Salmonella vs E. coli – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Differences, Prevention

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Salmonella vs E. coli - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Differences, Prevention

Salmonella

It is an extremely common type of bacteria. There are more than 2,500 strains of this type of bacteria, however, only less than 100 are responsible for human infections.

Some types can also cause typhoid fever, a potentially fatal multisystem disease. The two more common types in the United States there are S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium. Salmonella (salmonellosis) poisoning affects more than 1.4 million Americans per year and is responsible for approximately fifty percent of bacterial infections in the US. UU

This bacterium usually lives in the human and animal intestines and is eliminated through the faeces. In addition, fruits, green vegetables and shellfish can be contaminated with this bacteria through contact with sewage in the water or manure in the soil.

The symptoms

the the symptoms may begin a few hours after a swallowed guy An infectious dose of this bacterium. The period of time before the symptoms occur is known as the "incubation period." In some patients, the symptoms are not shown Up to 3 days later.

Most people infected with this bacterium develop the following signs and symptoms 12 to 72 hours after exposure to the bacteria. In addition, the symptoms vary depending on the type of bacteria that has caused the infection. Common signs and symptoms include:

nausea headaches; fever; vomit muscular pains; abdominal cramps; cold; Diarrhea; dizziness; Blood in the stool.

Causes

This infection is usually caused by the consumption of eggs (the FDA estimates that there are about 80,000 cases of foodborne diseases in the United States per year because eggs are eaten that contain this bacteria), raw meats, contaminated foods, unpasteurized milk, vegetables and fruits.

In addition, water turtles and turtles are common carriers of this bacterium. Therefore, contact with these animals (especially their feces) can allow transmission of the infection to humans.

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Treatment

Most people with salmonella do not need any treatment because the symptoms usually get better in a few days.

However, this infection can cause dehydration, the treatment usually focuses on replacing electrolytes (potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, chloride and phosphate) and fluids.

Due to the fact that antibiotics do not seem to reduce the duration of symptoms, in addition, they can even prolong the period of convalescent transport, they are not used.

Prevention

Keep raw poultry and meat separate from other foods when you buy. Also, wash your hands after contact with pets, farm animals, animal environments and animal feces.

Avoid eating high-risk foods, including undercooked poultry or beef, raw or lightly cooked eggs, and unpasteurized milk.

E. coli

It is a type of bacteria that usually lives in the intestines of animals and people. It can be transmitted through contaminated water and food and from person to person.

Most strains are actually part of the beneficial intestinal flora in the human intestine. However, some types can cause diseases in humans, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and fever.

This bacterial genus is named after Theodor Escherich, a German-Austrian professor and pediatrician, who isolated the type species of the genus.

The symptoms

The incubation period can vary from four to 8 days. The symptoms are worse in children and older adults, and particularly in people who have another condition. A person who has this type of infection may experience these symptoms:

Diarrhea; vomit belly pain; cramps in the stomach bad.

Some types of Escherichia coli bacteria cause diseases when they produce a toxin called Shiga toxin. In addition, a small number of people with this infection can develop a life-threatening condition called hemolytic uremic syndrome.

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Infection with the hemolytic-uremic syndrome causes the destruction of red blood cells, which can then cause kidney failure. The risk of haemolytic uraemic syndrome is higher in children under 5 years of age.

CausesSun

This infection most commonly occurs when someone consumes cheese or unpasteurized milk or undercooked meat.

Other methods to get infected with this bacteria include:

swim in infected water; drink infected water; eating unwashed vegetables that have been in contact with the manure of infected cattle; inadequate hand washing after using the bathroom; contact with other people who are infected; have contact with infected animals, such as in children's zoos and on farms.

TreatmentWater

The treatment for this infection commonly involves drinking lots of water to avoid dehydration and rest a lot.

Antibiotics are not recommended to treat this infection, as they can increase the risk of serious complications. Also, avoid taking anti-diarrhea medication because it slows down the digestive system, which actually prevents the body from eliminating toxins.

Prevention

Prevention usually consists of avoiding eating or touching any food that may be contaminated with human or animal waste. In addition, eating well-cooked foods, especially hamburgers, as well as drinking pasteurized or treated liquids will also prevent this infection..

Salmonella vs E. coli – Differences

These two gram-negative bacteria live in the intestines of animals and people.

Symptoms caused by these bacteria usually resolve within a few days, but E. coli usually lasts a little longer, and can lead to a life-threatening complication. In addition, both do not require antibiotics for their treatment.

Referenceshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3834453/https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-salmonella.html

Salmonella vs E. coli – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Differences, Prevention, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/salmonella-vs-e-coli/

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