The bean or bean (scientific name Vicia faba) is a member of the Fabaceae family, the third largest family of terrestrial plants in terms of several species. Like the edamame, Vicia faba is grown for its fruit.
the plant It is a small annual herb with erect stems and pink-white flowers that grow to a height of six feet. It is popular in Mediterranean cuisine, with many summer dishes that celebrate the seasonal bean, although they are also dried for winter.
Other common names: horse beans, field bean, tick bean, Windsor bean, bell bean, English bean or pigeon bean.
These beans have a long tradition of farming in the Old World, being among the most old plants In cultivation and also among the easiest to grow.
Along with peas, lentils and chickpeas, it is considered that they have become part of the Eastern Mediterranean diet around 6,000 BC or earlier.
Today, they are grown in more than 50 countries, and China accounts for a large fraction of world production.
Like all other legumes, beans are rich in fiber (providing 9 g per 1/4 cup) and protein. They also contain high amounts of minerals such as copper, iron, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, manganese, magnesium and potassium, vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9 (folate), C, E and K.
Benefits for the health of beans (beans)
They are good sources of B vitamins, which play an important role in the prevention of heart disease.
Researchers in Japan found that eating more foods that contain B vitamins may reduce the risk of heart failure in men and reduce the risk of death from stroke and heart disease in women. (one)
In addition, these beans are rich in plant sterols and phytonutrients, which have been shown to correlate directly with health promotion and disease prevention.
Beneficial during pregnancy
Pregnant women need calcium and iron. Beans are a good food that a woman can enjoy during breastfeeding and pregnancy.
While beans satisfy about 14 percent of the iron, they are also known to produce the proper amount of Ca (calcium). The constipation experienced during pregnancy is also kept at bay, since these grains are loaded with soluble fiber.
High protein meal
Proteins are part of every cell, tissue and organ in our bodies. These proteins are always in the process of being decomposed and replaced. One cup of beans contains 12.9 g of protein, which is 26% of the recommended daily value.
Help fight depression
According to studies, beans, filled with the amino acid dopamine, can do wonders to improve your mood and, therefore, help relieve depressive conditions.
The amino acids phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan and methionine are useful for treating depression.
These beans contain L-dopa, a precursor of neurochemicals in the brain, such as dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine. Dopamine in the brain is related to the proper functioning of body movements.
Therefore, the consumption of adequate amounts of beans in the daily diet can help prevent Parkinson's disease and dystonia disorders sensitive to dopamine.
In a study conducted by the Department of Neurology, Israel stated that the ingestion of Vicia faba produces a substantial increase in plasma levels of L-dopa. (two)
Strengthens the immune system.
Copper is the third most prevalent mineral in the physical body, however, it can not be produced by the body itself and must be obtained through nutrition.
This mineral is essential for bone strength, infant growth, iron transport, maturation of red and white blood cells, metabolism of glucose and cholesterol, brain development and contraction of the heart muscle.
In addition, it is also known that it helps in the production of new cells and improves your immune system. A deficiency in this mineral can lead to osteoporosis, an increased risk of infection, compromised growth and impaired neurological function.
One cup of these beans contains 49 percent of the recommended daily value of copper.
Support bone health
Manganese, a trace element that is present in the human body in very small amounts, is an active component of the manganese superoxide dismutase enzyme, which is required for the proper absorption of nutrients, the functioning of enzymes, the development of bones in the body and wound healing.
More importantly, manganese can help reduce bone loss, especially in older, sedentary women who are more inclined to bone fractures.
One cup of these beans contains 31 percent of the recommended daily value of manganese.
Good to lose weight
They are a great loss of weight. food Since they are low in calories, but high in dietary fiber. One cup of cooked beans contains only 187 calories, but they provide 36 percent of your daily fiber requirement.
Side effects of beans (beans)
Raw beans contain the alkaloids – convicine and vicine, which can induce hemolytic anemia in patients with the hereditary condition glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.
G6PD: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase is a cytoplasmic enzyme that is distributed in all cells.
Symptoms are vomiting, bloody urine, dizziness or even jaundice. This condition is called favism, it is produced on the basis of a congenital defect and must be treated in time. Your doctor may perform a blood test to determine G6PD to determine if you are at risk.
Beans are rich in tyramine, therefore, people who take monoamine oxidase inhibitors should be avoided.
In addition, the plant contains levodopa, which interferes with your body's ability to metabolize vitamin B6. The high amounts of levodopa contained in these beans can result in a deficiency of vitamin B6.
Facts about the nutrition of beans (beans), health benefits, side effects, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/medicinal-plants/broad-bean-health-benefits-side-effects/
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