This is how head and neck cancer is treated.
Head and neck cancer is reportedly the most common cancer among Indian men. The reason for this is not surprising. The Indian obsession with tobacco and tobacco products included. cigarettes, gutkha, masala bread, beedi, etc. It is the leading cause of head and neck cancer in India. There are different types of surgeries, chemotherapy and radiation that are used for the treatment of head and neck cancer. Dr Surender K DabasThe Director of Cancer of the Head, Neck, Sinus and Thoracic of the Fortis Shalimar Bagh Hospital says: "In a surgery, the cancerous tumor and some surrounding healthy tissues are removed, and radiation and chemotherapy are also commonly used." This is what need about the Symptoms, causes, diagnosis and prevention of the head and cancer.
These are the types of surgery for head and neck cancer:
• Laser technology: It is used to treat an early stage tumor, especially those found in the larynx.
• Excision: This is an operation to remove the cancerous tumor and some healthy surrounding tissues, which is known as margin.
• Robotic surgery: This is the latest development in the field of head and neck cancer. It is a minimally invasive technique in the treatment of throat and laryngeal cancer according to Dr. Dabas.
• Lymph node dissection or neck dissection: Dr. Dabas explains that if the cancer has spread, the doctor can remove the lymph nodes in the neck. This can cause stiff shoulders later. This can be done at the same time as a split.
• Reconstructive surgery (plastic): If it is necessary to remove an important tissue (jaw, skin, pharynx or tongue), a plastic or reconstructive surgery is performed to replace the missing tissue and restore the appearance of a person and the function of the affected area.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy X-rays to destroy cancer cells. Dr. Dabas says: "There is a specific number of treatments administered during a given period of time. After surgery, radiation can also help destroy small areas of cancer that can not be removed surgically. " The most common type of radiation therapy is called external beam radiation therapy. One type of external-beam radiation therapy is intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) that directs the radiation beams to the tumor. This helps reduce damage to nearby healthy cells. Proton therapy, another type of external-beam radiation therapy, uses protons instead of X-rays. At this time, proton therapy is not a standard treatment option for most types of head and neck cancers
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells, usually by killing the ability of cancer cells to grow and divide. Chemotherapy is given by an intravenous (IV) tube placed in a vein with a needle or in a pill or capsule that is swallowed (orally). A patient may receive one medication at a time or combinations of different medications administered at the same time. The side effects of chemotherapy vary from person to person and the dose used. Side effects of chemotherapy may include fatigue, risk of infection, nausea and vomiting, hair loss, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. These side effects usually decrease after finishing the treatment.
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Reference: https://www.thehealthsite.com/news/head-and-neck-cancer-treatment-chemotherapy-radiation-here-are-the-most-effective-options-x0718/, by Upneet Pansare