Japanese encephalitis, an infection of the brain, killed 66 people in the state of Assam this year.
Japanese encephalitis (JE) continues to plague Assam with one more person who succumbs to the disease on Wednesday. As of today, 66 people have died in Assam this year due to JE.
A report in a leading newspaper has quoted U Phangsu, state official of the National Vector-borne Disease Control Program, who said Friday that "JE took the life of a person in Dibrugarh on Wednesday with a total of 66 deaths. You may have alerted all district health services to stay alert for any JE cases that may arise and take the necessary steps to provide all possible medical facilities.The medical staff of all hospitals has been directed to attend to these patients with the greatest care. "
What is JE?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the Japanese encephalitis virus or JEV is the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. It is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes that falls into the same category as yellow fever. dengue and so.
"JEV is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in many countries in Asia, with an estimated 68,000 clinical cases each year. "Twenty-four countries in the WHO South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions have endemic JEV transmission, exposing more than 3 billion people to infection risks," WHO reports.
JEV infections, in the initial stages seem to be any common viral infection with no apparent symptoms. However, severe disease is characterized by:
"The case-fatality rate can reach 30% among people with symptoms of the disease. "Of those who survive, between 20% and 30% suffer permanent intellectual, behavioral or neurological problems such as paralysis, recurrent seizures or the inability to speak," says the WHO.
One and the only ways to prevent the disease from now on is to avoid mosquito bites. "All travelers to endemic areas of Japanese encephalitis (JE) should take precautions to avoid mosquito bites to reduce the risk of JE and other infectious diseases transmitted by vectors," says the Center for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC).
So far, there is no cure for the disease. The treatments available from now on focus on the treatment of the clinical signs of the disease.
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Reference: https://www.thehealthsite.com/news/dengue-assam-japanese-encephalitis-continues-to-eat-lives-in-assam-ai0818/, by Aishwarya Iyer