Coffee vs energy drinks – Benefits, side effects, differences

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Coffee vs energy drinks - Benefits, side effects, differences


It is a common drink produced from the beans of Coffea arabica bush. More than 80% of American adults drink at least one cup of coffee per day.


Increase mood

It is an adenosine receptor antagonist that also positively modulates the binding of dopamine (a neurotransmitter that helps control the reward and pleasure centers of the brain) to dopamine receptors by inhibiting adenosine receptors.


Regular coffee drinkers have up to an 85 percent lower risk of developing cirrhosis (an abnormal liver disorder in which there is irreversible scarring of the liver), with the most potent effects in people who drink four cups a day.

Type 2 diabetes

According to the data, people who consume the most coffee have a 45 percent lower risk of contracting Diabetes mellitus type 2, a chronic disease that affects the way the human body handles glucose (sugar).

Parkinson's disease

This drink can helps to decrease the risk of many serious diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, a neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.

Side effects

A cup of coffee has a rapid absorption with caffeine consumption To the bloodstream in about 20 minutes. In addition, caffeine will remain in the blood for more than 12 hours.

Caffeine in the human body acts as a laxative for increasing contraction In the large and small intestinal muscles. These contractions can cause the predigested food to move into the colon, which causes stomach cramps.

Regular coffee drinkers have an increased risk of mild hypertension. This, in the long run, can increase your chance of developing cardiovascular disorders. For example, according to a recent study, regular coffee consumption may increase the risk of myocardial infarction (occurs when blood flow decreases or stops in a part of the heart) in patients with mild untreated hypertension.

Caffeine also causes a more frequent need to urinate due to the fact that it increases blood flow through the kidneys and dilates blood vessels.

More importantly, studies that examined the effects of caffeine in pregnant women concluded that people who consume more than 200 mg of caffeine per day are 100% more likely to suffer a miscarriage compared to those pregnant women who did not ingest caffeine from any source (coffee). , tea, chocolate).

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Note – The amount of caffeine required to cause these side effects varies from person to person. However, people suffering from diabetes mellitus type 2, mood disorders, kidney disease, hypertension, are more prone to side effects and should limit their coffee consumption.

Energy drinks

These drinks contain a mixture of caffeine and others. Stimulants and are produced. to improve the alertness quickly. For most people, they are an alternative to coffee for an afternoon pick-up.

Energy drinks are very popular among teenagers and young adults because of their temporary benefits, which help increase alertness, physical and mental energy. For example, according to statistics, more than 30 percent of adolescents consume energy drinks once a week.

The world market for energy drinks is expected to reach 60,000 million dollars in 2021. In 2017, this market exceeded 55,000 million dollars.

Note: do not confuse energy drinks with sports drinks (such as Powerade or Gatorade), which provide energy mainly from simple carbohydrates that are transformed into glycogen and nourish your muscles. Energy drinks also include simple sugars, however, at a considerably higher concentration than sports drinks.

The ingredients

Energy drinks usually contain caffeine, along with B vitamins, ginseng, taurine, milk thistle, guarana, sugar (a 250 ml Red Bull can contains 27.5 g of sugar), high fructose corn syrup and extract of ginkgo biloba (an extract plant that has been used in China to treat many types of health diseases for centuries).

Side effects

There are some different types of energy drinks, from coffee to carbonated flavored drinks. Most of its side effects come from its high caffeine content, as well as due to the content of food additives and other stimulants (such as taurine).

All the caffeine in energy drinks is absorbed in 20 minutes, and the liver responds by putting more sugar in the bloodstream. The problem is that caffeine raises blood pressure and accelerates heart rate, therefore, people with cardiovascular problems disease This type of drinks should be avoided.

Other harmful ingredient which can be found in energy drinks is corn syrup with high fructose content, a processed sweetener produced from white cornstarch. This sweetener is strongly associated with diabetes mellitus type 2, obesity, metabolic syndrome and heart disease. In addition, HFCS contains toxins and chemicals that harm the human body.

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On the other hand, energy drinks (such as Red Bull) contain taurine, an amino acid that is important for the body. The consumption of this amino acid as a supplement can offset the natural nitrogen balance, according to the University of Utah Medical Care Center.

Coffee vs energy drinks – differences

Energy drinks can contain up to 500 mg of caffeine per drink, which is about 500 percent more than the amount of caffeine in a typical cup of coffee. Even more worrisome is that the US Food and Drug Administration. UU It does not force energy drink producers to list the amount of caffeine in their products.

In addition, there is no nutritional need to consume energy drinks and many ingredients raise serious concerns regarding their adverse effects.

Note: due to its high content of caffeine and other unhealthy ingredients, energy drinks are not recommended for children.

In conclusion, both drinks contain caffeine, but coffee has fewer side effects.

4 natural alternatives to caffeine

# 1 Ginseng

It has been shown that ginseng reduces stress and depression and can increase blood flow due to its stimulant effects. Ginseng can be consumed as a tincture, capsule or tea.

# 2 vitamin B12

Vitamin B-12 is involved in the production of red blood cells. These cells help transport oxygen throughout the human body, which also helps improve energy levels.

# 3 water

The consumption of enough water ensures that the energy of the food you eat will be used correctly throughout the day.

# 4 Ginkgo Biloba

It is used to treat circulatory diseases and asthma. In addition, Ginkgo biloba can increase general well-being, focus and even energy levels.

# 5 nutrition

Foods that can increase your energy levels Includes dates, figs, sweet potatoes, papayas, mangoes, blueberries, bananas, tamarinds, oranges, tomatoes and blackberries.


Coffee against energy drinks: benefits, side effects, differences, source:

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