Dental images of decay, dry lace, gingivitis.

Filed in: Diseases & Conditions.

The importance of dental hygiene

A woman undergoing a dental oral health examination.

In addition to smiling, laughing and communicating, mouth and teeth They fulfill important functions in the body. The teeth and saliva break the food, which makes it easier for the stomach to process it further for absorption by the intestines. The teeth provide structural support for the face. The mouth and throat contain immune cells that help protect the body against pathogens. Taking good care of the mouth and teeth is an essential part of maintaining good health. Here is a guide to some common oral health problems and procedures.

Abscessed tooth

Periodontal abscesses involving 2 neighboring teeth. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s2-periodontal-abscesses.jpg

A dental abscess occurs when an infection raises the pulp of the tooth and settles in the root near the jaw bone and forms a swollen, pus-filled area.

Symptoms of the abscess tooth

Bad breath Fever Redness of the gums Pain Swelling

An untreated dental abscess can lead to a dangerous infection of the jaw bone and other tissues.

Dental treatment with abscesses

The treatment of a dental abscess depends on the extent of the infection. Some abscesses can be treated with antibiotics or drainage. In cases where a cavity or a cracked tooth has exposed the pulp, a root canal may be necessary to treat the abscessed tooth.

Tooth decay

(A) A small point of visible caries on the surface of a tooth. (B) The radiograph reveals an extensive demineralization region within the dentin (arrows). (C) A hole is discovered on the side of the tooth at the beginning of caries removal. (D) All caries were eliminated. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s3-tooth-decay.jpg

Cavities are areas of damaged tooth enamel that form when the acid erodes the tooth.

What causes cavities?

Bacteria are normally present in the teeth as plaque. Bacteria produce acid as a byproduct of feeding with sugar in the diet. The acid produced then erodes the enamel and exposes the dentin which, in turn, can be itchy and result in a cavity.

How to prevent and how to get rid of decay

Good dental hygiene, including brushing, flossing, and regular cleaning of teeth can help prevent cavities. The treatment of a cavity depends on the extent of dental caries. A small or superficial cavity can be treated with a filling. Larger cavities may require more extensive drilling to remove decay and then place a crown over the remaining part of the tooth. Tooth decay that extends into the dental pulp may require treatment of the root canal.

(A) A small point of visible caries on the surface of a tooth. (B) The radiograph reveals an extensive demineralization region within the dentin (arrows). (C) A hole is discovered on the side of the tooth at the beginning of caries removal. (D) All caries removed.

What is a dental crown?

Anterior and posterior image of a damaged tooth that was improved with a crown. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s4-dental-crown.jpg

A dentist crown It is a cap that is placed on a damaged tooth to strengthen it or improve its appearance. The crowns can be placed on a tooth that has a very large filling or one that is cracked. A crown can also be placed to serve as a support for a dentist. bridge. Sometimes a crown is used to disguise a badly formed or stained tooth. Dental crowns are available in a variety of materials including porcelain (ceramic), porcelain and metal, metal alloy and more.

What is a dry socket?

Dry the socket of a patient seven days after surgery to remove the tooth. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s5-dry-socket.jpg

A dry cavity is a condition that can arise after a tooth extraction if the blood clot that normally fills the cavity is lost. The dry socket exposes the underlying nerves, which is very painful.

Symptoms of the dry socket

Whitish bone instead of a blood clot where a tooth was extracted Pain that begins about two days after a tooth was extracted Severe pain that radiates to the ear Bad breath An unpleasant taste

Dry socket treatment

The condition is treated by a dentist who cleans the wound and places a special bandage on the socket. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen can be used to treat pain and decrease swelling.

What is gum disease (gingivitis)?

Gingivitis in a patient showing inflammation of the gums. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s6-gingivitis.jpg

Gum disease (gingivitis) is inflammation of the gums. It is caused by plaque-producing bacteria that accumulate in the teeth.

Symptoms of gingivitis

Bad breath. Recession of the gums. Gums painful, red, swollen and bleeding.

