Gallstones – Who is prone, what are the symptoms and treatment
Filed in: Diseases.
The gallbladder (or "gallbladder" traditionally) is a small, saccular-shaped organ that is located under the liver, in order to store the bile secreted by it. Bile, produced by the liver, excretes helps to digest fats. Gallstones are composed of cholesterol and other components that are found in bile. Sizes can vary in size from millimeters to several centimeters.
What are gallstones?
Gallstones represent the presence of stones (stones) inside the gallbladder and bile ducts (anatomical ducts that carry bile from the liver to the intestine).
Who is prone to gallstones:
Women are more prone to this condition, people who are overweight, people who have a family history with members who suffer from gallstones, those who have high cholesterol or triglycerides, women who receive estrogen therapy in postmenopausal and pregnant women.
The main causes are a disorderly diet rich in fats, high calories, sedentary lifestyle, constipation, exhaustion.
What are the main symptoms?
Read Also Bipolar disorder in children
Nausea and vomiting from a bitter taste in the morning to vomiting food (green), an event that relieves pain. Loss of appetite Fever a sign of complications (acute cholecystitis). Jaundice, dark urine, pale stools, sign of migration of stones in the main bile duct with obstruction of the bile duct.
The evolution of gallstones.
There are forms without symptoms; those gallstones are discovered after a routine ultrasound examination; and it is also formed with clear symptoms of pain in the upper right quadrant, vomiting, alteration of the general state and complicated forms associated with fever and jaundice.
How is the diagnosis of gallstones, biliary colic or acute cholecystitis made?
Gallstones, most commonly, are diagnosed by ultrasound tests. Biliary colic is associated with cholelithiasis, a characteristic symptomatology; in this case, the ultrasound image is slightly modified from asymptomatic gallstones. Acute cholecystitis has a more intense symptomatology than colic and can be associated with fever. The ultrasound test shows thickened and inflamed walls of the gallbladder, and laboratory tests (increased leukocytes) are changed.
For pain, antispasmodics, analgesics, antiemetics (prevents vomiting) can be administered with a role in relieving symptoms. However, this medication will not make "stones" disappear. Patients, in addition to obvious periods of pain, can develop infectious complications (acute cholecystitis, gangrene, perforation), mechanical complications (migration of the common bile duct with the appearance of jaundice), etc. Therefore, surgical treatment is indicated at the beginning, once it is known that the patient has asymptomatic or symptomatic gallstones.
What surgical treatment options are there?
Surgery involves removal of the gallbladder (bile); of the reservoir where stones (stones) are formed. This operation can be done in two ways: laparoscopic or open.
Laparoscopy has many advantages: the operation is performed by mini incisions of a maximum of 1 cm, under the control of a miniature video camera (laparoscope) inserted in the abdomen through one of the incisions and with a long forceps and Slim specially designed for laparoscopic surgery. Recovery from laparoscopic surgery is much faster (basically, you can go home the next day), the scars are more aesthetic, the pain and suffering are considerably reduced compared to classical surgery.
Classic surgery means making an incision in the right subcostal or median area, from 12 to 15 cm, and should be reserved for cases that can not really be solved laparoscopically. Although surgery removes the same gallbladder, recovery is more difficult and postoperative pain is usually higher.
Gallstones: who is prone, what are the symptoms and treatment, article source: https://www.brighthealing.com/gallstones-who-is-prone-what-are-the-symptoms-and-treatment/
You May Also Like:
Hypoglycaemia – Causes and Symptoms
Have dizziness, palpitations, tremors, fainting, headache, hunger, sweating, change of mood, does it become aggressive? These are some of the symptoms that induce a
Super foods that naturally cleanse your liver
Our livers work extremely hard every day to protect us from the adverse effects of toxins and, often, it is easy for our livers
Diet of gallstones after surgery (removal of bile) or (cholecystectomy)
Surgery to remove the gallbladder may be followed by several problems, which doctors call "post-cholecystectomy syndrome." The most common symptoms are pain in the
Symptoms and treatment of hypothermia
Hypothermia is a decrease in body temperature to 35 degrees C or less, and can be fatal if it is not quickly detected and
The evidence is strong. Cancer can be cured with this simple juice
You will be surprised to discover that some people have cured cancers at an advanced stage with only the intense consumption of carrot juice.
Photophobia or sensitivity of the eyes to light
The sun's rays in summer are a real burden for each one of us. Mirrors, glass, windows that reflect sunlight attack us at every
Heart failure and effects on life
Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle does not pump enough blood into the arteries, as the body needs it. The disease can be
Gastritis, Ulcers and Natural Medicines
Gastritis and peptic ulcer are triggered or relapsed in at least one in six people, and this occurs mainly during the spring. Why? Due
Eye fatigue: a symptom of modern lifestyle
A common symptom today, when the computer has become a necessity of modern society, is eye fatigue, often accompanied by tearing or difficulty reading.
Gout (gouty arthritis): causes, symptoms, treatment and diet
Gout is a type of arthritis. It can cause a sudden onset of pain, stiffness and swelling in a joint, usually a big toe.