Budesonide is a synthetic steroid and is part of the glucocorticoid family. It has a high topical anti-inflammatory activity.
It is used for control and prevent symptoms (especially difficulty breathing and wheezing) caused by asthma by reducing levels of inflammation and at the same time alleviates the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease outbreaks.
Only 39 percent of an inhaled dose of this the medicine is absorbed in the human body. In 1973, it was initially patented and in 1981 it was used commercially as a medicine for asthma. Currently, it is sold mainly under the Pulmicort brand.
It is used to treat numerous. terms, including – lung diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma), diseases of the intestines or intestines, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (a condition in which the human body attacks the lining of the digestive tract, causing diarrhea, pain, fever , and weight loss), and hay fever (allergic rhinitis).
It is available in pill form, inhaler, rectal form and nasal spray. The liquid for oral inhalation is used in children 12 months to 8 years of age and can be used once a day, from 1 to 4 sprays per nostril.
Oral inhalation powder is used in adults and children 6 years of age and older. It is usually used twice a day. Wash your mouth after using this medication to prevent infections.
Side effects and precautions
Common side effects It can include:
nausea; easy bruising a cold sore throat; headache; colds Diarrhea; hoarseness; fatigue; fever; dizziness; abdominal pain; urinary tract infection; Back pain; low potassium (symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure and constipation); fatigue; acne; indigestion; constipation; arthralgia (pain in the joints); flatulence; throwing up
Rare side effects It can include:
slow healing of the wound; agitation; humor changes; depression; unusual hair growth; swollen face; bruising easily; Eye sight problems; unusual tiredness
This medicine should be used with caution when:
individuals who use itraconazole or ketoconazole (medicines used to treat fungal infections); individuals who use steroid tablets or other steroids; individuals with decreased liver function; individuals suffering from tuberculosis; individuals with a lung infection; children.
Avoid using grapefruit products while using this medication, as grapefruit may interact with this medication and may increase the risk of side effects.
Note: This medication is not recommended to treat the symptoms of sudden asthma attacks. These symptoms include: wheezing, chest pain or shortness of breath.
You may interact negatively with other medications, especially:
Benadryl (diphenhydramine); Advair Diskus (fluticasone / salmeterol); Cymbalta (duloxetine); Advil (ibuprofen); formoterol; aspirin; Imodium (loperamide); Low-potency aspirin (aspirin); MiraLax (polyethylene glycol 3350); Brovana (arformoterol); Mucinex (guaifenesin); Combivent (albuterol / ipratropium); Paracetamol (paracetamol); DuoNeb (albuterol / ipratropium); Singulair (montelukast); ibuprofen; Tylenol (acetaminophen); Lasix (furosemide); Zyrtec (cetirizine); Nexium (esomeprazole); Ventolin HFA (albuterol); prednisone; Symbicort (budesonide / formoterol); Spiriva (tiotropium); ProAir HFA (albuterol).
It belongs to the family of drugs known as adrenergic bronchodilators, drugs that are inhaled through the mouth to open the bronchi of the lungs.
In addition, it is used to prevent asthma caused by physical exercise, as well as to treat respiratory distress and wheezing caused by respiratory problems (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma).
Albuterol is actually the generic form of brand-name drugs ProAir, Proventil and Ventolin.
It is usually used to treat and prevent wheezing, coughing, difficulty breathing, tightness in the chest and shortness of breath, caused by lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, a group of diseases that affect the lungs and the airways.
It is presented as a syrup, a tablet and a prolonged-release tablet that can be taken orally.
The usual dose of the inhalation form is 2 inhalations every 4 to 6 hours. Syrup and tablets are usually taken 3 or 4 times a day. Finally, prolonged-release tablets are usually taken once every 12 hours.
To prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm, it is recommended to use 2 puffs 15 to 30 minutes before starting the physical exercise session. The effects should last from 4 to 6 hours.
Side effects and precautions
Side effects may include:
chest tightness; headache; problems swallowing; dizziness; difficult breathing; problems sleeping; acne; hoarseness; difficulty breathing; throat pain irregular breathing; nasal congestion; redness of the skin; nausea; Stomach problems; noisy breathing; vomiting swelling of the eyelids, face, tongue, lips, throat, hands, feet or legs; Diarrhea; Muscle pain; dry mouth.
Pregnancy and lactation
There are no conclusive clinical studies on whether this medication passes into breast milk. Therefore, it is recommended to talk with your health care provider before breast-feeding while using this medication. There is also no data on pregnant women.
Budesonide vs Albuterol – What is the best medicine for asthma?
Budesonide is a synthetic glucocorticoid steroid related to the hormone hydrocortisone or natural cortisol produced by the adrenal glands.
It is usually used to help prevent asthma symptoms. When used every day, this medication decreases the amount and severity of asthma attacks, however, it will not alleviate an asthma attack that has already begun.
Albuterol is a fast-acting bronchodilator that is often used today. If there is a medication that most patients with asthma should have on board, it is probably number one. It has a duration of action of approximately 4 to 5 hours, however, it begins to act within 10 minutes.
Albuterol can only work for people whose asthma only occasionally becomes inflamed, especially when they practice physical exercise or encounter allergen triggers.
For this reason, this medication is recommended for use before any physical exercise session to prevent asthma induced by exercise. It can control the symptoms of lung disease and asthma, but it does not cure them.
Important note – Albuterol is not recommended for repeated use. If you have to use it frequently to control asthma symptoms or if you use it two days every seven days to relieve symptoms, your asthma is not well controlled.
In conclusion, budesonide is used as a long-term treatment for asthma, and albuterol is used to prevent outbreaks before exercise.
Budesonide vs Albuterol – What is the best medicine for asthma?, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/budesonide-vs-albuterol/
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