Severe inflammation of the gums that spreads to the bones and ligaments that support the teeth is called periodontitis and can cause tooth loss. The lack of good oral hygiene increases the risk of gingivitis. Of smoking, diabetesPregnancy, genetic factors and certain medications also increase the risk of gum disease.

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Treatment of gingivitis

Gum disease is reversible when treated in the early stages. Regular brushing, flossing, and special dental cleanings and treatments can help prevent and treat gum disease.

Dry mouth (xerostomia)

A woman with a dry mouth that touches her cracked lips. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s7-dry-mouth.jpg

Saliva lubricates teeth and other tissues in the mouth and helps protect against gum infections and diseases. Dry mouth The results of a decrease in the production of saliva.

Causes of dry mouth

Dry mouth is caused by some medical conditions or the use of certain medications. Diabetes, Sjögren's syndrome, and The hiv There are some conditions that may be associated with dry mouth.

Dry mouth can make it difficult to talk or swallow. It can also cause hoarseness or sore throat. Dry mouth increases the risk of decay.

Dry mouth treatment

Chewing sugarFree chewing gum can help improve the flow of saliva. A doctor may prescribe special aids, including artificial saliva, to combat dry mouth.

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders

A skull showing the temporomandibular joint with an illustration showing TMJ in more detail. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s8-temporomandibular-joint-tmj-disorders.jpg

TMJ disorders refer to conditions that affect the jaw joint and associated muscles. Arthritis or structural problems can cause TMJ problems. TMJ disorders can also be a symptom of another condition such as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, fibromyalgia, or stress.

Symptoms of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)

Changes in the way teeth fit.

Treatment of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)

Self-care strategies to manage ATM problems include practicing stress management, applying hot or cold packs, eating soft foods, and avoiding activities that stress the jaw such as chewing gum and opening the mouth too large to yawn. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications can help decrease pain and swelling. A health professional may recommend jaw exercises, orthodontic treatment or a night watch to treat an TMJ disorder. Many ATM problems follow a cyclical pattern and the symptoms can be resolved without treatment.

Bad Breath (Halitosis)

Illustration of the open mouth with an enlarged zoom of bacteria that lead to bad breath (halitosis). "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s9-bad-preath-halitosis. jpg

Bad breath (halitosis) can be uncomfortable and can have many potential causes.

what causes bad breath?

Diet is a potential cause of bad breath. Garlic and odoriferous onions can lead to unpleasant breath. The lack of good oral hygiene can allow bacteria to proliferate, which contributes to gum disease and bad odor of the mouth. Sometimes, bad breath is the result of another medical condition such as dry mouth, diabetes, a lung infection or other.

How to get rid of bad breath

Good oral hygiene, including brushing, flossing and regular cleaning of teeth, can help keep gum disease and bad breath at bay. Using a tongue scraper can also help. In addition, treating an underlying condition such as dry mouth or diabetes, for example, can also help eliminate bad breath.

Tooth sensitivity

A man experiences dental sensitivity while drinking ice water. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s10-tooth-sensitivity.jpg

Dental sensitivity occurs when hot, cold, sweet or sour substances irritate the nerves of the teeth.

What causes sensitive teeth?

The teeth are covered by a protective substance called enamel. Under the gum line, the protective substance is called cement. The layer under the enamel and the cement is the dentin. The dentine supports the enamel and protects the dental pulp and the nerve root in the center of the tooth. A series of small tubes (tubules) run through the dentin. Erosions in the enamel and cement allow the substances to come into contact with the tubules, which irritates the dental nerve and causes pain. Caries, gum disease, cracks in the teeth and erosion of the enamel can contribute to the sensitivity of the teeth.

How to reduce dental sensitivity

Treatments may include the use of toothpaste or fluoride gel that blocks the sensation of pain. A dentist can apply a crown or adhesive material on the sensitive area. A gum graft may be necessary to cover a sensitive area in which the gums have receded.

