Cotton fever (CF) is a condition that is frequently associated with the use of intravenous drugs, more precisely with the use of cotton to filter drugs, such as heroin. In reality, it is caused by the bacteria that live in the cotton, not by the cotton itself.
Heroin is an opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance in the seed capsule of the Asian poppy plant. It can be a brown or white powder, or a black sticky substance. Heroin can be inhaled, inhaled, smoked or injected into a vein or muscle.
Heroin is highly addictive, both psychologically and physically, therefore, the body craves it and you feel that you can not face it without it. It is estimated that around 30 million people around the world abuse opioids. In the United States, there are more than 900,000 heroin users.
It is an infection caused by Pantoea agglomerans (when an endotoxin of the bacteria dissolves in the solution of the drug), a bacterium found in cotton plants, not in the cotton itself.
In general, these bacteria are not particularly harmful, which is why they rarely cause sepsis, unless the individual has an impaired immune system to fight infections.
Many people believe that this the infection is caused the cotton is introduced into the syringe during filtration and, subsequently, into the bloodstream of the user of the drug.
The symptoms of CF is struck quickly and commonly occurs as early as 20 minutes after using the drug. Common symptoms may include:
Headaches; difficulty breathing; abdominal pain; mild distress, muscle pain and pain; fever; nausea; leukocytosis (high white blood cell count); tremors and extreme tremors; join the pain; anxiety; tachycardia (abnormally fast heartbeat); a heart rate of 100 beats per minute or more when you are resting.
CF usually does not last more than several hours.
Some people may experience sepsis, a life-threatening illness caused by the body's response to an infection.
However, distinguishing sepsis from CF is not easy even for a doctor, since the symptoms can be very similar. Here are some signs and symptoms of sepsis:
rapid respiratory rate (> 22 breaths / minute); redness of the face; high heart rate fatigue; fever; low blood pressure (? 100 mm Hg systolic); drowsiness; altered mental status; dysfunction of one or more organs; low urine production; low body temperature; discoloration of the skin.
Home remedy and cure for cotton fever
# 1 garlic
It is an antibacterial and antifungal agent that helps the human body fight infections, as well as prevent diseases.
The allicin compound that gives garlic its strong flavor is also responsible for its superpowers to cure fever. In addition, allicin accelerates recovery and helps eliminate harmful toxins from the human body.
# 2 cold water
Soak a washcloth with tap water and then sponge areas such as the feet, armpits, groin and hands to reduce the temperature.
# 3 bathroom
Taking a bath in warm water can help reduce fever safely and gradually.
Note: do not use cold water, as it can increase body temperature.
# 4 cilantro
The seeds have numerous natural antibiotic compounds that make them a natural remedy to fight viral fever.
# 5 drinks it
When you have a fever, it is very easy to dehydrate. To prevent dehydration, drink 8 to 12 glasses of water per day or enough for the urine to turn pale.
# 6 rest
When you rest (especially in a deep sleep), the body produces white blood cells that can attack bacteria and viruses, that is precisely what you want to happen.
Sleeping also allows the brain to activate the release of hormones that stimulate the growth of new tissues.
# 7 basil
This medicinal herb is as effective as many types of antibiotics used by allopathic medicine. Its powerful healing properties will help reduce fever quickly.
# 8 dress lightly
Wear light clothing to avoid overheating that can worsen the fever. Also, keep the room cool and cover yourself with a light blanket when you rest.
# 9 Essential Oil of Sandalwood
The therapeutic and refreshing attributes of sandalwood essential oil reduce body temperature and reduce inflammation.
# 10 of ginger
You can use the ginger in the form of tea, adding 1 teaspoon of grated ginger to 1 cup of boiling water.
When to call the doctor?
Fever is the result of an immune response from the body to a foreign invader. Foreign invaders include bacteria, viruses, medicines, fungi or other toxins.
Despite what seems to be popular belief, a fever of less than 103 will not cause brain damage, and fever that occurs because of an infection will generally not overcome this unless there are other factors present. However, it is vital to know when to call a doctor. Here are some things you should look for:
have a serious medical illness, such as sickle cell anemia (a group of blood disorders that are usually inherited from a person's parents), a Heart problem, cystic fibrosisor diabetes mellitus type 2; his fever comes and goes for up to 7 days or more; has a temperature above 105 ° F (40.5 ° C) unless the temperature drops easily with the treatment; did not have urination in the last 8 hours; Your fever symptoms return after they are gone.
The usual treatment includes:
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) can be used to break a fever. For adults, 400 mg to 600 mg every 6 hours can be used as fever reducers. a prescribed course of antibiotics according to the instructions of your doctor; Acetaminophen (Tylenol) can be used to reduce fever. Adults without liver disease can take 1,000 mg every 6 hours.
Since you must use cotton as a filter, it is always a danger, but there are some precautions you can take, including:
Avoid the reuse of filters, spoons and needles of other substance users because this can lead to a considerable increase in the risk of transmission of bacterial infections. When using heat to break down heroin, allow the solution to cool before dropping the cotton. Avoid collection and soaking of used cotton filters to remove any residual products. Leave the cotton in an open pill bottle to reduce the chance of developing the toxin that produces CF. Micron filters are a good alternative to cotton filters and filter more impurities than their cotton counterparts. Therefore, it is recommended to completely avoid the use of cotton filters. Referenceshttp://www.jabfm.org/content/29/2/276.fullhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4803705/https://academic.oup.com/cid/article/61/12/1840/337912
Cotton fever: symptoms, duration, causes, sepsis, cures, home remedies, prevention, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/cotton-fever/
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