Rosacea, acne, shingles: common skin diseases in adults

Filed in: Diseases & Conditions.

Skin problems?

A photo of a woman worries about her skin.

Does your skin itch, ooze or break? Moles, rashes, urticaria, and eczema they are just some of the more than 3,000 skin disorders that affect people every day. Changes in color or texture may be due to inflammation, infection or allergic reactions in any part of the body. Some skin conditions can be mild, temporary and easy to treat, while others can be very serious and even deadly. Read on to see the signs and symptoms of the most common skin disorders and learn to identify them.

Herpes (Herpes Zoster)

Shingles is a rash of raised spots that turn into painful blisters and lasts about two weeks. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s2-photo-of- herpes-zoster.jpg

Herpes zoster, also known as herpesIt is caused by the return of a varicella infection from nerve cells from latent infection in the spinal cord or brain. It begins as a painful sensation that is often confused with a musculoskeletal injury or even with a heart attack. Soon, one or two days later, a red unilateral (unilateral) rash with blisters appears and distributed on the skin with a sensor. nerve (a dermatome) Zoster tends to occur more frequently in the elderly and can be largely prevented or made less serious with a vaccine. Treatment with antiviral drugs within 48 hours after the onset of the rash may limit the development of persistent and severe pain (neuralgia) at the site of the rash.

Urticaria (urticaria)

Hives vary in size and can be joined to form larger areas. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s3-photo-of-polycyclic-hives.jpg

Urticaria, also known as urticaria, is a very common allergic skin condition that is most often due to antibodies in the bloodstream that recognize foreign substances. This rash suddenly appears on any part of the body as elevated scalded bumps surrounded by an intense red itchy rash. There can be many injuries, but each one only exists between eight and 12 hours. As the older ones are resolved, new ones can be developed. Most often, urticaria resolves spontaneously within eight weeks and is treated with oral antihistamines for symptomatic relief.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a rash of thick plates covered with silvery scales. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s4-photo-of-psoriasis-plaque.jpg

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory genetic condition in which patients develop red lumps that come together and form on plaques and usually occur, but are not limited to scalp, elbows, and knees. Psoriasis is not curable; You can come and go alone. There is a variety of treatments depending on the severity and degree of participation, ranging from topical creams and exposure to ultraviolet light to oral medications and injectable medications. Patients with psoriasis develop more commonly cardiovascular disease Y diabetes, which may be attributable to an inflammation of the entire system.

Eczema

Stress, irritants (such as soaps), allergens and weather can trigger outbreaks of eczema. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s5-photo- de-eczema-en-mano.jpg

Atopic dermatitis (called eczema) is a genetic condition that occurs in early childhood with a chronic dermatitis that is itchy and cries. It tends to be located in the folds of the arm opposite the elbow and in the leg opposite the knee. Many patients also have inhaler allergies as asthma and hay fever. The condition improves with age. The treatment consists in the application of emollients in moist skin and the use of topical steroids.

Rosacea

Rosacea causes redness in the nose, chin, cheeks, forehead, even in the eyes. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s6-photo-of- rosacea-en-cara.jpg

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition of the face that is characterized by redness, dilated blood vessels, papules, pustules and, occasionally, by excessive growth of nasal connective tissue (rhinophyma). It superficially resembles teenaged acne, but it happens in adults. Persistent facial flushing is an early sign of the uncontrolled sensitivity of the skin to certain naturally occurring inflammatory chemicals. The treatment of rosacea involves topical and oral medications.

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Cold sores (fever blisters)

Cold sores last 7-10 days; they are contagious until they are completely embedded. "src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s7-photo-of-sore-closeup-lips.jpg

Cold sores (cold sores) are caused by the herpes simplex virus. Herpes labialis They usually appear on the edge of the lip. This virus exists in a latent state in the nerve cells of the spinal cord, and after certain environmental triggers such as a sunburn or a cold, the virus is induced to travel along a peripheral nerve to the same site of the skin. and again. The rash is self-limiting for approximately seven to 10 days, so treatment is unnecessary unless the rash is too frequent.

Plant eruptions

The contact with the sap of poison ivy, oak and sumac causes a rash in most people who appear blisters in a matter of hours or days. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin -problems-s8-photo-of-poison-ivy-rash.jpg

In allergic individuals, the development of a linear eruption with blisters occurs within 24-48 hours of exposure to a member of the poison ivy or poison oak family. Since the plant contains highly allergenic chemicals, most people will become allergic after a single-priming exposure. The rash will resolve itself in three weeks, but it will happen again the next time the skin comes in contact with the plant.

Treatment of plant rashes

Learn to recognize and avoid direct contact with poisonous plants such as poison ivy, poison oak and sumac. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s9-photo-of- poison-plants.jpg

The repeated application of cold wet compresses in the blisters, followed by the evaporation of water, can be soothing and accelerate healing. Treatment with steroid creams or even oral steroids may be required in severe cases. Once a person is allergic, this is permanent; It is important to avoid this family of plants assiduously so that this very unpleasant allergic reaction does not recur. Many people who are allergic to poison ivy or poison oak (Toxicodendron) are also sensitive to mango skin and cashew oil.

