities in the Pap test, additional tests or more frequent pap smears may be necessary.
Source of article: https://fogut.com/hpv-in-women/
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