Everything you need to know about flat feet

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"The human foot is a masterpiece of engineering and a work of art."

-Leonardo da Vinci

26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments and 19 muscles work together to balance the entire body. It is not surprising that this great artist has named it as a masterpiece. ¼ of all the bones in the human body They are on the feet.

Being in the kitchen to cook, walk to buy vegetables, practice any kind of sport or dance, we can do all these activities thanks to our feet. Healthy feet are the key to an active lifestyle. Human feet are designed to walk on natural surfaces such as soil and sand, but instead, we are walking on hard surfaces such as pavements, marbles. That is why the incidence of foot problems is increasing.

At least 80% of the general population has foot problems. Of all the flat feet is the most common and unnoticed problem. If it is not diagnosed at the right age, it can lead to serious complications in the future.

I receive many patients who say: "My physiotherapist told me that I have flat feet and my GP says that I do not have flat feet, I do not know what exactly flat feet means".


We have a small gap in the inner side of the feet when we are standing, when this gap is not there, it is called flat feet. All are born with flat feet, when a child begins to walk, his bow begins to develop. The first five years of age are crucial for the development of the arch.


All the joints of our body work together. As the feet are the basis of our body, it affects the whole posture.


Laxity of the ligament Muscle weakness / hypotonia of the muscles. Fracture / trauma around the ankle joint that can cause tendon injuries Family history


Tired and tired legs Heel pain, knee pain and back pain Recurrent ankle sprain (poor balance) Early osteoarthritis of the joints Corn and corns etc.


Orthotics: Tailored orthosis is the main treatment line for flat feet. People always try to get some orthotics and, of course, it does not help with their problem. Orthopedic correction should be based on many variables, such as the severity of the flat feet, age, weight, alignment of the lifestyle of the proximal joints, etc. Therefore, it is not advisable to have elements of the platform. The podiatrist is a suitable person to prescribe orthopedics. Podiatry is a branch of medicine specializing in ankle and foot problems. The pediatrician will perform a thorough evaluation of your alignment, diagnose the problem and then provide a customized solution for it. Support shoes: The person with flat feet should wear shoes with firm control of the ankle. The sports shoes are the best. In many brands there is an option of anti-pronator shoes. Exercise: To strengthen the muscles of the feet and ankles. Maintain the ideal body weight.

Read the full article "Everything you need to know about flat feet" written by Dr. Sarika Jambhulkar (PT) on Practo.com here: https://www.practo.com/healthfeed/all-you-need-to – know-about-flat-feet-376 / post

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