List of safe and unsafe seafood to eat during pregnancy

Filed in: pregnancy.

It is said that mothers who ate seafood, such as fish, during pregnancy have given birth of children with higher IQ (intelligent quotient), compared to those who did not eat fish. [1] This is due to the fact that seafood is a great source of protein and other nutrients: vitamins (vitamin D and hill), minerals (iron, zinc, iodo, copperY selenium). In addition, it contains polyunsaturated Omega-3 fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which are very useful in the mental development of the child.

During pregnancy, the waiting The mother must be careful as to what she eats for a healthy and safe pregnancy. Seafood (fish and shellfish) play an important role in the diet of a pregnant woman, as it has a high nutritional Research benefits studies They indicate that the seafood intake reduces the risk of premature births and lower weight of the baby. [2]

Types of seafood safe to eat during pregnancy

The following types of seafood are safe to eat from pregnant mothers:


Well cleaned and properly cooked. seafood (like the prawns) are safe to eat. [3] They are a good source of proteins and omega-3 fatty acids, which help in the general development of the baby, especially the brain, nerves and eyes. It also contains a low level of saturated fats. Pregnant women can have sautéed prawns or crab Cakes like some healthy recipes. Therefore, pregnant women should not miss seafood until they are well cooked.

Although they should be careful, since seafood can contain some environmental contaminants: PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), dioxins, pesticides and other contaminants. The variety includes turbot, bream, grouper, dogfish (or rock). Salmon or Huss), sea bass and crab. It is a good idea to limit your intake to two servings per week.

Smoked fish

Smoked fish and shellfish and fish are very rich in the nutrients needed during pregnancy. It contains vitamins A and D, as well as proteins. Vitamins A and D are present in fish liver oil. They are also a rich source of Vitamin B complex, especially B6, B12, and niacin. It has a very low fat content. It is safe to eat smoked fish during pregnancy, as it is not "raw". Parasites, if any, are killed during the of smoking of the fish. Seafood and smoked fish should be consumed during pregnancy, as they are a good source of calcium, iron, iodine, phosphorus, zinc, potassium, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids, which are necessary for the development of the baby's brain, eyes and nervous system.

Consumption of only canned seafood smoked is recommended. [4] In addition, pregnant women should avoid eating Seafood like the shark, the marlin and the swordfish, etc. [5] These varieties may contain methyl mercury, which is very poisonous. In addition, this type of fish and shellfish may have listeria bacteria (which can cause listeriosis, a dangerous condition during pregnancy). This disease can lead to miscarriages, dead births, and other complications related to pregnancy.

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Pregnant women should be careful when buying seafood. It can be preserved together with raw fish, causing pollution and the transfer of bacteria to occur.

Oily fish

Oily fish such as herring, sardines, mackerel, sardinesSalmon is a good source of essential fats for pregnant women. [3] They are a good source of various essential vitamins, such as calcium, nutrients and omega-3 fatty acids needed for the developing baby and the mother. [6] Therefore, it is important to include it in the food. The variety includes pilcards, fresh. tuna, eel, salmon, herring, mackerel, trout, sardines, herring, whitebait and anchovies.

Fatty fish may contain environmental contaminants: PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), dioxins, pesticides and other contaminants. Therefore, pregnant women should limit the intake of these fish to two servings in a week.


It is safe to eat Sushi Made of previously frozen fish. [5] It is important to freeze the fish, as it kills parasites such as tapeworms. These parasites can make you sick if the fish does not freeze and eat directly. The raw fish he used to make. Sushi It should be frozen at -20 degrees for a minimum of 24 hours. The use of fresh fish to prepare sushi can be dangerous during pregnancy. One can choose fully cooked sushi varieties that are available. If you prepare sushi by yourself, be sure to freeze the fish for 24 hours and, if you buy it at a sushi shop or restaurant, you can ask the staff if you have any questions. The sushi made of smoked salmon does not need to be frozen before consuming it, since smoking kills any parasite in the fish. Apart from sushi, other dishes can also be prepared from raw fish and can be consumed by pregnant women, until it has been properly frozen. Salt or make pickles of the raw food It is also safe to eat.


Fish oil: Fish oil It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which also help women during pregnancy. Ingestion of fish oil during pregnancy reduces the risk of various complications, such as premature birth, blood pressure, and miscarriages. Fish oil can be obtained by eating fish or by consuming supplements. Fish oil is made from fish, such as salmon, cod liver, whale blubber and tuna.

Unsafe seafood to eat during pregnancy

The following types of seafood are not safe to eat during pregnancy:

Fish rich in mercury

Mercury severely affects the development of babies, especially in terms of their nervous system. For the most part, all fish contain some level of mercury. Some fish, such as the tile fish, the pillar, the swordfish, the orange clock, the mackerel, the marlin and the shark can contain very high levels of mercury. Therefore, they should not be consumed by pregnant women. It is advised that even women who plan to become pregnant should stop eating these fish for a few months. The mercury absorbed by fish and shellfish can accumulate in the body of pregnant women. It takes a long time to expel it naturally from the body.

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Mercury is released into the air through pollution and is also present in our environment. It is a liquid form of metal. Mercury, when it falls into water, becomes methylmercury. It is a toxin that a fish and shellfish absorb through their food. This methylmercury severely affects the nervous system of infants and young children. Mercury in seafood is not a concern for adults. If a pregnant woman regularly consumes fish with high levels of mercury, it can accumulate in the blood. [5] This could negatively affect the development of the baby's brain and nervous system. It could also cause reproductive failures, premature births and miscarriages, as well as physical and developmental delays in babies.

Raw seafood

Eating small amounts of raw seafood during pregnancy can cause food poisoning, as it may contain harmful bacteria, viruses or parasites such as tapeworms, toxoplasmosis, salmonella, and the fins. Food poisoning may or may not harm the baby, although it may harm the health of pregnant women. The parasites deplete the essential nutrients required by a pregnant mother and baby. Seafood should be properly frozen and cooked well before eating. This eliminates viruses, parasites and bacteria, and also makes seafood safe to eat.


Tuna generally contains high levels of mercury. White tuna and albacore (or white) steaks have higher levels of mercury (almost three times) compared to light canned tuna. Although there is a higher limit for the consumption of tuna that is safe. This limit is 12 ounces for light tuna and 6 ounces for albacore tuna per week. This limit is not applicable for canned tuna. There are different species of tunas that are low in mercury, such as yellowfin, tongol and skipjack. Pregnant women do not need to limit their consumption of canned tuna.

Processed Seafood

Pregnant women should avoid unusually high sodium intake, as it can cause swelling or increase in blood pressure. This can cause diseases to the mother and can harm the baby. Seafood processing involves the addition of Salt. This makes the sodium content in the food very high. Therefore, it should be avoided.

Recommended portion of seafood: pregnant women can eat 2 to 3 meals (that is, up to 12 ounces – 340 grams) of fish and shellfish per week. You can mix and consume different types of fish and seafood. Canned tuna, shrimp, crab, trout, herring, haddock (Boston blue fish), anchovy, char, hake, red mullet, haddock, catfish, smell, cod, tilapia, scallops, flounder, clams, sole, oystersCrayfish, croaker, sardines, whitefish and salmon are low in mercury and, therefore, safe to eat during pregnancy. Pregnant women should consume the same variety of fish or seafood only once a week to be safe.

List of safe and unsafe seafood to eat during pregnancy, reference:

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