Top 10 reasons for brittle and deformed nails.

Filed in: Alopecia, Brittle nails, Diseases & Conditions, Sarcoidosis.

This is what your nails could indicate about your health.

Image of the 10 main reasons for brittle and deformed nails.

What your nails say about your healthThe brittle and bitten nails in a woman are a big change for a man. Eight percent of male voters place him at the top of his list of big spins. So, are nails just the tools for seduction, or do they have other purposes as well?

Nails are useful in a variety of ways: scratching, scratching, peeling an orange, lifting a needle, removing a splinter from a finger, removing the plastic sleeve from the bottle, to name a few. But the main function of the nails is to protect the tips of our fingers and toes. And this is not the only reason why we should pay attention to our nails.

Brittle nails are often a normal result of aging. But they could also indicate certain medical conditions. But before continuing with the cause of brittle and deformed nails, it is important to know how our nails are made.

Structure of the nailStructure of the nail

Composed of a resistant protective protein called keratin, the growth of nin the nail matrix that is tucked under the skin behind the nail. The visible part of the nail is called the nail plate that is located on the top of the nail bed that has a network of blood capillaries. The shape of a crescent moon at the base of the nail plate is the lunula. The folds of the nails are thin grooves that hold the nail plate in place. And the flap of tissue present on the base of the nail plate is the cuticle.

What the brittle and deformed nails indicate.

Brittle nails1. Brittle nails

Fragile nails are nails that crack or break easily and are usually thin. The nails become brittle as you age and it is normal. Prolonged use of nail polish or prolonged exposure to moisture, such as washing dishes or swimming, can also cause brittle nails. secondnail syndrome is a medical condition in which the nail plate becomes increasingly fragile or a disease involving the nail matrix. Studies have shown that brittle nails affect about 20 percent of the population and women are affected twice as often as men. Fragile nails could be a major cosmetic problem, and many people who suffer from these abnormalities find it painful, injure daily activities and have a negative impact on occupational skills.

Underlying condition: Hypothyroidism, a condition in which your thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

The first symptoms of hypothyroidism:

Fatigue Weight gain Thinning and brittle nails. Depression Heavy and irregular periods in women.

Yellow nails2. yellow nails

Yellow nails are the hallmarks of a syndrome called yellow nail syndrome: As the name suggests, it is a condition in which the nails show a yellow discoloration. The discoloration occurs because the nails become thick and the new growth slows down.

The patch gradually extends and reaches the base of the nail, which causes it to separate from the skin under the nail. This condition is called onycholysis. Discoloration (yellow color) occurs when the gap between the nail and the skin beneath becomes infected.

Underlying condition: Yellow nail syndrome is actually a rare disorder consisting of three conditions, namely lymphedema, nail discoloration (yellow in this case) and pleural effusion (respiratory problems). Read more about respiratory problems.

Symptoms of lymphedema: it is a condition in which there is swelling of the parts of the body, especially the arms and legs, due to the obstruction in the lymphatic system. This causes retention of fluid in the cells and increased swelling. Lymphedema often occurs when the lymph nodes are removed or damaged as part of cancer treatment. The symptoms are:

Swelling of arms and legs; Usually, an arm or a leg, but inflammations may appear in both arms and / or legs. Hardening and thickening of the affected skin.

Symptoms of pleural effusion: When fluid accumulates between the layers of tissue lining the lungs and the chest cavity, it is called a pleural effusion. Symptoms include:

Shortness of breath, pain in the chest Cough Fever Hiccup Sometimes there are no obvious signs.

Psoriasis nail sting3. Psoriatic nails.:

Psoriasis It is an inflammation of the skin. When psoriasis affects the nails, it is called psoriatic nail disease. This condition is usually evident in people affected by psoriasis, but about 5 percent of patients can show psoriatic nails even without being affected by psoriasis. The severe form of this disease can cause social and functional deficiencies if left untreated. Read more about Psoriasis.

Read more about causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of psorasis.

Underlying condition (obvious): Psoriasis

Symptoms in the nails:

Small holes appear on the surface. This is called a surface sting. The nails can thicken due to a fungal infection. Onycholysis The nail is lifted due to the formation of a substance similar to chalk under the nail. The nail feels tender.

