It is the brand name of a drug called dimenhydrinate, which belongs to a group of drugs known as H1 antagonists. It works by calming the nerves in the middle ear, which are responsible for stability, as well as blocking the activation zone in the brain, which is responsible for vomiting and nausea.
The medication was originally approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. UU In 1949. Currently, it is produced by Prestige Brands Holdings, Inc., a US company that markets and distributes household cleaning products and OTC health products.
This over-the-counter medication is usually used to treat the symptoms of dizziness, such as vomiting, nausea, and dizziness.
Movement sickness is a condition that most commonly affects pregnant women, children 2 to 12 years old, and people prone to migraines.
Vomiting and nausea are the most common symptoms caused by motion sickness. In addition, it can cause headaches, cold sweats and pain, or you may be sleepy or have more saliva.
The medication comes in a tablet form, but can also be purchased as a tablet or chewable liquid.
For children 2 years old or older, the usual recommended dose is 15 to 25 mg every 6 to 8 hours. For adults, the usual recommended dose is 50 to 100 mg taken from 4 to 6 hours or as needed.
Note: must not be administered to children under 1 year.
Side effects and precautions of Dimenhydrinate
Common side effects may include:
dry nose, mouth or throat; drowsiness; feeling excited or restless (especially in children); blurry vision; constipation.
Rare side effects may include:
little or no urination; fast or irregular heartbeat; a seizure (convulsions); humor changes; tremors Confusion.
This histamine antagonist may interact negatively with other medications, especially:
muscle relaxants; sodium oxybate; belladonna alkaloids; MAO inhibitors, such as – isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), methylene blue (Urolene blue), or linezolid (Zyvox); Scopolamine (Transderm-Scop); narcotic analgesics, such as codeine; amitriptyline (Elavil); antibiotics, such as vancomycin (vancocin) and gentamicin (garamycin); alprazolam (Niravam or Xanax); antispasmodics, such as atropine (Atreza, Sal-Tropine); zolpidem (Intermezzo, Zolpimist, Ambien); medications that treat Parkinson's disease, such as trihexyphenidyl (Artane and Trihexane) or benztropine (Cogentin); trazodone (oleptro); carbamazepine (Tegretol, Carbatrol, Equetro); risperidone (Risperdal); Chlorpromazine (Thorazine); diazepam (diastat or valium).
To make sure this medication is safe for you, tell your health care provider if you have any of the following health problems:
Sleep apnea; asthma; porphyrias (rare genetic disorders that cause part of your hemoglobin not to occur correctly); Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD); obstructions in the intestines, stomach or urinary tract; emphysema; enlargement of the prostate; chronic bronchitis; high blood pressure; shortness of breath uneven heartbeat; lung disease; heart disease; Difficulty urinating; glaucoma; Diabetes mellitus type 2; ulcers.
It is the brand name of a generic medication called diphenhydramine, a potent antihistamine that can be used to help you relax and fall asleep, as well as to relieve allergy symptoms, the common cold, and hay fever (a form of inflammation in the nose). which occurs when the immune system overreacts to allergens).
It works by blocking the effects of histamine, a natural compound that is released by the body.
This antihistamine is used to suppress cough, to treat motion sickness, to induce sleep, and to treat mild forms of Parkinson's disease. In addition, it is used to treat rashes, hives, itching, runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes and other signs and symptoms of seasonal allergies or throughout the year.
The recommended dose is 25-50 mg every 4-6 hours. Its use is not recommended in children under 6 years. The maximum recommended dose should not exceed 400 mg per day.
Common side effects It can include:
Stomach ache; fatigue; blurry vision; drowsiness; loss of appetite; disturbed coordination; constipation headaches; tremor; fatigue; enlarged prostate; drowsiness; Difficulty urinating; dizziness; dry mouth; double vision; nausea.
Before using this antihistamine, tell your doctor if you have:
glaucoma; an allergy to diphenhydramine; a colostomy or ileostomy; a stomach ulcer liver disease; increased pressure in the eye; obstruction of the bladder; an overactive thyroid; low blood pressure; obstruction in your digestive tract; heart disease; kidney disease; a cough caused by emphysema; an enlarged prostate; asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,
This antihistamine can interact with:
monoamine oxidase inhibitors; any other drug that makes you feel drowsy, sleepy or relaxed; antidepressants; prednisolone acetate; Potassium supplements, which include: Epiklor, Cytra, Urocit-K, K-Phos, Kaon and Polycitra; drugs for anxiety or sleep; allergy medications; faslodex; over-the-counter cold medications.
This drug It can also have addictive effects, especially for people who use it in the long term.
Do not drink alcohol while using this antihistamine, as alcohol can increase the risk of side effects, especially drowsiness and dizziness.
Pregnancy and lactation
There are no clinical studies on the safe use of this medication during pregnancy, therefore, contact your doctor before using this antihistamine medication if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
In addition, it can pass into breast milk and can affect the baby in a negative way, therefore, avoid the medication if you are breastfeeding.
Dramamine vs Benadryl (diphenhydramine) – What is the best medicine for motion sickness?
Dramamine (active ingredient – dimenhydrinate) is an antihistamine that reduces the effects of histamine, a natural chemical in the body. It is used to treat or prevent vomiting, nausea, and dizziness associated with motion sickness.
Benadryl (active ingredient – diphenhydramine) is a first generation antihistamine medication. It is effective in treating the symptoms of mild allergy and the common cold, as well as sneezing, runny nose, hives and itching.
Both antihistamines can be used for motion sickness, but Benadryl is the most commonly used for allergic reactions and Dramamine is commonly used for motion sickness. To get the best results, take it between 30 and 60 minutes before exposure to the triggers of motion sickness.
Dramamine vs Benadryl (Diphenhydramine) – What is the best medicine for motion sickness?, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/dramamine-vs-benadryl/
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