Tracheostomy is a minor surgical procedure in which an opening is created in the front wall of the windpipe and a tube is inserted to establish an airway. A track is formed from the skin to the opening in about 72 hours.
The most common indication for this procedure is in the icu (intensive care unit) when prolonged ventilation is required and a long-term oral tube can damage the voice box. The tracheotomy also helps a faster weaning of the ventilator so that the patient can leave the icu before. thus reducing hospital expenses.
Once the acute problem is resolved, the tube can be removed slowly. However, in patients with severe lung problems and neurological patients who are not alert and obey the instructions, the tracheostomy tube is retained for a longer period to prevent aspiration and chest infections. Caring for these patients in the hospital for a long time is not practical and patients are advised to continue with tracheotomy treatment at home. Once we understand the mechanisms of the tracheotomy, it is easy to administer to patients with tracheotomy in the home. that once the tube is removed, the patient will become normal most of the time, it is the other way around. Once the patient has improved, he is ready to decannulate the tube!
Encouraging the patient to swallow saliva and swallowing therapy helps a lot in rehabilitation.
Read the full article "Tracheostomy Home Care – 1" that Dr.A. Sudha on Practo.com here: https://www.practo.com/healthfeed/tracheostomy-home-care-1-29388/post
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