Wisdom teeth

X-ray of wisdom teeth impacted without disease. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s11-impacted-wisdom-teeth.jpg

Wisdom teeth are the last teeth that people acquire when they are young adults (adolescents up to the age of twenty). They are called third molars. Some people can keep their wisdom teeth if they do not cause any problems. Other times, wisdom teeth can clog other teeth, cause pain, have cavities or be associated with a gum disease or other dental problem. In these cases, extraction of the wisdom teeth can be justified.

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Judgment toothache

After removing the wisdom teeth, pain is common. There are some ways to minimize this pain.

Take the analgesic recommended by the doctor before the local anesthesia disappears and continue taking the medication if the pain persists. For mild pain, over-the-counter pain relievers such as Tylenol and ibuprofen can be taken every 4 hours. Ice bags can be applied to the side of the face where the surgery was performed for 20 minutes in a row, followed by a 10-minute rest. To reduce bleeding, it may be useful to bite a wet tea bag for one hour.

Withdrawal of wisdom teeth

Whether or not to remove the wisdom teeth depends on several factors. The recent trend has been to leave the wisdom teeth healthy and watch them. This is because the risk of surgery, which includes permanent numbness and the risk of anesthesia, may be greater than the potential good of routinely removing wisdom teeth.

Oral cancer

Early oral cancer (squamous cell carcinoma) in the mouth of a heavy smoker. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s12-oral-cancer.jpg

Oral Cancer It is cancer in and around the mouth, including the lips, the inside of the cheeks, the tongue, the palate, the floor of the mouth, the sinuses, and the throat.

Symptoms of oral cancer

Oral cancer can appear as a lump or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Red or white patches on the soft tissues of the mouth may also indicate cancer.

People are more likely to have oral cancer in their 50s or 60s. Risk factors for oral cancer include alcohol, tobacco, human papilloma virus (HPV) infection of the oral cavity and male sex. Excessive exposure to the lips in sunlight increases the risk of cancer. Eating lots of colorful fruits and vegetables lowers the risk of oral cancer. The detection and early treatment of oral cancers increases the possibility of a successful outcome.

Oral cancer treatment

Many forms of oral cancer treatment are available. They include:

Surgery Radiotherapy Hyperfractionated chemotherapy (repeated doses of radiation) Radiotherapy Hyperthermia

What is a root channel?

Step-by-step illustration of a root canal procedure. "src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s13-root-canal-procedure.jpg

A root canal is performed if tooth decay or an infection affects the dental pulp. It can also be done if a tooth is injured or damaged, either by trauma or by repeated dental procedures. Root canals can eliminate pain and save the rest of the tooth.

Root channel procedure

A root canal is a procedure in which the dental pulp and nerve are removed. Then the channels are cleaned and sealed. Many times a root canal is performed on a tooth that already has a large cavity or other damage. In these cases, a crown is placed over the remaining portion of the tooth to restore its appearance and function.

Dental implants

Dental implant model. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s14-dental-implant.jpg

Dental implants are designed to replace lost teeth.

Dental implant procedure

The process of performing dental implants involves several steps:

First, a surgeon inserts a titanium pole into the jaw.

During the next months, the bone grows around and stabilizes the implant.

Finally, a custom crown designed to blend with the surrounding teeth is placed over the implant.

If several teeth are missing, an implant can be designed to accommodate a teeth or bridge.

Toothache

A woman with a toothache who feels her tooth with her finger. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/dental-problems-s15-toothache.jpg

Toothache is commonly associated with a cavity, but many other things can cause pain in the teeth. A broken tooth, a abscessAnd gum disease can be painful. Toothache pain is sometimes "referred pain" from another area such as the paranasal sinuses. That means that the pain is felt somewhere other than where it really originates. A dentist has many tools to discover the cause of toothache.

Remedies for toothache

Rinse with salt water Over-the-counter pain medications (aspirin, ibuprofen, paracetamol) Cold compress (ice pack) Clove oil (numbs the pain) Make an appointment with your dentist

Reference: https://www.onhealth.com/content/1/dental_procedures

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