The study showed that individuals with a large number of genetic markers had an almost six-fold increased risk of developing glaucoma compared to someone who had fewer genetic variants, the Xinhua news agency reported.
Australian researchers have identified 40 new genetic markers that increase a person's risk of developing glaucoma, a finding that can lead to improvements in diagnoses and treatment of the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.
A person's risk of developing glaucoma, which damages the optic nerve and leads to a gradual loss of peripheral vision, increases with age, but the high eye pressure commonly associated with glaucoma can be treated with medication and even surgery.
"The discovery of these previously unknown genetic markers for glaucoma will be important to improve our ability to assess and predict the risk of a person's disease," Stuart MacGregor, an associate professor at the Berghofer Medical Research Institute QIMR, said in a statement.
"Although a predictive test for glaucoma is not yet available, our discovery is very promising.
"If we can identify who is most at risk of developing glaucoma as soon as possible, we can make sure these people receive the preventive treatment they need to prevent them from becoming blind as they age," MacGregor said.
The results were published in the journal Nature Genetics.
For the study, the team covered more than 134,000 people linked to fluid pressure in the eye, a condition known as intraocular pressure, commonly associated with an increased risk of developing glaucoma.
According to studies, in 2013, an estimated 64.3 million people worldwide had the disease, increasing to 76 million in 2020 and 111.8 million in 2040.
While there is currently no cure for the disease, early detection through detection can slow or significantly slow its progression.
The findings dramatically increased the current understanding of which genes caused glaucoma and high eye pressure, the researchers noted.
Image source: Shutterstock
Reference: https://www.thehealthsite.com/news/all-you-need-to-know-about-these-40-novel-genetic-markers-for-glaucoma-ag0718/, by agencies
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