What is an equilibrium disorder?
A balance disorder is a condition that makes you feel unsteady or dizzy, as if you were moving, turning or floating, even if you were standing or lying down. Balance disorders can be caused by certain health conditions, medications, or a problem in the inner ear or brain.
What is the vestibular system and how does it work?
The medical term for all parts of the inner ear involved with balance is known as the vestibular system. It controls our sense of balance, posture, orientation of the body in space, locomotion and other movements; and keeps the objects in visual focus while the body moves. The vestibular system works with other sensory systems in the body, for example, the eyes, bones and joints, to verify and maintain the position of the body at rest and in movement.
What is the labyrinth?
Our sense of balance is mainly controlled by a structure similar to a labyrinth in the inner ear called a labyrinth, which is made of bone and soft tissue. The semicircular canals and otolithic organs within the labyrinth help maintain our balance. The cochlea inside the labyrinth allows us to listen.
What are the symptoms of an upset disorder?
Some of the common symptoms of an upset disorder include:
Dizziness or vertigo Fall or sensation of falling Dizziness, fainting or floating sensation Blurred vision Confusion or disorientation Nausea and vomiting Diarrhea Changes in blood pressure and panic anxiety fear heart rate
The symptoms may appear and disappear in short periods of time, or last longer.
What causes an upset disorder?
A balance disorder can be caused by viruses or bacterial infections in the ear, head injuries or disorders of blood circulation that affect the inner ear or brain. Many people experience problems with their sense of balance as they get older. Balance problems and dizziness can also result from taking certain medications. Problems in the nervous and circulatory systems can be the source of some problems of posture and balance. Problems in the skeletal or visual systems, such as arthritis or imbalance of the eye muscles, can also cause balance problems. However, many balance disorders can start very suddenly without obvious cause.
What are the types of balance disorders?
There are more than a dozen types of balance disorders. Some of the most common include:
Benign Vertigo Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (VPPP) Labyrinthitis Meniere's Disease Vestibular Neronitis Fistula of Perilinfoma Disorder Disease Syndrome (SDDS)
Vertigo is an abnormal sensation that a person describes as a sensation that it is spinning or that the world revolves around it; and may be accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting. This feeling may be associated with loss of balance to the point that the person walks unsteady or falls. Vertigo itself is a symptom or indicator of an underlying balance problem, whether in the labyrinth of the inner ear or in the cerebellum of the brain.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) or positional vertigo is a brief and intense episode of vertigo that occurs due to a specific change in the position of the head. A person may also experience BPPV when he turns in bed. BPPV can sometimes result from a head injury or aging.
Labyrinthitis is an infection or inflammation of the inner ear that causes dizziness and loss of balance. It is often associated with a infection of the upper respiratory tract like the flu.
Ménière's disease is associated with a change in the volume of fluid within the parts of the labyrinth, one of the structures of the inner ear. Ménière's disease causes episodes of vertigo, irregular hearing loss, tinnitus (a buzzing or buzzing in the ear) and a feeling of fullness in the ear. The cause of Ménèire's disease is unknown.
Vestibular neuronitis is an inflammation of the vestibular nerve and can be caused by a virus. Vestibular neuronitis is a paroxysmal attack of severe vertigo. It affects young and middle-aged adults, and often follows a non-specific upper respiratory infection.
The perilymph fistula is a leak of fluid from the inner ear to the middle ear. It can occur after a head injury, drastic changes in atmospheric pressure (such as during diving), physical exertion, ear or chronic surgery. Ear infections. Its most notable symptom, in addition to dizziness and nausea, is the instability when walking or standing, which increases with activity and decreases with rest. Some babies may be born with perilymph fistula, usually in association with hearing loss that is present at birth.
Movement sickness, sometimes referred to as sea sickness or automobile disease, is a very common alteration of the inner ear caused by repeated movements, such as sea swell, the movement of a car or the movement of turbulent air in an airplane. . The symptoms of motion sickness are nausea, vomiting, dizziness, perspiration, and a feeling of discomfort. These symptoms arise from the inner ear (labyrinth) due to changes in the sense of balance and balance.
Disorder Malfunction Syndrome (MdDS)
Dislocation syndrome (MdDS) is a balance disorder in which a person feels that they are rocking or shaking continuously. It usually occurs after an ocean cruise or another trip by sea. Usually, symptoms will resolve within hours or days after the person arrives on the ground. However, serious cases can last for months or even years.
How is an upset disorder diagnosed?
The diagnosis of a balance disorder is difficult. There are many potential causes, including medical conditions and medications. To help assess a balance problem, a doctor may suggest that the patient visit an otolaryngologist (a doctor and surgeon who specializes in the ear, nose, and throat). The otolaryngologist may order a hearing test, blood test, an electron microstagram (which measures eye movements and the muscles that control them) or imaging studies of the head and brain. Another possible test is called posturography. For this test, the patient stands on a special mobile platform in front of a patterned screen. The doctor measures how the patient's body moves in response to the movement of the platform, the modeled screen, or both.
How is an upset disorder treated?
The first thing a doctor will do to treat a balance disorder is to determine if the patient's dizziness is caused by a medical condition or medication. If so, the doctor will treat the condition or suggest a different medication for the patient.
The treatment for the different types of balance disorders described above will depend on the specific balance disorder. Some treatment options include medications, vestibular rehabilitation therapy, head; body; and exercises for the eyes, and modifications to household accessories to make them safer (for example, handrails in the home).
How can I know if I have a balance disorder?
Everyone has a dizzy spell from time to time, but the term "seasickness" may mean something different for different people. For some people, dizziness can be a fleeting sensation of spinning, while for others it is intense and lasts a long time. Experts believe that more than four in 10 Americans will experience an episode of dizziness significant enough to seek medical attention.
To help you decide whether or not to seek medical help for a period of dizziness, ask yourself the following questions. If you answer "yes" to any of these questions, talk to your doctor.
How can I help my doctor make a diagnosis?
You can help your doctor make a diagnosis and determine a treatment plan by answering these questions. Be prepared to discuss this information during your appointment.
At your appointment, take a minute to write down the instructions your doctor has given you. Be sure to ask any questions you have before leaving the office.
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