Menopause: causes and symptoms

Filed in: Health Conditions.

Menopause or & # 39; life change & # 39; is a phase in a woman's life that indicates the end of menstruation or monthly cycle. Actually it derives from a Greek word "men" meaning month and "pausis" which means "termination". Menopause It is a natural event that usually occurs when a woman reaches 40 or late 50 and means the closure of her fertile phase.

Menopause marks the end of the main role. accomplished for him ovaries .that is to say. [1] [2] The secretion of ovules, estrogen release and progesterone Hormones, creation and detachment of the uterine lining or monthly periods. Menopausal transition .i.e. the change from a potentially fertile to a non-fertile state usually tends to occur gradually over a period of time. This transition phase, also known as perimenopause, takes about a year to be finally declared as menopause. After a year without any monthly cycle, it is said that a woman reaches menopause. The post-menopausal phase is known as the postmenopausal Stage that remains until the end of your life.

Signs and symptoms of menopause

Menopause is different For each woman and so are her symptoms. [3] This is attributed to hormonal fluctuations and especially to the role of the hormone estrogen, which performs various functions in the body. A deficit of estrogen in the body can lead to various physical and emotional symptoms. Some of the common symptoms of menopause are:

Change in menses

Irregular periods are the first sign you can notice if your body is ready for menopause. You may bleed less or more than you normally do. The duration of the monthly cycle may be longer or shorter. All these symptoms are considered normal. However, if you have an excessive flow, periods that last more than a week, the cycles are repeated very closely, then you should discuss it with a doctor to be sure.

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Humor changes

A number of women feel grumpy and depressed at the time of menopause due to the possibility of various factors, such as the feeling of fatigue, family problems and previous history of depression.

Problems of the bladder and vagina

The body becomes more susceptible to the vagina or urine. infections. Some women may suffer the problems of urinary incontinence or a leak of urine. The perennial area may be itchy and dry due to the change in hormone levels that make intercourse painful.

Hot flushes

This is another of the common symptoms that a woman may feel near the transition phase. Hot flashes refer to the sensation of rinsing or heat in which red spots appear throughout the body. [4] Symptoms can be mild or strong, including excess. perspiration and cold tremors that can result in sleep riots also known as night sweats.

Apart from these, women can experience:

Decreased or increased sex drive Weightloss or weight gain, pain in joints and muscles. Insomnia Experience memory lapses making it difficult to remember small things.

Impact on the heart and bones during menopause


The hormone estrogen plays an important role in maintaining bone health and helps control bone loss. Deterioration of estrogen in the body during menopause can lead to weak and fragile bones, also known as osteoporosis. [1]

Heart disorders

Aging and fluctuating levels of the hormone estrogen may increase the risk of developing heart disease. Other factors such as weight gain, hypertension It can also have detrimental effects on the heart.

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It is always advisable to talk with your health professional and obtain the necessary tests associated with bone density, glucose levels, LDL and HDL. cholesterol, levels of triglycerides made to guarantee timely prevention and corrective measures if necessary.

Premature menopause

Although it is rare, it is definitely possible for the woman to arrive before they touch their mid-40s. [5] This is called early menopause or premature ovarian failure. There are chances that a woman still has her periods and ovaries released eggs intermittently even after experiencing premature menopause. Higher Causes [6]Of premature menopause are:

Hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) Oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries) Certain types of Cancer treatments or radiotherapy Malaria Tuberculosis Chickenpox Hypothyroidism Autoimmune diseases Down's Syndrome. Addison's disease Of smoking

It is always helpful to stay well informed and informed about what to expect along with corrective measures to facilitate the transition phase.

Stay happy and celebrate femininity!

Menopause: causes and symptoms, reference:

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