Gallic acid: uses, facts, health benefits, side effects and food sources

Filed in: Nutrients.

Gallic acid: uses, facts, health benefits, side effects and food sources

Gallic acid, chemical formula – C6H2 (OH) 3CO2H – is an acid found in many plants and acts as an antioxidant, helping to protect our cells against oxidative damage.

Uses and facts

It is used in the pharmaceutical industry as a standard to determine the phenol content (a large group of several hundred chemicals) of several analytes by the Folin-Ciocalteau test.

In addition, it is used as a starting material in the synthesis of natural alkaloid mescaline and as an ink dye by early photographers to develop images.

When heated to 200 ° -250 ° C, the gallic acid is divided into pyrogallol (pyrogallic acid) and carbon dioxide.

Health benefits of gallic acid

Protection of neurodegenerative diseases.brain

Neurodegenerative diseases cause your brain and nerves to deteriorate over time. More importantly, they can also destroy nerves and brain tissue, and cause confusion and change your personality.

In research, it is extracted from grape seeds and has been established to inhibit the formation of amyloid fibrils (protein aggregates that form under certain conditions), one of the possible causes of Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.

Protection against free radicals.

This compound has antioxidant properties (an antioxidant is a substance that protects the body's cells from harmful free radicals) and helps protect our cells against oxidative damage.

Free radicals can be the result of stress, diet, alcohol, prescription drugs, smoking, physical exercise, inflammation or exposure to air pollutants and sunlight. They can cause significant damage to parts of cells such as DNA, proteins and cell membranes by taking their electrons through a process called oxidation.

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Anti-inflammatory properties

Inflammation is part of the body's normal immune response and, without it, we can not heal. However, chronic inflammation is not as good.

Instead of helping your body heal, it is associated with problems such as arthritis, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease and hair loss. In addition, it is believed to play an important role in heart disease, obesity and cancer.

Protection from allergensallergy

Histamine is a protein released by the body in response to an allergen (a substance such as animal dander or pollen that generates an allergic reaction because the body identifies it as risky).

Some allergic reactions are usually contained in a symptom and will not progress beyond the initial response to the release of histamines. A 2005 study concluded that this compound helped reduce inflammatory allergic reactions related to histamine exposure, making it useful for treating the symptoms of inflammatory allergies.

Strengthens the immune system.

The immune system, which is made up of proteins, cells, organs and tissues, protects us daily against microorganisms and germs.

Among the most important cells involved in the functions of the immune system are leukocytes, better known as white blood cells, which come in two main types that combine to eliminate the organisms that cause diseases.

This compound improves the activity of the immune system and also has antifungal and antiviral properties.

Heart health

heart blood pressureImage credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blood_pressure_measurement_(2009).jpg

Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune condition, puts people at increased risk of heart disease. For example, cardiovascular complications and heart attacks cause the death of three out of four patients with type 1 diabetes.

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A study conducted in 2011 at the Department of Pharmacology of the University of Nirma, India, established that supplementation with these substances is beneficial for the treatment of heart damage as a result of type 1 diabetes.

Combat cancer cellsCancer

Cancer accounts for more deaths worldwide than malaria, AIDS and tuberculosis combined.

It was found that this compound shows cytotoxicity (the quality of being toxic to the cells) against the cancer cells, without damaging the healthy cells. In studiesGrape seed extract has shown potent in vitro properties against the effectiveness of cancer against human prostate cancer cells.

Side effects

It has no negative effect In the healthy cells of our body. However, ingesting high amounts of supplements containing this substance may interfere with medications for hypertension.

Check with your health care specialist before taking any supplement if you are currently taking any medication prescribed for hypertension.

Food sources

It is free and as part of tannins, in nuts, bananas, vinegar, sumac, grapes, tea leaves, Caesalpinia mimosoides, hazel, cloves, watercress, strawberries, blue-green algae Microcystis aeruginosa, oak bark and variety of other herbs and plants.

Referenceshttps://academic.oup.com/toxsci/article/91/1/123/1672576/https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3249782/

Gallic acid: uses, facts, health benefits, side effects and food sources, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/nutrients/gallic-acid/

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