First signs of autism

Filed in: Diseases.

Autism is a brain disorder that limits a person's ability to communicate and relate to others. The disease occurs in young children, with several stages of severity.

The manifestations of the disease are different from one person to another; some live in their own universe, while others have unusual abilities. Autism spectrum disorders, which affect 1 in 88 children, are five times more frequent among boys than girls.

Early detection, ideally until 8 months of age, provides a more effective treatment designed to reduce the effects of the disorder and helps the child to develop as normally as possible.

Early signs

Autism is a spectrum of closely related conditions, with similar symptoms. Autism spectrum disorders occur in early childhood and childhood, causing delays in many basic areas of development, such as learning to walk, play or interact with others.

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<p>The signs and symptoms vary significantly, as well as their effects. Some of the autistic children have minor deficiencies, while others have more obstacles to overcome. Even so, all children on the autism spectrum have problems to some extent, in these three areas:</p>
<p>– Verbal and non-verbal communication;<br />– Networks with other people and with the environment;<br />– Thinking and adaptive behavior;</p>
<p>There are different opinions among doctors, parents and professionals about the causes of autism and the best treatment solutions. Even so, opinions agree on a common point: early and intensive intervention contributes significantly to reversing the effects.</p>
<p>Before the age of three, a series of early symptoms of autism can be detected. Some children develop normally until 18-24 months, then they can lose many of their learning acquisitions. At this point, the following symptoms may occur:</p>
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Repetitive movements (swinging or moving in a circle); Avoid eye contact or touching; Delays in speech; Repeat words or phrases (echolalia); Irritation states occurred due to small changes.

Symptoms in the first year of life.

Even babies are usually interested in socializing, therefore, symptoms are noticed in the first year of life, evaluating how babies interact with the environment. At this age, a child with an autism spectrum disorder can:

It does not react to the mother's voice; They do not answer when they hear his name; He does not look in the eyes of others; Not pointing with your finger; Does not smile and does not respond to stimuli transmitted by others; It does not follow the objects visually.

However, some babies who do not have autism can have the same symptoms, so it is necessary to consult a doctor to establish the exact cause of the child's behavior.

Symptoms in the second year of life.

In the second year of life, the symptoms of autism become more noticeable. While other children, who are already beginning to show the first words and things they want, a child with autism stays away from these natural behaviors. The specific signs of autism at this age are:

No words spoken up to 16 months; There are no imitation games at 18 months; No sentence of at least two words up to 24 months; Loss of speech acquisition; Lack of interest in the things that adults show; Lack of desire to attract attention; Lack of affection; There is no intention to respond when help is required.

Symptoms in older children

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As they grow older, more and more children transmit warning signals indicating the presence of autism spectrum disorders. In general, the clues lead to a lack of social skills, speech and language difficulties, difficulty in communicating non-verbally and inflexible behavior. It consists of the following symptoms:

Disinterest or detachment for what is happening; Inability to play, make friends and interact with other children; Hostility at the gesture of being touched, held or consoled in his arms; Lack of desire to imitate adults, to participate in group activities and to use toys creatively; Difficult to understand and talk about feelings; It does not react when someone shouts / pronounces his name; Speaking with a non-natural tone of voice, in a strange rhythm (concluding in an interrogative tone); Continuous repetition of words and phrases; Incorrect use of language (grammatical errors, distorted words, etc.). Reference to yourself by the third person; Difficulty to express wants and needs; Inability to understand simple questions, statements or orientations; Compilation of all information in the proper sense (inability to perceive humor, irony and sarcasm).

Affected children may experience physical symptoms, such as chronic digestive disorders (constipation) or sleep disorders. You may also have large uncoordinated muscles that are used for running or climbing, and small muscles (upper extremities). One third of children with autism show episodes of seizures.

Currently, there is no special medical test to detect autism spectrum disorders, but a medical examination may be useful to exclude other possible causes of symptoms such as vision loss, speech defects, lead poisoning and other developmental disorders that do not have relationship with autism. Stop

First signs of autism, source of the article: https://www.brighthealing.com/first-signs-of-autism/

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