Anise seed (Pimpinella Anisum) – Uses, health benefits, side effects

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Anise seed (Pimpinella Anisum) - Uses, health benefits, side effects

Anise is also known as anise, is an annual aromatic, herbaceous plant, which belongs to the family Apiaceae. the plant It has few leaves and small white flowers are arranged in the form of an umbrella.

The fruits are small and green and can be harvested from the end of August to the end of September. It is a plant that prefers a warm climate. The fruits are used for medicinal purposes and, according to popular belief, are considered and called seeds.

Its size is 3-5 mm, with an approximately oval shape, thinner on a pole, with a distinctive, pleasant and aromatic smell. The oil is used to aromatize various drugs and make aromatic alcoholic beverages.

Origin

It originates in the eastern Mediterranean (Egypt, perhaps) or in western Asia. Turkey is an important producer, but the best quality. plants come from Spain

Etymology

This spice received the classic Latin name "anisum" due to its confusion with the dill, which in Greek is called "aneson" or "aneton", giving rise to the name of anise. In most European languages, the name of the anise comes from the Latin "anisum", with very few variations.

The "anis" form is valid for a large number of languages, including Norwegian, Croatian, Finnish, Russian, Ukrainian and Hebrew. Examples of names in other languages ​​include: "anis" in Icelandic, "aniss" in Lithuanian, "anisz" in Hungarian, "anason" in Romanian, "yanason" in Arabic, "anisuan" in Urdu and "anisun" in Farsi.

The Sanskrit term "shatapushpa" means "a hundred flowers" and probably refers to the arrangement of anise flowers in the form of a cluster. The Sanskrit name was used to name other related plants, some modern languages ​​took the Sanskrit term and gave it other meanings completely. For example, "thian-sattapusyat" is the name of anise fruits in Thai medicine, but in southern India, "shatapushpamu" means "dill".

Behavior

Tonic digestive, antispasmodic, diuretic, refreshing, anthelmintic, emmenagogue (trigger of the menstrual cycle), stimulation of glandular secretions (saliva, gastric, intestinal, biliary, mammary), estrogenic, action on the pituitary anterior lobe, carminative. In low doses it acts as an expectorant, and in high doses As an antiseptic, it stops fermentation processes in the large intestine.

Health benefits of anise seed (Pimpinella Anisum)

It helps the normal functioning of the digestive system by: reducing the spasms and swelling that occur in the intestines (children and adults); improving digestion and increasing appetite; Normalization of digestive secretions: gastric, pancreatic, intestinal and biliary. Stimulates breastfeeding in mothers with breastfeeding problems. The combination of this plant and fenugreek naturally stimulates the production of milk, due to its hormonal action, while improving its composition and nutritional qualities. In addition, some of the active ingredients of anise are transferred to the milk, fight colic and gently stimulate the baby's digestion. It is administered three times a day, a teaspoon of powder of this plant and fenugreek combined. Effective in the treatment of diabetes: in a study conducted in 2011, 114 diabetic patients received a quantity of 5 grams of ground anise powder daily. During the 60 days of treatment, blood tests performed regularly showed a gradual decrease in blood sugar levels, until the end of the cure, when patients treated with this plant recorded blood sugar levels 36% lower than the patients in the control group, who had taken placebo (false) remedies during this time. As a result of the treatment, researchers have observed, in addition to the drastic decrease in blood sugar levels, lower cholesterol levels, as well as a decrease in triglyceride values. The study concludes that seeds, consumed in powder, are a powerful remedy against diabetes, which stabilize and reduce blood sugar levels, further reducing the risk of cardiovascular complications of diabetes. Asthma: an experimental medical study showed that the administration of aqueous extract of anise has a relaxing effect on the bronchial tree, relieves breathing and expectorate (excess of mucus from the respiratory tract). As an "emergency" remedy with immediate bronchial antispasmodic action, a cup of hot infusion of this plant is recommended, which rapidly relaxes the smooth muscles of the bronchial tree, blocking the onset or at least reducing the intensity of an asthma attack.

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As a long-term treatment, is recommended to use a combination of powders of this plant, chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) and heartsease (Viola tricolor), mixed in equal proportions, taking a teaspoon four times a day on an empty stomach. A treatment with this combination of plants lasts 90 days and must be done at least twice a year.

Adjuvant in morphine addiction: a study conducted in India showed that seeds have a surprising effect by reducing addiction to morphine and other opioid medications. The volatile substances of the seeds act on receptors in the brain responsible for pleasure and relaxation, so they become less sensitive to morphine. The essential oil of this plant was administered 6 drops twice a day.

Internal use of anise.

To stimulate the appetite: infusion of ½ teaspoon of fruit and 1 cup of boiling water. Leave it covered for 10 minutes and then decant. Drink the entire amount before meals. For the treatment of bronchitis, pancreatic and intestinal insufficiency, abdominal distension, intestinal worms, loss of appetite: infusion of 1 teaspoon of fruit and 300 ml of boiling water. Leave it covered for 20 minutes and then decant. Drink it in three appetizers before meals. For the treatment of abdominal pain in children: infusion of 6-8 fruits per 100 ml of boiling water. Leave it covered for 10-15 minutes and then decant. Use a teaspoon or take it in 2-3 entries. To fight against intestinal worms: infusion of 2 teaspoons of fruit per 100 ml of boiling water. Leave it covered for 10-15 minutes and then decant. Drink it in the morning on an empty stomach. To treat bronchitis, the flu: infusion of ½ teaspoon of fruit and 1 cup of boiling water. Leave it covered for 10-15 minutes. Drink 2 cups a day. To increase milk secretion in lactating mothers: Powder, obtained by grinding (grinding) 0.5-2 g of fruit and mixed with food or infusion of ½ teaspoon of fruit and 1 cup of boiling water. Leave it covered for 15-20 minutes and then decant. Drink 2-3 cups a day. To combat colds, sore throat, cough, headache: decoction of 3-4 g of fruit per cup of water. Let boil for 5-6 minutes and then decant. Drink 2-3 cups a day. To calm the hiccups: eat some fruits. To calm painful menstruations: decoction of 30 g of root and 1 liter of water. Boil for 25-30 minutes and then decant. Take a cup after meals. For the physiological stimulation of the heart, the respiratory tract, the digestive tract, to calm cramps, gastralgia and flatulence (extraction of gas from the intestine): oil from this plant. Administration: dose of 0.06-0.30 g / day for adults and one drop for each year of use of the child.

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In small doses, it activates breathing and tones the heart. In high doses, it causes drunkenness, chills and convulsions.

External use

For the treatment of sciatica and snake bites: poultices with fruit paste. Grind a few tablespoons of fruit, then boil in water or wine until it forms a paste. Apply on the affected area. For the treatment of influenza, hoarseness: inhalation, infusion of fruits.

Precautions and side effects.

Patients predisposed to allergies should use it with caution.

Old fruits (more than 3 years old) or stored in unsuitable conditions (moisture) should not be used because they become toxic.

The infusions should be prepared every day, they should not be stored until the next day.

Contraindications

The overdose causes strong excitement, insomnia, speech deficiency, mental deterioration.

Is plant It should not be used internally by pregnant women, patients with benign or malignant tumors (breast or genital), gastric and duodenal ulcer, colitis or allergy.

Anise Seed (Pimpinella Anisum) – Uses, Health Benefits, Side Effects, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/medicinal-plants/health-benefits-of-anise-pimpinella-anisum/

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