Moles are harmless, but sometimes they can also indicate a cancerous growth
Moles are small patches of skin color formed by cells called melanocytes, which produce the color (pigment) in your skin. The moles are usually brown, although some may be darker or skin-colored. They can be flat or raised, smooth or rough, and some have hairs that grow on them. The moles are usually circular or oval with a smooth edge. here Dr. Anup Dhir, Senior Consultant, Aesthetic Surgeon, Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, Tells us everything you need to know about moles.
Do the moles leave alone as they appear?
Moles can change in number and appearance. Some fade over time, often without you noticing. Sometimes, they also respond to hormonal changes, for example, during pregnancy, adolescence and old age. People with fair skin often have more moles than people with darker skin. You are more likely to develop many moles or a certain type of mole if they are common in your family. Most moles are completely harmless. However, they can be unsightly and affect your confidence. Moles can also be a nuisance, for example, if they are regularly attached to your clothes or if you cut them while shaving. These moles can be treated surgically, although it can be expensive. Generally, you will have to pay for a cosmetic mole treatment and it is often done in a private clinic. Ask your GP for advice on where to get treatment.
How can one get rid of moles?
If a mole is being removed because it is a nuisance, your surgeon can simply shave it so that it is level with your skin. This is known as a shaving excision. The wound can be closed with heat during a process called cauterization. You should check your skin every few months to detect new moles that develop (especially after your adolescence, when new moles become less common) or any changes in existing moles. A mole can change in weeks or months.
Things to look for include: polka dots with uneven coloration: most polka dots only have one or two colors, but melanomas have many different shades, polka dots with an irregular or irregular border: polka dots are usually circular or oval with a smooth border , bleeding, itchy, red, inflamed or crunchy moles, or moles that become much larger: most moles are not larger than the width of a pencil. Moles like this can occur anywhere on your body, but most occur on the back, legs, arms and face. If you notice any change in your moles or are concerned about them, consult your doctor. Changes in a mole can be an early indication of a type of skin cancer called melanoma.
How can you tell if a mole is cancerous?
While most moles are benign (non-cancerous), in rare cases they can become melanoma. Melanoma is a severe and aggressive form of skin cancer. Melanomas usually appear as a dark, fast-growing site where there was not one before, or a pre-existing mole that changes in size, shape, or color and bleeds, itches, or reddens.
The main treatment for melanoma is surgery, although its treatment will depend on your circumstances. If melanoma is diagnosed and treated at an early stage, surgery is usually successful, although you may need follow-up care to prevent melanoma from recurring.
Are there ways to prevent cancerous moles?
If you have many moles, it is important to be very careful in the sun. Although it is not always possible to prevent melanoma, avoiding excessive exposure to UV light can reduce the chances of developing it.
You can protect yourself from damage from the sun if you stay in the shade when the sun is strongest (between 11 am and 3 pm), cover yourself with clothes, a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses, and wear a sunscreen. high factor. (minimum SPF30) and reapply regularly, especially after swimming.
What are the best ways to get rid of moles?
There are two ways to get rid of the same thing:
Laser removal: The smaller moles can be removed with a laser treatment, which uses energy from light to break down the mole.
Hair removal Moles that protrude from the skin can simply be scraped by an aesthetic surgeon under local anesthesia. This is usually done using a scalpel, but it is relatively simple and painless. You can leave a pink mark, which will fade over time.
Image source: Shutterstock
Reference: https://www.thehealthsite.com/news/spotted-a-mole-on-your-face-here-is-everything-you-need-to-know-about-it-d0818/, by Debjani Arora