Hemorrhoids: an illustrated guide for treatment

Filed in: Senior Health.

How do hemorrhoids look?

A doctor holds a model of the human rectum showing internal and external hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids are groups of dilated (enlarged) blood vessels in the anus and lower rectum. The rectum is the last area of ​​the large intestine before it goes to the anus. The anus is the end of the digestive tract where the stool leaves the body.

Sometimes, hemorrhoids swell when the veins enlarge and their walls stretch, thin and irritate as they pass stool. Hemorrhoids are classified into two general categories:

internal, originated in the rectum, and external, originating in the anus.

Hemorrhoids (also called piles) have caused pain and irritation throughout human history. The word comes from the Greek, "haimorhoides", which means veins that can discharge blood. If you have had a hemorrhoid pain attack, you are not alone. It is estimated that three out of four people will have hemorrhoids at some point in their lives. Even Napoleon suffered from hemorrhoids, which distracted him with intense pain during his defeat at Waterloo.

Symptoms of enlarged hemorrhoids

Enlarged hemorrhoids are associated with symptoms such as

itching, discharge of mucus, burning in the anus, intense pain, feeling that the bowel is not really empty and bleeding without pain.

In this article, our medical experts will explain where hemorrhoids pain comes from, how hemorrhoids feel and how they are diagnosed. Then you will discover the various treatments for hemorrhoids both at home and in the hospital, along with the positive attributes and drawbacks of each treatment for hemorrhoids.

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