Figs (Anjeer) – Nutrition facts, uses, health benefits, side effects

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Figs (Anjeer) - Nutrition facts, uses, health benefits, side effects

For centuries, figs (also known as anjeer) have been used to treat disorders such as hemorrhoids and diabetes, along with respiratory, liver and urinary diseases. Many of its active compounds show great potential in the fight against these and other infections. When dried, fruits have the highest concentration of antioxidant polyphenols in all dried fruits.

The common fig tree (scientific name Ficus carica, from the Moraceae family) is native to southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean and is one of the first plants that were cultivated by humans. It grows wild in sunny and dry areas, with deep and fresh soil, but also in rocky areas, from sea level to 1,700 meters.

Remains of figs have been found in the excavations of sites traced back to at least 5,000 a. C. These fruits played an important role in the diet of the ancient Romans and Greeks. Plato wrote that the Greek athletes in Olympia were fed with these fruits to improve their performance and strength in general. In Rome, this tree was considered an emblem of the future prosperity of the race.

Nutritional information

It contains various phytochemicals, including polyphenols such as gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, syringe acid, vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C, E, K, minerals: calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, zinc and potassium.

Uses and health benefits of figs (anjeer)

Anti-inflammatory activity

Due to the high levels of another flavonoid, called luteolin, the fruits They have very specific anti-inflammatory actions in the body. Luteolin is considered by some to be a super nutrient since it helps reduce inflammation and promotes nerve and muscle function.

Luteolin is a natural antioxidant with little prooxidant potential than the flavonoid quercetin most studied, but apparently with a better safety profile. In addition, the observations propose that luteolin could be an agent against cancer for different types of cancer. In addition, recent epidemiological studies have proven a luteolin cancer prevention property. (one)

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During pregnancy

They are very high in iron, a mineral that represents an important part of hemoglobin, the compound in the blood that carries oxygen throughout the body. Iron also carries oxygen in the muscles, helping them to function properly.

In addition, it helps increase your resistance to disease and stress. Therefore, it is important to consume more iron during pregnancy to make sure that you and your baby get enough oxygen and to avoid the symptoms of weakness, tiredness, irritability and depression.

Digestion and weight loss

These fruits are high in both insoluble and soluble fiber. Soluble fiber helps slow down digestion. This helps you feel full longer and is one of the reasons why dietary fiber can also help control weight. In addition, it is good for soothing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The insoluble fiber provides the necessary volume to help clean the large intestine and eliminate waste easily, reducing incidences of constipation.

Therefore, naturally high in dietary fiber, anjeer can be a useful food To include those who care for their weight in the diet. These amazing fruits also contain prebiotics, the fuel for good bacteria, which helps to build a healthy microbiome, our defense system against the toxins we find in poor quality tap water, the environment and yeast and common viruses or other types of mushrooms.

Low blood pressure

They are a good source of potassium. A diet that includes natural Potassium sources are essential to control blood pressure, since potassium decreases the effects of sodium. In our body, potassium is found mainly inside cells.

Potassium plays an important role in the whole body and is involved in the same functions as sodium, but with a complementary role and the balance between the two elements is crucial. The best sources of potassium are fresh foods with limited processing because processing can affect the potassium balance. On the other hand, raw foods are naturally low in sodium and processed foods are our main dietary source of sodium.

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Macular degeneration

Another great health benefit Of the figs is that they help fight macular degeneration. Macular degeneration is a medical condition that can result in blurred or non-visual vision in the center of the visual field. It occurs more frequently in people over 50 and in the USA. UU It is the most common cause of vision loss in this age group. It has been proven that eating figs regularly is a good way to slow or stop the onset of macular degeneration.

Healthy skin

Eating figs can contribute to healthy skin. It has an anti-inflammatory effect and can be applied to the skin in lotions and exfoliants to reduce inflammation and redness of the skin. A 2014 study, which aimed to investigate the effects of a cream containing Ficus carica fruit extract on various skin parameters, concluded that a stable topical cream containing F. carica fruit extract has an effect on the loss epidermal, the melanin of the skin and the hydration values. and sebum content. (two)

Prevention of type 2 diabetes

Some evidence also suggests that the leaves of Ficus carica could help regulate the symptoms of diabetes. A 2003 study concluded that fig extract can help treat diabetes by normalizing levels of fatty acids in blood and vitamin E. (3) Another study in 1998 showed that supplementation with Ficus carica reduced postprandial glycaemia. (4)

Side effects of figs.

Excessive consumption can cause diarrhea or loose stools.

References one, two, 3, 4

Figs (Anjeer): nutritional information, uses, health benefits, side effects, Source:

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