Acid reflux: causes, symptoms and effects

Filed in: Health Conditions.

Acid reflux It often leads to discomfort and irritation in an individual's normal routine.

What is acid reflux?

Acid reflux is caused by the backward travel of stomach acids into the throat. It is usually found in adults, but children can also suffer from this due to lack of proper diet. People in the habit of Eat excessively Y of smoking They are also commonly affected by this problem. Pregnant women are also found to suffer from acid reflux disease. Acid reflux is often used interchangeably with Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) even though they are different. [1]


This condition can be caused by several factors:

Malfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter: Acid reflux is caused by a malfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter. The function of this area of ​​the body is to open for a few seconds during the swallowing of food. However, when it does not work properly, it tends to stay open for longer, leading to this condition. Gastroesophageal defects: The malfunction of the anti-reflux barrier and the gastroesophageal valve can also cause this condition. Digestive problems: In the case of children and babies, it results from the digestive System malfunction Foods: There are certain foods that can cause acid reflux, including excessive alcohol consumption, chocolatescitrus fruits, caffeinated Y gassed drinks, mint, and spicy foods. Even tobacco use can cause this problem. The pregnancy: Acid reflux can also be experienced by those who go through a pregnancy. The change in the body's hormonal levels during pregnancy is considered the reason behind this. Sleep after meals: In addition, an immediate nap after eating foods high in fat is one of the main causes of acid reflux. Others: Being over weight, taking certain medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen and other anticoagulants, not exercise, high intake of Salt, and a diet low in dietetics. fiber They could be some of the other causes of acid reflux.

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The symptoms

Symptoms of acid reflux include:

In adults

Difficulty swallowing and to digest food Acidity (burning sensation in the chest) Abdominal pain Nausea Burning and pain in the throat Burping and hiccups

In children

Ear infection Weight gain Sinusitis constant drops


Acid reflux has many unpleasant effects in various parts of the body such as:

Sleep disorders, snoring Asthma Dyspepsia Bad breath Inflammation of the esophagus Ulcers Barrett's esophagus Difficulty swallowing esophageal Cancer

Acid reflux: causes, symptoms and effects, reference:

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