Kaopectate vs Imodium – Comparison of side effects and uses

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Kaopectate vs Imodium - Comparison of side effects and uses

Kaopectate

It is the brand name of a medication called bismuth subsalicylate, which belongs to a group of medications called antidiarrheals.

The bismuth subsalicylate is found in other brands, such as Bismarex, Maalox Total Stomach Relief, Bismatrol or Pepto-Bismol.

Mechanism of action

It works by decreasing the flow of electrolytes and fluids to the intestine and can kill organisms that can cause diarrhea.

Applications

This over-the-counter medicine is used to treat diarrhea, upset stomach, heartburn (a burning sensation in the chest and throat), indigestion, and nausea in adults and children over 12 years of age.

Dosage

The usual recommended dose is 524 mg orally every 30 to 60 minutes, as needed.

Note – Do not take more than 8 doses in a 24-hour period.

Side effects and precautions

Common side effects may include:

darkened tongue dark colored stools; constipation.

Rare side effects may include:

stomach symptoms worsened diarrhea that last more than 2 days; Ringing in the ears; hearing loss.

Contraindications

Before taking this antidiarrheal, tell your health care provider if you have:

an allergy to salicylates, such as Salflex, Tricosal, aspirin or Doan's Extra Strength; a recent history of stomach or intestinal bleeding; stomach ulcer.

Alcohol

Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages while taking this antidiarrheal since the consumption of alcohol can substantially increase the risk of side effects.

Drug interactions

You may interact negatively with other medications, especially:

other salicylates, such as: aspirin, KneeRelief, Pepto-Bismol, Tricosal, Nuprin, back pain, Caplet, or Trilisate; probenecid (Benemid); an anticoagulant such as warfarin (Jantoven); medicine used to prevent blood clots, including – tenecteplase (TNKase), alteplase (Activase), urokinase (Abbokinase); insulin or oral medications for diabetes; an antibiotic, such as – minocycline (Dynacin, Solodyn), doxycycline (Doryx, Vibramycin), or tetracycline (Ala-Tet, Sumycin, Tetracap).

Pregnancy and lactation

There are no studies on the safe use of this antidiarrheal in pregnant women. Consult a healthcare provider before using this medicine if you are pregnant.

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The bismuth subsalicylate can pass into breast milk and cause harm to the infant. Do not breastfeed a baby while taking this antidiarrheal.

Imodio

It is the brand name of a medicine called loperamide, which belongs to a group of medicines called antidiarrheals.

Loperamide was originally approved by the US FDA. UU In 1976.

Mechanism of action

It works by affecting the nerves in the intestines to reduce the frequency of bowel movements. In addition, this medication reduces colic and makes the stool more solid.

Applications

This medication is used to relieve symptoms of diarrhea that start suddenly and last for several days.

Diarrhea is a condition that can be described as an abnormal increase in the frequency, liquidity or volume of your bowel movements.

The causes of diarrhea may include:

Parasitic infections, such as those that cause giardiasis and amebiasis; Food allergies and intolerance; bacterial infections, such as Shigella, C.diff (Clostridium), E. coli, salmonella or cholera (Vibrio cholerae); a side effect of some medications; Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); viral infections.

In addition, this medication can be used to treat people with inflammatory bowel disease or to decrease the amount of secretions in patients who have undergone an ileostomy.

Contraindications

Before taking this antidiarrheal, tell your health care provider if you have:

AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome); liver disease; mucus in the stool; fever.

Dosage

Important note – The effect of loperamide can be observed within 1 to 3 hours after ingestion. To avoid becoming dehydrated, take the medication with a full glass of water. This medication should not be taken by children under 12 unless prescribed by a doctor.

For acute diarrhea, the usual recommended dose is 4 mg, taken immediately, followed by 2 mg after each time the patient goes to the bathroom with diarrhea.

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Pregnancy and lactation

There are no conclusive studies to determine the safety of the antidiarrheal during pregnancy. Therefore, consult your doctor before using this medication.

Since this medicine can pass into breast milk and may adversely affect the breast-fed baby, do not breast-feed while you are taking this antidiarrheal.

Side effects and Precautions

Common side effects may include:

dizziness; drowsiness; nausea; cramps in the stomach; constipation.

Less common side effects It can include:

diarrhea in progress or worsening; stomach pain or swelling; fast or strong heartbeat; shortness of breath diarrhea that is watery or bloody; a feeling that you may faint; fluttering in your chest; sudden dizziness

Abuse

This medicine contains a small amount of opiates, and a growing number of scientific reports have concluded that the ingestion of large amounts of this antidiarrheal can cause mild narcotic effects.

Drug interactions

You may interact negatively with other medications, especially:

azithromycin; Lotemax; Zantac (ranitidine); Benadryl (diphenhydramine); Zyrtec (cetirizine); Fetzima; Cipro (ciprofloxacin); Viberzi (eluxadolina); Dicyclomine; Lomotil (atropine / diphenoxylate); Lexapro (escitalopram); Zoloft (sertraline).

Alcohol

Drinking alcoholic beverages while taking this antidiarrheal can substantially increase the sleepiness of loperamide.

Bottom line – Kaopectate vs Imodium

Kaopectate (active ingredient – bismuth subsalicylate) is an antacid and antidiarrheal medication that is used to treat nausea, heartburn, indigestion, diarrhea, and upset stomach.

Imodio (active ingredient – loperamide) is a medication that slows the rate of digestion. This allows the small intestine to have more time to absorb the nutrients and fluids from the foods it consumes.

Referenceshttps://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/bismuth_subsalicylatehttps://www.amjmed.com/article/0002-9343(90)90270-N/referenceshttps://www.gastrojournal.org/article/S0016-5085(98)70311-7/references

Kaopectate vs Imodium – Comparison of side effects and uses, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/kaopectate-vs-imodium/

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