Azodicarbonamide (E927), also known as "yoga mat," is an odorless orange. chemical substance which is found in about 500 food products.
It is manufactured through a reaction of urea and dihydrazine sulphate at high temperature and pressure, followed by oxidation with sodium hypochlorite (commonly used as a bleaching or disinfecting agent).
ADA has non-food applications, such as electronics, photography and as an industrial chemical that is used to make rubber for shoes, yoga mats and synthetic leather.
It is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and is approved by the FDA for use as a dough conditioner (to make it more elastic) in baking bread and as a bleaching agent in cereal flour. You can find it in bagels, bread, pizza, cakes, tortillas, hot dogs and hamburger buns. In addition, it is approved for use as a foaming agent for sealing lids for food containers, such as ketchup bottles.
The ADA must be declared on the ingredient statement and can be added to the flour at levels up to 45 ppm.
Since it is part of the flour-making process, it does not always appear on food labels, but it can be assumed that it is found in most products made from white flour.
The fast food chain Subway decided to eliminate the ADA from its baking process and issued the following statement: "Although this chemical substance It's considered safe, we're taking it out of subway bread. "We have already developed an improved bread recipe, we carry out extensive consumption tests and performance, and we are awaiting final government approvals."
Many bread products still contain this chemical or some other form of agent to ensure flavor, consistency and texture.
The list of fast food chains that still use it includes:
Starbuck & # 39; s – chocolate croissants and butter croissants; McDonald's: Bakery-style bagel, regular bagel, bagel and English muffin, sesame seed bread and Big Mac bread; Chick-fil-A – chicken salad sandwich, grilled chicken sandwich and grilled chicken club sandwich; Burger King: artisan style bagel, special rolls, croissant, sesame seed bread, homemade croutons, English muffins and French toast; Wendy's: top quality toast, bagel, panini bread and sandwich bread; Arby: French toast sticks, croissant, honey wheat bread, vintage wheat muffin, rye roll, marble rye bread, sesame seed bread and onion bread; Jack in the Box: giant bagel, bread roll, bread with sourdough on the grill, croissant and regular roll.
Europe, Singapore and Australia restricted the use of ADA because this substance is considered a "respiratory sensitizer" that can cause asthma and other types of allergic reactions.
Side effects of azodicarbonamide.
There are two chemicals that are formed when a bread is baked with ADA. A degradation product, urethane, is a recognized carcinogen. When ADA is used at its highest admissible level, it leads to urethane in the bread that acts as an adverse effect on humans. The second product is semicarbazide, which caused cancers of blood vessels and lungs in studies with mice, but poses an insignificant effect. risk to humans.
Asthma and allergies
According to a report from the WHO World Health Organization, regular occupational exposure to the ADA can cause allergies and asthma. In addition, the report of the World Health Organization notes that many of those who developed respiratory complications and asthma experienced symptoms in only 3 months of exposure to this chemical. More importantly, the report from the World Health Organization noted that physical exposure to the ADA caused recurrent dermatitis.
The report of the World Health Organization concluded: "The level of risk is uncertain, therefore, the levels of exposure to this chemical should be reduced as much as possible."
Free radicals are highly reactive and unstable molecules, commonly oxygen molecules. A study conducted in 2003 by the Radioisotope Center, Mie University School of Medicine, Japan concluded that harmful chemical Damage of free radicals to the DNA of animals. Free radicals can interrupt DNA duplication and maintenance and can alter the structure by reacting with DNA bases.
To avoid the ADA and other chemicals, buy bread labeled 100% whole wheat that does not contain added enriched flour and is made with organic flour.
Azodicarbonamide – Hazards and side effects of chemicals in foods, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/harmful-compounds/azodicarbonamide-side-effects/
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