Multi-infarct dementia versus Alzheimer's disease

Filed in: Diseases & Conditions.

Multi-infarct dementia versus Alzheimer's disease.

Multi-infarct dementia versus Alzheimer's disease

What is Alzheimer's disease? Alzheimer disease It is a well-known condition. It is a progressive and neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of memory, deterioration of language, deterioration of visuospatial abilities, poor judgment and indifferent attitude. However, motor function remains preserved. It usually starts after age 65. But the onset can occur from 40 years. Alzheimer's disease first appears as memory decreases and, for several years, destroys the person's cognition, personality and ability to function. Confusion and restlessness may also occur.

Are these symptoms unique to Alzheimer's disease?

The answer is, of course, "No". Similar symptoms may also be due to fatigue, pain, depression, illness, loss of sight or hearing, the use of alcohol or certain medications, or simply loading too many details to remember at the same time. . There are also many diseases that can cause symptoms similar to those typical of Alzheimer's disease. Among the diseases that must be distinguished from Alzheimer's disease is dementia due to multiple infarction.

What is dementia due to multiple infarction? dementia (MID), a common cause of dementia in the elderly, occurs when blood clots block small blood vessels in the brain and destroy brain tissue. The probable risk factors are high blood pressure and advanced age. CADASIL (autosomal dominant cerebral arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy) is a hereditary form of MID. This disease can cause career dementia migraine-I like it Headaches, and psychiatric disorders.

What are the symptoms of dementia due to multiple infarction? The symptoms of MID, which often develop in a man on the ladder, include:

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confusion, problems with recent memory, wandering or getting lost in familiar places, loss of bladder or bowel control (incontinence), emotional problems such as laughing or crying inappropriately, difficulty following instructions and problems managing money.

In general, the damage is so slight that the change is only noticed as a series of small steps. However, with the passage of time, as more small vessels are blocked, gradual mental deterioration occurs. The MID, which usually begins between 60 and 75 years, affects men more often than women.

Is there any treatment for dementia due to multiple infarction? Currently, there is no treatment for MID that can reverse the damage that has already occurred. The treatment focuses on the prevention of additional brain damage by controlling high blood pressure.

What is the prognosis for dementia due to multiple infarctions? The prognosis for patients with MID is generally poor. Individuals with the disease may improve for short periods of time and then decline. Early treatment and management blood pressure It can prevent further progression of the disorder.

Reference: https://www.onhealth.com/content/1/multi-infarct_dementia_v_alzheimer_disease

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