It is the brand name of a medicine called moxifloxacin, which belongs to the class of drugs known as fluoroquinolones. It works by binding to topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase, essential bacterial enzymes involved in the translation, replication, repair and recombination of deoxyribonucleic acid.
The medication is produced by Alcon, part of Novartis International. It was originally approved for use in the United States by the United States FDA in 1999.
This fluoroquinolone is commonly prescribed for an eye infection known as conjunctivitis, an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the transparent membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids.
In general, this condition does not affect vision and will disappear in most patients without medical attention, however, bacterial conjunctivitis needs medical treatment with antibiotic ointment or eye drops.
Symptoms of conjunctivitis may include the following:
redness, due to the irritation of the blood vessels in the conjunctiva; swelling, due to rubbing or swelling; a bright eye, when the lacrimal glands become hyperactive; a crusty layer on the eyelashes, especially when waking up after a long sleep; pain, like sand in the eye.
Important note – this fluoroquinolone will not treat an eye infection by fungi or virus because it is used to treat only bacterial conjunctivitis.
This fluoroquinolone comes in the form of eye drops. Apply a drop in the affected eye (s) 3 times a day for 7 days.
Stop using this eye drop too soon may cause a relapse of the infection. Therefore, to obtain optimal results, it is suggested to use this fluoroquinolone exactly as recommended by your medical professional.
To avoid contamination, it is recommended not to let the tip of the dropper touch any surface. If you wear contact lenses, remove them before using this fluoroquinolone and wait at least twenty minutes before using other eye drops that your doctor has prescribed.
Common side effects may include:
burning and stinging of the eye; crying eyes; redness of the eye; blurry vision.
Less common side effects may include:
ocular secretion; sensitivity to light; difficult breathing; eye pain; spots on the cornea; abdominal cramps; nausea; Swelling of the cornea
Pregnancy and lactation
It is not known if this fluoroquinolone passes into breast milk or could harm a nursing baby. Talk to your health care provider before breast-feeding a baby while you are taking this medicine.
It is also not known exactly if this fluoroquinolone will cause harm to the unborn baby. Therefore, do not use this fluoroquinolone without first talking to your healthcare professional if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
It is the generic name of a brand name drug called Cipro and belongs to a group of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones. It works by killing bacteria that cause infections.
The US Food and Drug Administration UU Originally approved this fluoroquinolone in 1987 for Bayer Healthcare.
This prescription medicine is used to treat numerous bacterial infections, such as urinary tract infections, sinusitis, and pneumonia.
The dose of this fluoroquinolone will be different for different patients. Follow the orders of your health care provider or the instructions on the label.
With the exception of children with some serious infections, no one under the age of 18 should take this fluoroquinolone. Also, avoid exposure to sunlight or sunbeds, as this fluoroquinolone can make sunburn easier.
Side effects and precautions of Cipro
Common side effects may include:
abnormal liver function tests; itching headaches or vaginal discharge; stomach ache; Diarrhea; vomit nausea.
Rare side effects may include:
feeling restless or nervous diarrhea that is watery or bloody; sudden dizziness (as if you could faint); severe stomach pain; problems sleeping; fast or strong heartbeat; anxiety; shortness of breath respiratory problems; fluttering in your chest; tremors Confusion; muscular weakness; paranoia; little or no urination; hallucinations; thoughts about hurting yourself; jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); depression; increase in hunger; nightmares feeling anxious or trembling buzzing in your ears; pain behind your eyes
To make sure this fluoroquinolone is safe for you, tell your healthcare provider if you have ever had:
a muscular or nervous disorder, such as myasthenia gravis; arthritis or other joint problems (especially in children); seizures or epilepsy; kidney disease; low levels of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia); a head injury or brain tumor; Heart problems; Long QT syndrome (which affects you or a family member).
Pregnancy and lactation
Doctors know that this fluoroquinolone passes into breast milk, so it is not safe to take it if you are breast-feeding.
However, it is unknown if it is safe to take this medication during pregnancy. Therefore, before taking this fluoroquinolone, women should inform their health care provider if they are pregnant.
You may interact negatively with other medications, especially:
products that contain caffeine; a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; a water pill (diuretic); an anticoagulant, such as – warfarin, Coumadin, Jantoven; a tricyclic antidepressant; coreg (carvedilol); tizanidine (Zanaflex); methotrexate (Trexall); theophylline, such as – Theo-24, Theochron, Elixophyllin, Theolair; metoclopramide (Reglan, Reglan ODT); glyburide (Micronase, Glynase, Glucovance); ropinirole (Requip); Keppra; phenytoin (Cerebyx, extended Phenytoin Sodium, Phenytek); clozapine (Clozaril, Fazaclo ODT); a medicine to control your heart rate or rhythm; Omeprazole (Prilosec); an antipsychotic medication; cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sangcya); sildenafil (Viagra, Revatio); a steroid medication; pentoxifylline (Trental); lidocaine (intravenous infusion of xylocaine); probenecid (probablylan).
Final result: Vigamox vs ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
Note: it will not work for the flu, colds or other viral infections.
Ciprofloxacin (brand name – Cipro) is an antibiotic that fights pathogenic bacteria in the body. It is used to treat different types of bacterial infections.
According to a study conducted in 2005 at the Wilmer Eye Institute, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, USA. UU., Topical moxifloxacin 0.5% and ciprofloxacin 0.3% have a similar efficacy in the treatment of an infection of the cornea in rabbits.
Vigamox vs Ciprofloxacin (Cipro): Which eye drops are the best for you? Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/vigamox-vs-ciprofloxacin-cipro/
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