Glutamine: definition, facts, functions, uses, health benefits, food sources and side effects

Filed in: Nutrients.

Glutamine: definition, facts, functions, uses, health benefits, food sources and side effects

Acts

It is the most abundant amino acid in the body, although it is not essential. The majority of this. amino acids it is stored in the muscles, followed by the lungs, where a large part of the amino acid is produced. Chemical formula C5H10N2O3.

It has been called "conditionally essential" nutritious because it is not essential in normal situations, but in case of serious injuries or illnesses, it becomes insufficient.

This amino acid is a precursor of glutamate, a key amino acids It is used for the transamination of alpha-keto acids (organic compounds) to form other alpha-amino acids.

Uses and functions

One of the well-established roles of this amino acids In human health is its healthy contribution to the integrity of the intestinal mucosa. This paper is slightly related to the fact that it is a critical source of nitrogen for rapidly dividing human cells, such as those lining the gastrointestinal tract.

The main location of this consumption of amino acids in the body is in the small intestine. In times of stress, the small intestine responds by using more Gln and transporting more efficiently Gln that has been ingested.

It is one of the non-essential amino acids most readily available for use as an energy source and is an important source of energy for many types of rapidly dividing in vitro cells.

Health benefits of glutamine

It improves gastrointestinal health because it is an essential nutrient for the reconstruction and repair of the intestines. It provides energy to neurons when blood glucose levels are low. It is said that this aspect of this amino acid reduces the cravings for alcohol and sugar. This amino acid helps the body produce glutathione, which is a potent antioxidant. Improves sports performance and recovery from endurance exercise. It has been used as a component of oral supplementation to reverse muscle wasting (cachexia) in patients with advanced cancer or AIDS / HIV. It is also considered important for the maintenance of the renal tubules, contributing to a good and healthy function of the kidneys. Plays a central role in the processes of cellular and systematic detoxification. This amino acid easily crosses the blood-brain barrier, where it is transformed into L-glutamic acid. It has also been shown to improve the adverse effects for people who undergo chemotherapy for cancer. This is quite useful because in 2017, approximately 595,690 people will die from the disease in the United States and 1,685,210 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed. When taken as a supplement, this amino acid can help suppress or reduce the uncontrollable cravings for alcohol or sugary foods.

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Food sources of glutamine.

While your physical body normally produces all the content of this amino acid that you need, a prolonged illness or serious injury may require you to increase your food intake.

Therefore, foods rich in this amino acid include spirulina, asparagus, beets, broccoli, wheatgrass, raw parsley, kale, cabbage (especially red cabbage is considered the densest vegetable form of this amino acid) and raw spinach.

Precautions

For children ten years old or younger: DO NOT give this. amino acids a child, unless your doctor prescribes it as part of a complete amino acid supplement.

Side effects of glutamine.

People with liver disease, kidney disease or Reye's syndrome (a rapidly progressive encephalopathy) should not take this non-essential amino acid as a nutritional supplement.

100% is not known if it passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby.

Considering possible interactions and side effects with medications, you should take nutritional supplements only under the supervision of a knowledgeable health care specialist.

Glutamine: definition, facts, functions, uses, health benefits, food sources and side effects, source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/nutrients/the-health-benefits-of-glutamine-amino-acid/

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