Alarming symptoms of prostate cancer

Filed in: Diseases.

The prostate is a small gland the size of a walnut. It is located under the bladder and surrounds the upper part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine and semen through the penis. The prostate gland produces a thick, clear fluid that mixes with the sperm to form semen.

With age, a man's prostate can grow in size, without being something abnormal, sometimes hard, it can cause a blockage of the flow of urine. Therefore, there are some problems with the prostate that can affect men, especially those over 40: "prostate sizes =" "height =" "width =" "></a></p>
<p>Benign prostatic hyperplasia: the urinary flow is restricted and, therefore, there will be a need to urinate more frequently, especially at night;</p>
<p>Acute and chronic prostatitis: the prostate becomes inflamed. It is estimated that 35% of men can face chronic prostatitis during their lifetime, and the symptoms that manifest are frequent urination and pain, decreased libido or erectile insufficiency;</p>
<p>Prostate cancer: affects the cells of the prostate gland and can block the flow of urine. It is necessary to be detected and treated early to prevent the spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body.</p>
<p><strong>Men over 50 have to take annual exams.</strong></p>
<p>To prevent prostate cancer, all men should be aware of the need to consult a urologist annually, especially if there have been cases of this type in the family. This is the only way for the affect to be detected early and treated appropriately.</p>
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What symptoms should I worry about?

Usually, in the case of the prostate, there are some symptoms that can alert you and "ask" for a medical examination. The most common symptoms reported by men are difficulty or pain when urinating, frequent urination, especially at night, feeling of imminent urination, which can not be postponed, blood or semen in the urine, impotence.

The medical examination:

The physical examination should include a digital rectal exam, ultrasound images of the prostate (involves placing a finger-size probe in the rectum and is based on an ultrasound), a blood test to identify the prostate-specific antigen (PSA). High PSA levels may indicate prostate cancer, but there is a possibility that PSA levels may increase due to other diseases.

During the digital rectal exam, the urologist will examine your prostate considering more difficult or abnormal areas in the prostate.

Radioactive implant therapy: an alternative to prostatectomy

After the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment, either medical or surgical. Prostatectomy (surgical resection of the prostate) is frequently associated with radiation therapy, which exposes the affected person to a high risk of impotence and urinary incontinence. Therefore, treatment with radioactive seeds is considered an alternative for this treatment. However, this treatment is not for all patients, only those with the disease discovered in the early stages can benefit from it.

Pay attention to your diet!

The experts of the American Institute for Cancer Research estimate that more than 30% of all cancers are related to the mistakes we make in our diet. Therefore, diet plays a key role in the prevention of prostate cancer.

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Some simple steps that can help prevent cancer: "couple sizes =" "height =" "width =" "></a></p>
<p>Do not overdo the food. A medium dish is recommended for each meal to keep the weight under control;</p>
<p>Avoid foods high in fat. The number of cancer cases varies from one country to another, but there was an increase in the disease in populations that consume too much fat. A diet rich in saturated fats (red meat fats: beef, lamb, lamb) is the most dangerous and can accelerate cancer;</p>
<p>– You must make the healthiest decisions: whole grains, brown rice, whole grain bread and limit the intake of sweets and salt;<br />– Alcohol should be consumed in moderation. In general, "moderate" means no more than 2 drinks a day for men;<br />– Eat vegetables and fruits. All studies have shown that fruits and vegetables that are consumed regularly reduce the risk of cancer;<br />– Omega 3 fatty acids are essential. Find them in cold water fish: salmon, mackerel and herring. It reduces the risk of developing certain types of cancer.<br />– Selenium and vitamin E: some researchers claim that selenium and vitamin E administered daily can prevent the development of prostate cancer.</p>
<p> <em>Alarming symptoms of prostate cancer, source of article:</em></p>
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