Symptoms and treatment of bronchitis
Filed in: Diseases.
Bronchitis is a respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the bronchi (airways that carry air to the lungs).
There are two types of bronchitis:
Acute bronchitis: it is a cold season disease, usually triggered by viral infections (flu virus, rhinovirus, adenovirus, respiratory, etc., which can be aggravated by bacterial superinfection (streptococci, pneumococci, Haemophilus influenzae, etc.). Bronchitis begins with a burning sensation in the chest, followed by a dry, painful cough, and then the cough becomes expectorant, with sputum removal from a white or clear child.If the bronchitis gets worse, the sputum may turn yellow-green. You may have symptoms of cold or flu: headache, neck, runny nose, and fever.Your breathing becomes wheezing and you may have a feeling of shortness of breath.
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Expectorants are drugs that facilitate expectoration, speed up and stimulate the mechanism of elimination of mucous-purulent secretions. Analgesics and antipyretics are used to relieve pain and reduce fever. Antibiotics are administered when the doctor finds that a bacterial infection has manifested by a general state of degradation, with high fever, purulent and abundant sputum. After performing an antibiogram, the doctor determines which antibiotic is the most appropriate.
For people who have strong and irritating cough (chronic bronchitis when the bronchi are already degraded), the doctor may recommend corticosteroid therapy, by inhaled route.
Bronchodilators, oral or inhaled, can be users for the treatment of aggravated acute bronchitis, and for the chronic type, in order to reduce wheezing and coughing.
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