Tinea Versicolor vs Vitiligo – Causes, symptoms, treatment

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Tinea Versicolor vs Vitiligo - Causes, symptoms, treatment

Tinea versicolor, also known as pityriasis versicolor, is a long-lasting fungal infection of the skin. This condition is also known as Peter Elam's disease, especially in South Asia.

It is one of the most frequent skin diseases in subtropical and tropical areas of the world. People who live in tropical areas can have this skin condition throughout the year.

The medical term "versicolor" refers to the fact that this disorder causes some parts of the skin to change color and become darker or lighter than the surrounding skin.

It is not possible to get this skin condition from another individual, but it can cause emotional distress.

Causes

It occurs when a fungus called Malassezia grows rapidly on the surface of the skin and interrupts normal skin pigmentation (produces an acid that prevents the skin cells around and below it from producing melanin), and this results in discolored patches and discolored.

Most people with this skin disorder have good general health. However, this condition is more likely to occur in people who have a suppressed immune system, for example, if they are using a corticosteroid medication (such as prednisone).

Other risk factors for this skin disorder include: oily skin, moisture, heat, excessive sweating, malnutrition, pregnancy (due to hormonal changes), diabetes or other complications.

The symptoms

the main symptom From this disorder are scaly patches or patches on the skin. These patches are lighter, or occasionally darker, than the skin around them. In cigarette lighter skin, may appear light brown or pink in color. They tend to develop slowly and can join to form larger patches over time.

It usually affects the shoulders, back and upper chest; however, it can affect the upper part of the arms, the neck and, sometimes, the face.

The symptoms may reduce or disappear in a colder climate and can return when? The weather becomes hot and humid.

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Treatment

Is generally treated with topical antifungal agents, such as:

sodium thiosulfate solution; propylene glycol solution; ciclopirox cream; Terbinafine gel; selenium sulfide; Topical azole cream

These medications should be widely applied in all affected areas before bedtime (usually between 3 and 14 days, depending on the extent of the rash) during the time you take it. health care recommends the provider.

Body washes and medicated shampoos can be used in times of very hot and humid weather.

Even after successful medical treatment, the color of the skin may remain uneven for a few weeks. In addition, this infection may reappear in hot and humid climates, and some patients may need to take a medication once every 2 weeks to prevent the infection from recurring.

Vitiligo

It is a long-term skin condition in which patches of growing skin lose their color. This loss of pigmentation can occur in large areas that cover more than 50% of the body or in small patches on one side of the body.

This disorder can affect the skin of any part of the body. In addition, it can affect the inside of the mouth and hair (can cause the hair to turn gray). Interestingly, even an eye can lose a part of its color.

It affects 1 to 2 percent of the world population and affects people of both sexes equally, as well as affects all races. Although this skin condition affects all races equally, it is more noticeable in dark-skinned people.

Signs and symptoms are more likely to start when a person is in their 20s. It is not contagious, and it is not deadly. However, it can disrupt life as some patients develop low self-esteem and severe depression.

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Causes

Doctors do not know exactly why this condition occurs, but many believe that it is actually an autoimmune disease, where the body's defenses activate their own cells instead of attacking the invading germs.

Inheritance can also be an important factor, as there is an increase in the incidence of this condition in some families with approximately 1 in 3 patients who have another family member who is also affected.

Some individuals believe that their vitiligo was triggered by emotional trauma, while others reported seeing white patches after a severe burn.

People with this skin condition have an increased risk of developing:

vitamin B12 deficiency (pernicious anemia); Addison's disease, also known as hypocortisolism, a disease that causes a decrease in the function of the adrenal gland; Diabetes type 1; an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism); An underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism).

The symptoms

Signs and symptoms usually include white patches of skin anywhere on the body or a loss of skin color in the form of depigmentation. The areas most frequently affected by this condition include:

underarms the skin around the eyes and mouth; inside the genitals mouth; groin; dolls fingers.

Treatment

Although there is no cure for this skin problem, there are some medical treatments available that can help. It has been shown that some delay the progression of this condition, but it can take months or more than a year to observe some results and judge the effectiveness of the treatment.

Tinea Versicolor vs Vitiligo – Differences

Both conditions of the skin do not cause pain, only emotional anguish for some people. The main difference between these skin disorders is that pityriasis versicolor is a fungal infection and vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder.

Tinea Versicolor vs Vitiligo – Causes, symptoms, treatment, source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/tinea-versicolor-vs-vitiligo/

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