Symptoms and treatment of bronchitis

Filed in: Diseases.

Bronchitis is a respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the bronchi (airways that carry air to the lungs).

There are two types of bronchitis:

Acute bronchitis: it is a cold season disease, usually triggered by viral infections (flu virus, rhinovirus, adenovirus, respiratory, etc., which can be aggravated by bacterial superinfection (streptococci, pneumococci, Haemophilus influenzae, etc.). Bronchitis begins with a burning sensation in the chest, followed by a dry, painful cough, and then the cough becomes expectorant, with sputum removal from a white or clear child.If the bronchitis gets worse, the sputum may turn yellow-green. You may have symptoms of cold or flu: headache, neck, runny nose, and fever.Your breathing becomes wheezing and you may have a feeling of shortness of breath.

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<p>Chronic bronchitis: it is a disorder of the respiratory tract that lasts, characterized by the constant presence of reflex cough and expectoration during a prolonged time (several weeks or months). The most common cause of the disease is excessive consumption of tobacco or frequent inhalation of toxic substances. These substances cause lung damage and narrowing of the bronchi. These conditions can lead to pulmonary emphysema with chronic lung degradation. The disease reduces the immunity of the body and predisposes to viral or bacterial infections.</p>
<p>The treatment of bronchitis includes medications to treat cough, relieve pain, fever and antibiotics if a bacterial infection is manifested. Antitussives are taken when the cough is dry and bothersome. These medications are taken only in medical advice.</p>
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Expectorants are drugs that facilitate expectoration, speed up and stimulate the mechanism of elimination of mucous-purulent secretions. Analgesics and antipyretics are used to relieve pain and reduce fever. Antibiotics are administered when the doctor finds that a bacterial infection has manifested by a general state of degradation, with high fever, purulent and abundant sputum. After performing an antibiogram, the doctor determines which antibiotic is the most appropriate.

For people who have strong and irritating cough (chronic bronchitis when the bronchi are already degraded), the doctor may recommend corticosteroid therapy, by inhaled route.

Bronchodilators, oral or inhaled, can be users for the treatment of aggravated acute bronchitis, and for the chronic type, in order to reduce wheezing and coughing.

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<p>To improve the symptoms of bronchitis, medication therapy can be completed with: drinking hot liquids (not hot!), 2-3 liters per day (tea, cooked fruits, soups), sleeping and resting enough, avoid drinking of coffee and alcohol (promotes dehydration). ), stop smoking or being exposed to tobacco smoke; Humidification of the atmosphere (heat and humidity dilute the mucus and facilitate its elimination) and inhalations of chamomile or salt.</p>
<p>The complications of acute or chronic bronchitis can be prevented by administration of the influenza vaccine (annual) and pneumococcal vaccine (every six years). It is recommended that this method of prevention be applied especially in children, the elderly or people whose health condition is already affected: diabetes, heart disease, people who already have respiratory diseases, people with low immunity (autoimmune diseases, AIDS), etc. ..</p>
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In conclusion, we could say that the appearance of bronchitis can be prevented by:

Avoid cigarette smoke or irritants; Avoid contact with people who have respiratory infections; Wash your hands frequently during the cold season influenza epidemic; Vaccination against influenza and pneumococcal polysaccharide.

Symptoms and treatment of bronchitis, source of the article: https://www.brighthealing.com/symptoms-treatment-bronchitis/

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