Balance disorders: vertigo, movement disease, labyrinthitis and more

Filed in: Diseases & Conditions.

What is an equilibrium disorder?

A woman tries to stay balanced while walking on a path.

A balance disorder is a condition that makes you feel unsteady or dizzy, as if you were moving, turning or floating, even if you were standing or lying down. Balance disorders can be caused by certain health conditions, medications, or a problem in the inner ear or brain.

What is the vestibular system and how does it work?

A diagram of the external, middle and inner ear. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s2-illustration-of-inner-ear-anatomy.jpg

The medical term for all parts of the inner ear involved with balance is known as the vestibular system. It controls our sense of balance, posture, orientation of the body in space, locomotion and other movements; and keeps the objects in visual focus while the body moves. The vestibular system works with other sensory systems in the body, for example, the eyes, bones and joints, to verify and maintain the position of the body at rest and in movement.

What is the labyrinth?

A man is stabilized with a cane. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s3-photo-of-man-walking-with-cane.jpg

Our sense of balance is mainly controlled by a structure similar to a labyrinth in the inner ear called a labyrinth, which is made of bone and soft tissue. The semicircular canals and otolithic organs within the labyrinth help maintain our balance. The cochlea inside the labyrinth allows us to listen.

What are the symptoms of an upset disorder?

What are the symptoms of an upset disorder? "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s4-illustration-of-balance-disorder-symptoms.jpg

Some of the common symptoms of an upset disorder include:

Dizziness or vertigo Fall or sensation of falling Dizziness, fainting or floating sensation Blurred vision Confusion or disorientation Nausea and vomiting Diarrhea Changes in blood pressure and panic anxiety fear heart rate

The symptoms may appear and disappear in short periods of time, or last longer.

What causes an upset disorder?

Some examples of the causes of balance disorders include ear infections, head injuries, medications, aging and more. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s5 -photo- of-doctor-and-patient.jpg

A balance disorder can be caused by viruses or bacterial infections in the ear, head injuries or disorders of blood circulation that affect the inner ear or brain. Many people experience problems with their sense of balance as they get older. Balance problems and dizziness can also result from taking certain medications. Problems in the nervous and circulatory systems can be the source of some problems of posture and balance. Problems in the skeletal or visual systems, such as arthritis or imbalance of the eye muscles, can also cause balance problems. However, many balance disorders can start very suddenly without obvious cause.

What are the types of balance disorders?

A list of common types of balance disorders. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s6-common-types-of-balance-disorders.jpg

There are more than a dozen types of balance disorders. Some of the most common include:

Benign Vertigo Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (VPPP) Labyrinthitis Meniere's Disease Vestibular Neronitis Fistula of Perilinfoma Disorder Disease Syndrome (SDDS)

Vertigo

Vertigo is an hallucination of movement that in most cases involves a disorder of the inner ear or vestibular system. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s7-photo-of-forest .jpg

Vertigo is an abnormal sensation that a person describes as a sensation that it is spinning or that the world revolves around it; and may be accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting. This feeling may be associated with loss of balance to the point that the person walks unsteady or falls. Vertigo itself is a symptom or indicator of an underlying balance problem, whether in the labyrinth of the inner ear or in the cerebellum of the brain.

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Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)

A woman suffers from benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) when she turns in bed. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s8-photo-of-woman-covering - ears.jpg

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) or positional vertigo is a brief and intense episode of vertigo that occurs due to a specific change in the position of the head. A person may also experience BPPV when he turns in bed. BPPV can sometimes result from a head injury or aging.

Labyrinthitis

Labyrinth anatomy. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s9-illustration-of-labyrinth-anatomy.jpg

Labyrinthitis is an infection or inflammation of the inner ear that causes dizziness and loss of balance. It is often associated with a infection of the upper respiratory tract like the flu.

Meniere's disease

A woman suffers the symptoms of Ménière's disease. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s10-photo-of-senior-woman-covering-ears.jpg

Ménière's disease is associated with a change in the volume of fluid within the parts of the labyrinth, one of the structures of the inner ear. Ménière's disease causes episodes of vertigo, irregular hearing loss, tinnitus (a buzzing or buzzing in the ear) and a feeling of fullness in the ear. The cause of Ménèire's disease is unknown.

