Heart failure and effects on life

Filed in: Diseases.

Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle does not pump enough blood into the arteries, as the body needs it. The disease can be caused by a few diseases that can affect the heart and, therefore, its ability to pump. When the heart does not pump blood efficiently through the body, it slowly returns to the heart, a situation that will lead to the accumulation of fluid in the lungs or other parts of the body.

Heart failure is a progressive disorder that gets worse over time. It usually begins when the heart is damaged or weakened as a result of a heart attack. At the beginning, the body tries to compensate for the decrease in the heart's pumping capacity; Retention of salt and water, increasing the amount of blood in the bloodstream, increasing the workload and the size of the heart. Eventually, the body tries to compensate, only worsen existing heart failure.

What are the types of heart failure?

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<p>Usually, heart failure affects the left ventricle in two ways:</p>
<p><strong>– Systolic failure.</strong> – This occurs when the ventricle is no longer strong enough to contract, to pump blood to the body.</p>
<p><strong>– Diastolic insufficiency.</strong> – Occurs when the ventricle does not relax enough and this affects the ability to fill with blood.</p>
<p>If the left side of the heart is more damaged, it will not be able to pump enough blood to all the organs of the body, including the heart. At the same time, the blood must return to the right ventricle and, if it has problems doing so, it stagnates in the circulation and causes an additional loss of fluid on the right side.</p>
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The insufficiency of the right and left sides are often present simultaneously. In addition to the classification according to the type of heart failure, there is also a classification according to the severity of the same.

What causes heart failure?

Failures can be caused by several diseases that affect the heart and its ability to pump blood:

Coronary artery disease and, especially, myocardial infarction; High blood pressure (hypertension); Cardiomyopathy heart disease; Congenital heart disease; Disease of the valves of the heart; Diseases of the pericardium; Arrhythmias

A number of factors can cause sudden failures, such as taking medication incorrectly, a heart attack, blood clots that travel to the lungs, infections, alcohol consumption, excess salt, physical exertion.

What are the symptoms of heart failure?

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<p>The typical symptoms of heart failure are:</p>
<p>    Shortness of breath, frequent; Swelling, especially in the legs, ankles; Weight gain, sudden; Dizziness, fainting or weakness; Fatigue; Dry cough, especially when lying down; Increased urination at night; Nausea, swelling.   </p>
<p><strong>Sharp failure</strong></p>
<p>Acute failure occurs when the lungs fill with water quickly, a situation called pulmonary edema.</p>
<p>Symptoms develop quickly and may include:</p>
<p>    Shortness of breath and inefficiency of breathing; Rapid and irregular heartbeat; Cough with foamy and pink secretions.   </p>
<p>Acute failure is a medical emergency and requires immediate attention.</p>
<p><strong>How is heart failure diagnosed?</strong></p>
<p>Echocardiography is the best and simplest diagnostic method.</p>
<p>It also helps to assess the severity of failure. Echocardiography uses sound waves to create a moving image of the heart. Usually, it is the first test performed after the appearance of such medical problems. In addition, chest x-rays can help in diagnosis. Echocardiography can also be used to control failure, measuring, since blood is pumped from the left ventricle. Doctors know when failure worsens, by controlling the symptoms and determining if the so-called ejection fraction decreases.</p>
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What to expect in case of heart failure?

Heart failure is a condition for life, which in turn worsens. Some medications and many changes in lifestyle needed to improve heart failure can have a positive impact on the quality and duration of life. In the early phase, minor symptoms can occur only during strenuous activities. Over time, symptoms such as shortness of breath, swelling and fatigue will be present all the time, even at rest.

Treatment can reduce these symptoms, but usually does not eliminate them. When the failure worsens, a chronic state of fatigue and weakness sets in, in spite of the treatment administered properly. Acute failure develops rapidly and can cause death if the patient does not receive immediate medical assistance.

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<p>After the diagnosis of heart failure, it is probably necessary to administer medication, for life. Changes in diet and lifestyle are also important in treating symptoms. Limit salt intake, rest and moderate activity, avoid infection and careful use of medications; All of these are important ways to control heart failure and prevent complications, hospitalizations and sudden deaths.</p>
<p>Probably, a combination of medications will be recommended. These drugs help the heart to pump bloo</p>
<p><em>Heart failure and effects in life, source of the article: https://www.brighthealing.com/heart-failure-and-effects-on-life/</em></p>
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