Meniere's disease versus labyrinthitis: symptoms, causes, differences

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Meniere's disease versus labyrinthitis: symptoms, causes and differences

Meniere's disease

It is a long-term disorder of the inner ear that causes ringing in the ears (tinnitus), severe dizziness, congestion in the ear, and loss of hearing.

The disorder takes its name from Prosper Ménière, a French doctor who first suggested that the symptoms came from the inner ear.

DM usually affects only one ear. The other ear is also affected at some point in approximately 40 percent of patients.

It is thought to be a little more common in women than in men and most commonly affects people in their 40s to 60s.

Around 615,000 people in the USA UU has MD, according to the National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.

The symptoms

The symptoms tend to appear as "episodes" that usually last between 2 and 4 hours, but it may take 1 or 2 days until the symptoms disappear completely.

Common symptoms include:

loud noises can seem unpleasant and distorted; a feeling of fullness or pressure inside the ear; tinnitus: it is a noise like a roar, buzzing or buzzing that can be heard from inside the affected ear; Vertigo: it is a vertigo with a sensation of rotation. You may have to go to bed until it happens. You may feel very dizzy and sick. Vertigo can develop with little or no warning; Deaf ear in the affected ear.

Notethe majority of patients With MD they do not experience symptoms between episodes. In addition, the symptoms and severity of DM vary widely from one patient to another.

Complications

Vertigo can be fatal if it hits while you are climbing or driving.

Causes

It is believed that DM is caused by a problem with deep pressure inside the ear.

Risk factor's

Factors that affect the fluid and that could contribute to DM include:

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migraines; inadequate drainage of fluids, most likely due to an obstruction or anatomical abnormality; Head trauma; abnormal immune response; genetic predisposition; a regular diet rich in sodium; Viral infection; allergies

Diagnosis

A diagnosis of DM requires:

tinnitus or feeling of fullness in the ear; hearing loss verified by a hearing test; 2 episodes of vertigo, each with a duration of 20 m or more, however, no more than 24 hours.

Treatment

Although there is no cure, treatment for the disease can help control some of the symptoms. Treatments for DM may include:

surgery; Changes in diet and lifestyle, especially a diet low in sodium; medications: antihistamines (help relieve vomiting, mild nausea and vertigo) and prochlorperazine (a dopamine receptor antagonist that helps relieve vomiting and nausea) Some injections in the middle ear can also improve the symptoms of vertigo.

Labyrinthitis

It is a viral infection of the inner ear (your inner ear is important for both balance and hearing), where you can commonly experience sensations of dizziness and vertigo.

This disorder can affect women and men equally, at any age, although it usually occurs in adults 30 to 60 years of age.

It is closely related to vestibular neuritis, a disorder that causes dizziness and dizziness and is caused by a viral infection of one of the vestibular nerves.

The symptomsdizziness

Common symptoms may include:

difficulty focusing the eyes; dizziness; hearing loss in the high frequency range in one ear; tinnitus, which is characterized by a buzzing or buzzing in the ear; vomit nausea; loss of balance; Vertigo.

Complications

Usually, there are no complications from the disorder, but they can include permanent hearing loss.

Causes

Although there are several potential causes of the disorder, the precise cause is unknown. It can be related to a viral infection, such as a cold or flu, or a bacterial infection such as meningitis or a middle ear infection.

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The most common offending bacteria for meningitis are Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Risk factor's

You have a higher risk of developing the disorder if:

take over-the-counter medications; smoking tobacco and second hand smoking; drink large amounts of alcoholic beverages; use some prescription medications; they are under extreme emotional stress; they fatigue habitually; Have a personal history of allergies.

Diagnosis

It is diagnosed according to your medical history, your symptoms and a physical examination.

Treatment

Treatment for the disorder usually involves the use of medications to control the symptoms. Treatment also includes bed rest and drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.

For bacterial labyrinthitis, antibiotics are prescribed according to culture and sensitivity results.

Meniere's disease vs Labyrinthitis – Differences

Image credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Earplug-foam-in-ear.jpg

Meniere's disease is an auditory disease characterized by a sudden and sudden onset of low frequency hearing loss, vertigo, low frequency roaring tinnitus and a feeling of fullness in the affected ear. DM can occur at any age, however, it most commonly affects people between 40 and 60 years old. More than 600,000 people in the United States suffer from MD.

Labyrinthitis is an inflammatory disorder of the inner ear that causes the labyrinth to swell and affect balance and hearing. The most common symptoms of the disorder include vertigo, hearing loss, dizziness, nausea and loss of balance.

The most common cause of the disorder is a viral infection, such as the flu or a cold. Sometimes, a bacterial infection, such as meningitis or a middle ear infection, can cause the disorder.

Referenceshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4807558https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/labyrinthitishttps://www.ata.org/news/news/study-launched-menieres-disease-treatment

Meniere's disease versus labyrinthitis: symptoms, causes, differences, source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/menieres-disease-vs-labyrinthitis/

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