Vestibular neuritis

Vertigo is the main symptom of vestibular neuronitis. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s11-photo-of-forest-sky.jpg

Vestibular neuronitis is an inflammation of the vestibular nerve and can be caused by a virus. Vestibular neuronitis is a paroxysmal attack of severe vertigo. It affects young and middle-aged adults, and often follows a non-specific upper respiratory infection.

Fistula perilinfa

An illustration of the inner ear showing the structures affected by the perilymph fistula. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s12-illustration-of-inner-ear.jpg

The perilymph fistula is a leak of fluid from the inner ear to the middle ear. It can occur after a head injury, drastic changes in atmospheric pressure (such as during diving), physical exertion, ear or chronic surgery. Ear infections. Its most notable symptom, in addition to dizziness and nausea, is the instability when walking or standing, which increases with activity and decreases with rest. Some babies may be born with perilymph fistula, usually in association with hearing loss that is present at birth.

Cinchose

Some people experience sea sickness from the rocking motion on a ship. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s13-photo-of-seasick-man.jpg

Movement sickness, sometimes referred to as sea sickness or automobile disease, is a very common alteration of the inner ear caused by repeated movements, such as sea swell, the movement of a car or the movement of turbulent air in an airplane. . The symptoms of motion sickness are nausea, vomiting, dizziness, perspiration, and a feeling of discomfort. These symptoms arise from the inner ear (labyrinth) due to changes in the sense of balance and balance.

Disorder Malfunction Syndrome (MdDS)

Desacato malformation syndrome (MdDS) is an upset disorder in which a person feels that they are continually swinging or wagging. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow / balance-disorders-s14 -photo-of-woman-on-a-cruise.jpg

Dislocation syndrome (MdDS) is a balance disorder in which a person feels that they are rocking or shaking continuously. It usually occurs after an ocean cruise or another trip by sea. Usually, symptoms will resolve within hours or days after the person arrives on the ground. However, serious cases can last for months or even years.

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How is an upset disorder diagnosed?

A woman takes a traditional electronystagmography (ENG) test to be evaluated in an equilibrium disorder. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s15-photo-of-electronystagmography-testing. jpg

The diagnosis of a balance disorder is difficult. There are many potential causes, including medical conditions and medications. To help assess a balance problem, a doctor may suggest that the patient visit an otolaryngologist (a doctor and surgeon who specializes in the ear, nose, and throat). The otolaryngologist may order a hearing test, blood test, an electron microstagram (which measures eye movements and the muscles that control them) or imaging studies of the head and brain. Another possible test is called posturography. For this test, the patient stands on a special mobile platform in front of a patterned screen. The doctor measures how the patient's body moves in response to the movement of the platform, the modeled screen, or both.

How is an upset disorder treated?

If you have a balance disorder, your doctor will assess whether it is caused by a medical condition or medication. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s16-photo-of- doctor -y-patient.jpg

The first thing a doctor will do to treat a balance disorder is to determine if the patient's dizziness is caused by a medical condition or medication. If so, the doctor will treat the condition or suggest a different medication for the patient.

The treatment for the different types of balance disorders described above will depend on the specific balance disorder. Some treatment options include medications, vestibular rehabilitation therapy, head; body; and exercises for the eyes, and modifications to household accessories to make them safer (for example, handrails in the home).

How can I know if I have a balance disorder?

A list of questions to help determine if you should seek medical attention after a dizziness. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s17-questions-for-seeking-medical- atencion.jpg

Everyone has a dizzy spell from time to time, but the term "seasickness" may mean something different for different people. For some people, dizziness can be a fleeting sensation of spinning, while for others it is intense and lasts a long time. Experts believe that more than four in 10 Americans will experience an episode of dizziness significant enough to seek medical attention.

To help you decide whether or not to seek medical help for a period of dizziness, ask yourself the following questions. If you answer "yes" to any of these questions, talk to your doctor.

How can I help my doctor make a diagnosis?

The questions that must be asked can help your doctor make a diagnosis. "Src =" https://images.onhealth.com/images/slideshow/balance-disorders-s18-questions-to-help-your-doctor.jpg

You can help your doctor make a diagnosis and determine a treatment plan by answering these questions. Be prepared to discuss this information during your appointment.

At your appointment, take a minute to write down the instructions your doctor has given you. Be sure to ask any questions you have before leaving the office.

Reference: https://www.onhealth.com/content/1/balance_disorders

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