Shaving razor

Shaving bumps occur when the sharp edge of clean-shaven hair bends back and grows toward the skin, causing irritation and pimples, and even scarring. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult- skin problems-s10-photo-of-razor-bumps.jpg

This rash occurs in areas of the skin where hairs have recently been cut or removed. This is usually present in the beard area of ​​people with very tight hair. When hair is cut or pulled below the level of the follicular pore, it tends to curl into the side of the follicle and cause an inflammatory bulge. Not shaving up close is very important to prevent this skin condition.

Skin tags

A skin tag is a small flap of flesh-colored or slightly darker tissue that hangs from the skin by a connecting stalk. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems -s11-photo-of-skin-tags-on-neck.jpg

Skin tags are small, fleshy, fibrovascular, pedunculated growths (on a stem) that are often found on the neck and armpits. In general, they are asymptomatic unless they are irritated by friction forces or their blood supply is compromised. They are very common and do not need to be eliminated or destroyed unless they become irritated.

Acne

Acne pimples are a plug of fat, skin and keratin. When open, the connector is called a black head and, when closed, a white head. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s12-photo-of-duo -acne- whitehead-blackhead.jpg

Common acne It is a non-infectious rash of papules and pustules on the face and occasionally on the chest and back. It occurs in all adolescents as they progress through puberty. Comedones (black dots) and inflammatory papules and pustules are present simultaneously. This is not a condition of dirty skin, but is mediated by hormones that begin to circulate during puberty. The condition usually resolves around the age of 20-30 years, but can cause scarring if it is severe and untreated.

Athlete's foot

Interdigital, or infection of the toe network, is the most common type of athlete's foot. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s13- photo-of-athletes- pie.jpg

One of the most common causes of athlete's foot is an infection of the dead surface layer of the skin called stratum corneum by a fungus (tinea pedis) called dermatophyte. If it is inflammatory, it can produce a rash with blisters that causes itching. Noninflammatory tinea pedis produces a dry peeling appearance and is often not very irritating. Tinea pedis probably contracts frequently walking barefoot in the locker room. Topical antifungal creams are available without a prescription and may be useful in treating the infection.

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Moles

Some moles (not all) change slowly over the years, grow, develop hair and / or change color. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems- s14-photo-of-large-raised-mole.jpg

Although the term lunar can encompass a variety of different types of skin growths, in most cases it refers to a localized accumulation of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. These are generally uniform in color and round shape. Melanocytic nevi (moles) vary in color from beige to black, measure less than ½ inch in diameter and are often found on the skin exposed to the sun. Poorly pigmented individuals can have an average of 35 of these growths at 35 years of age. These are benign lesions, but they can be confused with several pigmented skin cancers. Pigmented lesions that itch, bleed or grow may be a cause for concern.

Age or liver spots

Age or liver spots are the result of exposure to the sun, so they tend to appear in areas that get a lot of sun. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin -problems-s15-photo-of-age-spots-on-hand.jpg

These flat brown spots usually appear on the face and forearms of older people. Although they do not cause symptoms, patients hate them because of their unsightly appearance. They can be treated in different ways, but the treatment is not medically necessary.

Pink pityriasis

Pityriasis rosea causes salmon ovals and appears on the arms, legs, back, chest and abdomen, and sometimes on the neck. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin -problems-s16-photo-of-Pityriasis-rosea-torso.jpg

This rash usually begins in a young adult as a single blow or patch of scales and then spreads to cover much of the torso with many scale points that are elliptical in shape. They are associated with moderate itching that only occasionally requires treatment. The condition usually lasts around 6-8 weeks in total.

Melasma

Melasma is characterized by tan or brown patches on the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s17-photo-of-melasma-on-womans-forehead.jpg

This condition occurs more frequently in women of childbearing age and is often associated with pregnancy or ingestion of oral contraceptive drugs. This flat brown pigmentation occurs on the forehead, cheeks and in the upper lip mustache area. Often persists after pregnancy or after natality control It has stopped. The sunlight will make it darker. Successful treatment is not easy, and strict sun protection is a must.

Warts

In most cases, common warts appear on the fingers or on the hands. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s18-photo-of- common-warts.jpg

The development of small keratotic tumors of the skin is caused by one of the approximately 200 members of the human papillomavirus group. They often disappear spontaneously, but especially stubborn warts may require medical intervention. The proliferation of various treatments reflects the fact that successful resolution depends mainly on the patient's immune response. There are a variety of treatments available without a prescription that must be tried before seeing a doctor.

Seborrheic keratosis

Seborrheic keratosis is a noncancerous growth that may be dark or multicolored, and generally has a grainy surface that crumbles easily. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/common-adult-skin-problems-s19 -photo-of-seborrheic-keratoses.jpg

This is the most common benign bulge present in people as they get older. The lesions can be present in any part of the body and usually do not produce symptoms. They appear as irregular black, brown or yellow lesions that appear to have been "stuck" on the skin. They have no medical importance, apart from the fact that sometimes they are confused with pigmented skin cancers.

Seborrheic dermatitis

A photo of a man with seborrheic dermatitis. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/eczema-atopic-dermatitis-s9-photo-of-seborrheic-eczema.jpg

Seborrheic dermatitis is the most common rash among adults. When it occurs in childhood, it is commonly called the crib cap. The disease of the adult tends to favor the scalp, the skin behind the ears, the forehead, the eyebrows, the nasolabial folds of the face, the middle area of ​​the thorax and the middle part of the back, which produces a dermatitis with red peeling and itching. The scale in

Reference: https://www.onhealth.com/content/1/adult_skin_diseases

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