What is sunburn?
The scorching heat and sun can cause redness, pain and itchy skin. It is due to the harmful UV rays of the sun that cause sunburn when the skin is exposed for a long time. Sunburn can be harmful to the extent that it can cause skin problems, such as dark spots, wrinkles and even skin cancer.
Therefore, it is required to treat this painful condition immediately. It is always good to avoid exposure to extreme sunlight to reduce sunburn, but even if this happens, home remedies should be the first immediate treatment to relieve your symptoms.
What causes skin burn?
The sun's ultraviolet rays are the only cause of sunburn. Too much exposure to the sun causes redness and swelling of the skin. Exposure to the sun causes the production of melanin in skin cells, but as it is a genetic factor, people who are less likely to produce melanin have a greater risk of sunburn.
Sometimes lamps that produce sunlight and tanning lamps also produce UV light that can cause sunburn. Sunburn can also be caused on cold or cloudy days; Therefore, it is always important to protect yourself when you are outdoors.
Home remedies for sunburn
Cold pads or compresses: a towel moistened with cold water or cotton pads soaked in cold water but not cold should be applied as soon as possible in the affected area. Repeat for a few minutes and apply several times a day. You can also make an oat compress by placing oatmeal in a gauge or cloth and placing it under the water. Then, after discarding the oatmeal, apply it to the burned area. This calms the skin very fast. Milk: fat-free milk mixed with cold water can also be applied to the affected area. This should be applied 2-4 times in a day to reduce the burning sensation and inflammation.
Vinegar bath: A bath of cold, soothing water can relieve sunburn when a few drops of water Apple cider vinegar mixed with it. It acts as an astringent for the body and relieves inflammation, pain and itching. It can also be applied directly after a little dilution on the skin burned by the sun. Tea bags: Soak the tea bags, either green or black, in cold water and then apply them over the inflammation. Tea bags reduce pain and swelling considerably and also help soothe burned eyelids. You can even add freshly made tea to cold water, let it cool and bathe with it. This will help reduce inflammation and redness. Aloe vera: Fresh aloe vera gel or Aloe Vera moisturizers are excellent for sunburns on the face and back. Gently apply the gel on the affected skin 3 to 4 times a day. This will reduce swelling and pain and speed healing.
In case of blisters: if blisters develop, you should be very careful. Do not try to prick it, as it will only increase your pain and discomfort or it may cause infections. Instead, cover it with a cold gauge or apply antibacterial ointment if it bursts. Drink liquids: high heat and extreme exposure to the sun cause the body to lose fluids and electrolytes through the skin significantly. Drinking lots of fluids will help relieve the effects of sun exposure and keep the skin hydrated; This will help reduce the drying effects of the skin from sunburn.
Yogurt and buttermilk: it is good to bathe the affected area with buttermilk to reduce redness and swelling. Yogurt can also be applied directly on burned skin. Leave it for a while and then rinse it lightly with cold water. This will reduce inflammation, swelling and pain. Essential oils: A cold water bath with a few drops of essential oils such as lavender, bergamot or chamomile will effectively reduce pain, keep the skin hydrated and prevent itching. Avoid soap: soap can be rough in sunburns. Avoid using strong soaps or shampoos until the skin is in a normal state. Instead, you can use a gentle natural body wash, such as rose water, aloe vera or mint in the bath water. This together with the protection of the skin; Soothe sunburns
Source: https://www.medindia.net/homeremedies/sunburns.asp by Kriti Jain
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