Spotted fever of the Rocky Mountains in the face of Lyme disease – Differences and treatment

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Spotted fever of the Rocky Mountains in the face of Lyme disease - Differences and treatment

This article reveals the differences between rocky mountain spotted fever and Lyme disease:

Rocky Mountain Fever (RMSF)

This disease is caused by bacteria that are transmitted by tick bites to humans.

Both adults and children can be affected by RMSF. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, they were reported in the United States. UU Approximately 5 cases per million people per year.

Missouri, North Carolina, Arkansas, Tennessee and Oklahoma account for approximately 60 percent of reported cases.

Image credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rickettsiosis-incidence-map.jpg

RMSF is the most serious disease transmitted by ticks in the United States. About 0.3 percent of people who become sick with RMSF die from the infection.

The symptoms

Symptoms of RMSF usually appears 2 to 14 days after being bitten by the infected tick. Symptoms may include:

confusion or other neurological changes; vomit nausea; muscle pains; intense headache; cold; high fever.

A rash will usually develop 2 to 4 days after the fever starts. The rash is usually found on the wrists and ankles and then appears on the palms of the hands, the trunk and the plants. In addition, the rash can become necrotic in approximately 4 percent of patients or hemorrhagic in approximately fifty percent.

Complications

Some people may be left with permanent damage, including:

Mental disability; paralysis; hearing loss; Amputation of legs, fingers, arms or toes (due to damage to the blood vessels in these areas).

Causes

It is a disease caused by a bacterium that is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tick, called Rickettsia rickettsii.

Other causes of stained fevers in the United States include:

Rickettsialpox, caused by Rickettsia akari; Fever by ticks of the Pacific coast, caused by Rickettsia philipii; Rickettsia parkeri rickettsiosis, caused by R. parkeri.

Risk factor's

RMSF usually occurs during the summer months, with peak periods in June and July due to the fact that during this period the ticks are more active. In addition, people spend more time outdoors.

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Diagnosis

The clinical diagnosis of the condition is based on:

detection of bacterial DNA in a clinical sample by PCR; detection of the bacterial agent by immunohistochemical staining of biopsies; Detection of antibody titers via IFA.

Treatment

To avoid complications, treatment should be administered as soon as possible. If the infection is not treated within 5 days of the onset of symptoms, the chances of serious complications increase substantially.

Treatment may include antibiotics until a few days after the fever subsides. Doxycycline should be used for children of any age. For adults, tetracycline (brand name Sumycin) is the preferred treatment.

Lyme's desease

Lyme disease, also known as borreliosis, is a condition that is transmitted to humans through black-legged ticks. It can damage any organ of the body.

It is the fifth most notified of notifiable diseases in the US. UU., With more than 300,000 new cases every year. It is most common in the Pacific Northwest, the Northeast and the northwest states of the northwest.

The symptoms

Early signs and symptoms

muscle aches headaches; fatigue; a single bull's-eye eruption; changes in vision; sore throat; enlarged lymph nodes; fever; cold.

Later signs and symptoms.

If left untreated, new symptoms may appear in the following months, such as:

impaired muscular movement; numbness or weakness in the extremities; Temporary paralysis of one side of the face; inflammation of the membranes that surround your brain; pain in the joints.

Complications

Unrecognized LD or an unsuccessful treatment of LD can lead to a progressive complication, called Lyme carditis.

Causes

The sting of a tick can cause LD only if the tick has bitten an animal infected with the pathogenic bacteria.

Four main species of bacteria can cause infection:

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Borrelia garinii; Borrelia afzelii; Borrelia mayonii; Borrelia burgdorferi.

Notes – Generally, the tick must remain attached for at least 36 hours before transmitting the bacterium to a human. LD is not contagious, therefore, you can not spread it from another person.

Risk factor's

Most tick bites occur in early summer, late spring and fall because these are the times of the year when most families participate in outdoor activities.

In addition, you are at greater risk if you live in the Midwestern or Northeastern regions of the United States, where the majority of LD cases occur.

Diagnosis

It is diagnosed based on the detection of antibodies against the causative bacteria in the blood and on the clinical signs of disease of the patient.

Treatment

If your doctor thinks you may have LD, you will prescribe a 3-week course of antibiotics.

Note – It is vital to finish antibiotic treatment, even if you start to feel better.

Rocky Mountain Fever vs Lyme Disease – Differences

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a bacterial infection that is transmitted by a tick. The most affected states are Oklahoma, Arkansas, North Carolina, Missouri and Tennessee.

the the symptoms develop within the first few days of a tick bite, but some people may not experience symptoms for up to 14 days. RMSF is characterized by a sudden onset of moderate to high fever, severe headache, deep muscle pain, fatigue, rash and chills.

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted to humans by infected ticks (most people who are bitten by a tick do not have LD). It can affect the joints, the heart, the skin and the nervous system. It is the most common vector-borne infection in the United States.

Referenceshttps://www.niaid.nih.gov/diseases-conditions/lyme-diseasehttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2104421/https://www.sciencedaily.com/news/health_medicine/lyme_disease/

Spotted Rocky Mountain Fever vs Lyme Disease – Differences and Treatment, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-vs-lyme-disease/

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