Preeclampsia: Causes and Symptoms

Filed in: Health Conditions.

Some pregnant women can experience preeclampsia, a condition characterized by hypertension, which can have dangerous effects for both mother and baby. It is important to understand the symptoms and risk factors of preeclampsia to ensure healthy health. the pregnancy.

What is preeclampsia?

Preeclampsia (PE) is a complication that occurs specifically in pregnant women. High blood pressure and signs of damage to other organ systems, most commonly the liver and kidneys, indicate that preeclampsia may be occurring. In cases of severe preeclampsia, the fetus can not receive blood and nutrients, which drastically impacts the development of the baby. About 5-8% of pregnant women are diagnosed. with this condition – usually after 20 weeks – and the only solution to this complication is to give birth to the baby. [1] Therefore, the mother and the baby are monitored closely until it is safe to deliver the baby.

If it is not treated or not noticed, the consequences can be serious for both the mother and the baby. If you are pregnant and experience any of the symptoms of preeclampsia, consult a doctor immediately.


The exact causes of preeclampsia are mostly beyond the control of pregnant women and involve several unavoidable physical factors.

Insufficient blood flow: In the early stages of pregnancy, new blood vessels develop to send blood to the placenta more efficiently. When preeclampsia occurs, some of these The blood vessels seem to develop insufficiently. [2] In addition, it is found that they are narrower than normal blood vessels or that they react poorly to hormonal Signs, which limits the blood flow and nutrition needed for a growing placenta. Pre-existing conditions: The symptoms of other conditions, such as gestational Hypertension or chronic hypertension may hinder the recognition of preeclampsia, but there are certain telltale signs. However, these pre-existing conditions that affect blood pressure may increase your Risk of developing preeclampsia. [3] In addition, if you are pregnant with several babies, have a history of preeclampsia in your family, are obese, or are over 40, your chances of this condition increase markedly.

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The symptoms

Some common symptoms are also symptoms of a normal pregnancy, such as swelling, weight gain and nausea. Therefore, it is extremely important to consult a doctor for specific tests of hypertension and urine in order to determine if preeclampsia is occurring.

Swelling of hands and feet: While having excess water storage may seem normal for some pregnant women, excess water retention is a good sign of high blood pressure. Is it can cause discomfort while you walk, sleep or wear shoes, and it should not be assumed that it is simply a weight gain. [4] You may experience a sudden increase in weight or a feeling of swelling in your body, which can also be a sign that it is time to see a doctor. Excess protein in the urine: Also known as proteinuria, this is often the most obvious symptom that points to preeclampsia. However, in each prenatal check up, you should have a urine test, among other basic tests, which can be a quick indicator that this condition could be a problem for you, and that you can take preventive measures or aggressive treatments. [5] Severe symptoms: If left untreated, some of the more serious symptoms may include blurred vision, Headachespain in the abdomen, fatigue, weakness, fainting, seizures or lack of extreme frequency in urination. This may mean that preeclampsia is in a serious condition and requires immediate attention.

No symptoms

It is also possible that pregnant women do not experience any symptoms of preeclampsia, which can be particularly worrisome and is an even more reason to consult your doctor regularly for tests during pregnancy. Without symptoms, it could still be putting you and your child in danger, so regular Checks and urine tests during pregnancy are highly recommended. [6]

Pre-eclampsia: causes and symptoms, reference:

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