Bluish nails4. Bed of dark or bluish nail:

Stained gray, gray or bluish nail beds are one of the last signs of chronic bronchitis. This disease is part of the group of Lung diseases Called chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Read more about COPD.

Symptoms of chronic bronchitis

Morning cough that produces mucus in the lungs that progressively worsens. Headaches, discharge or nasal congestion. Shortness of breath, wheezing, fatigue As the disease progresses. Stress in the chest Late signs may be the bluish tint on the skin, lips and / or nails.

Coiloniquia5. Koilonychia:

Coilonychia is a term for deformed nails in which the nails have raised ridges, brittle, thin and curved inward, in the form of a spoon. This type of nails indicate. lack of iron anemia. Read about That's why anemia is more than a lack of iron.

Symptoms of anemia: If the anemia is mild, you may not have any symptoms. As the anemia gets worse, it may show symptoms such as:

Headaches, problems concentrating and thinking, tiredness. Blue color to the white part of the eyes, brittle and deformed nails, pale skin color. Short of breath

Nail clubbing6. White nails and nail sticks.:

Healthy nails appear pink but if you have them. Chronic liver disease, your nails will turn whitish and there are nail sticks. The beating is a deformation of the nails where the bed of the nail becomes soft and the nails seem to "float" instead of being firmly attached. The tips of the fingers appear bulky (the finger looks like a stick), so the nails grow downward and look like the round part of the spoon face down.

Symptoms of chronic liver disease.

Stains surrounded by fine blood vessels. Bruising and easy nosebleeds due to a delay in coagulation since the liver can not produce enough coagulation proteins Nails changing to whitish in color and in clubs. Breast enlargement in men.

Other underlying conditions for clubbing: inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), cardiovascular diseaseY AIDS

Chopped fingernails7. nail bite:

It is a deformity of the nails in which they open or dents. depressions They appear on the surface of the nail due to a defective development of the nail plate.

Underlying conditions – Psoriasisalopecia areata, sarcoidosis

Symptoms of alopecia: it is an autoimmune disorder that causes one or more patches of hair loss. This can affect both men and women.

Symptoms of sarcoidosis: Sarcoidosis is the inflammation of the tissues of the body. It can affect any part of the body, but it is commonly observed to affect the lungs and skin (lymph nodes). The symptoms are

Shortness of breath and cough that does not go away. Skin rashes and bumps Weight loss, night sweats, fatigue and fever. Stinging or loosening of the nail

Terry half and half nails8. Half and half of Terry's nails.:

This is a nail condition in which the proximal end of the nail (towards the base) is white and the distal end (toward the tip) is dark in color.

Underlying conditions – kidney disease and liver disease

Symptoms of kidney disease:

Brown band at the junction of the free edge and the padded nail. Swollen eyes, hands and feet. Shortness of breath, fatigue Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, increased thirst. Weightloss Cloudy Urine

Beaus lines9. Beau's lines.:

Beau's lines are deep indentations that extend through the nails (horizontal ridges). These are different from the clefts of the nails, which is the vertical indentation in the nails. Beau's lines are usually caused by diseases that affect the entire body. Beau's lines could also indicate zinc deficiency.

Underlying conditions – Heart attackuncontrolled diabetesmeasles

10. Complete destruction of nails.: Also called onychomycosis, in this case the nails can be completely destroyed. Although the disease can affect all the nails of the toes and fingernails, it most commonly affects the nail of the big toe or the nail of the little finger. This is caused by a traumatism in the finger or inflammation of the nail fold (paronychia).

Read more about causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of lung disease.

Underlying conditions: infection by yeast, mold or lichen, trauma, chemotherapy and vasculitis

Read more about causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of anemia.

You may also be interested in reading:

Do you follow these manicure and pedicure things? Are your ingrown toenails bothering you? Here is help! Tips for healthy nails. 7 reasons for shortness of breath that you probably did not know

For more articles on diseases and conditions and nail care, visit our Nail care Y Section of Diseases and Conditions. Follow us Facebook Y Twitter for all the latest updates! For free daily health tips, sign up for our informational page. And to join the discussions on health topics of your choice, visit our forum.

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Reference:, by Mita Majumdar

Tags: Alopecia, Brittle nails, Sarcoidosis

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