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While many garden plants bear fruit during their first growing season, some shrubs and trees may take several years to produce a good yield. Cultivating and caring for these plants is a lot of work and after such a long wait, you deserve to be able to enjoy the fruits of your work (a play on words!) Knowing how to make the most of each growing season can be a difficult issue. If you have done everything possible and still do not get the yields you want, try some of these tips to improve the health of your garden and increase the amount of fruit your trees and shrubs produce.
1. Do not be hurried
Before starting to stimulate fruiting, make sure your plants are old enough and healthy enough to support the load. Standard fruit trees need between five and seven years before they are ready to produce. Figs and berry bushes usually need two to three years. If you notice that your plants are producing flowers before enough time has passed, remove the flowers before they begin the intensive process of energy and nutrients from the fruit crop. This will make the tree or shrub redirect its efforts towards the growth of stronger members and roots.
2. go with dwarfs
If you do not want to wait several years to get fruit from your garden, consider planting dwarf varieties of your favorite trees. Dwarves do not grow as tall or as wide as a full-sized tree, so they begin to bear fruit in the first two or three years. These smaller trees do not require much space either, which makes them perfect for gardeners who want to grow their own fruits but do not have much land. In addition, for the casual gardener, dwarf varieties are often the best option because their shorter stature makes them easier to prune, harvest and treat for pests.
3. Prune as necessary
Ideally, fruit trees need to be trained in their first years of growth in the way you want them to maintain during their productive lives. Pruning should be done at the end of winter, before the tree leaves dormancy. If you see that the leaf buds begin to turn green and soften, the tree is awake and it is too late to prune them safely. Some basic tips for shaping your fruit trees through pruning include:
Keep a strong trunk or trunk with evenly spaced lateral branches. Avoid overcrowding: branches that receive little or no sunlight will produce less fruit. When removing the branches, cut close to the trunk or limb. Leave the collar and avoid damaging the bark near the cut. Use very sharp scissors to promote faster healing. Avoid breaking or tearing any part of a tree, as it can cause infections and parasitic diseases. Pruning within 1/4 "of the healthy shoot encourages new growth and avoids excessive dead" heels " Remove the root suckers and water sprouts as soon as you see them. (Read # 4 for more information.)
For more tips on pruning, check out this great article from the Extension of the Washington State University.
4. Root suckers and water shoots
While it may be our initial impulse to allow plants to maintain the greatest growth possible, it is important to recognize that not all growth is good. The production of flowers and fruits requires a large investment of nutrients and energy from your plants, so you must be sure that these resources are not wasted where they are not needed. Root shoots and water shoots are two of those wastes.
New shoots that grow from the rhizome of a grafted fruit tree are known as root shoots. These growths often resemble a new plant that has taken root at the base of the existing father. It seems a good thing, right? Unfortunately, the rootstock and the fruiting graft (the upper part of the plant) are actually two different trees that have come together for mutual benefits (ie roots resistant to diseases associated with a tree that grows with sweeter fruits) . Allowing the roots to continue growing is a huge waste of nutrients that the superior graft could use to produce fruit. Learn more about eliminating root suckers.
Water shoots are vertical shoots that grow upwards from the established branches of the trees. While these growths are not as undesirable as root suckers, they can still be a waste of nutrients if not controlled properly. An excess of water shoots can block sunlight and air circulation from the more mature fruiting branches. They also tend to be weak and easily broken by the elements that are an open door for diseases and parasites. Learn more about how to control water sprouts..
5. Know your soil
Plants are very similar to people, since different varieties and species have different tastes. It is important to know which balance of nutrients and trace minerals is the best for each plant. Soil pH can also play an important role in maximizing fruit yields. If you are not sure what type of soil you have, it is always better test samples Around your trees and shrubs. Once you know what is missing, you can amend the soil to increase future fruit production. In addition, you need to know the physical composition or texture of your land to cultivate the best plants. An easy way to test this is to collect a small sample of soil in a clear glass jar, fill the jar with water and shake vigorously. Let the resulting muddy water settle completely. Once the water in the upper part is clean and all the dirt is in the bottom of the container, you should be able to see different layers of water. clay (background), silt (medium), and sand (upper part).
6. Check for parasites
While some pests leave obvious signs like cocoons or chewed leaves, others can be much better to hide their presence. Root parasites, bacteria, viral infections, fungi and insects that hide under the bark of trees are some of the common culprits that can slip under the radar of their plague. If whole branches or branches of a plant are dying without an apparent explanation, take a cut to an expert and do a test.
For gardeners in the USA UU., Consult the extension of your local state university to obtain a multitude of invaluable online resources that can help you with the identification and treatment of plant diseases. Most of the extension services have a team of friendly and expert staff, and many times definitive experts in the field of horticulture, who are happy and can help.
7. Appropriate pest control
To deter pests and diseases, it is important to maintain a healthy growing environment for your trees and shrubs. Make sure the soil conditions are right for your plants. Also, try to limit the growth of weeds Inside the drip line around each plant. This will allow the roots to take advantage of all the nutrients in the surrounding soil. Aggravating weeding also hinders the transmission of diseases from neighboring plants and eliminates the hiding places of parasites and harmful insects. Remove and quickly destroy any dead limbs or parts of the tree infected with fungi to prevent the spread of diseases in your garden. Be sure to pick up and discard any fallen or rotten fruit around your plants, as they will attract animals and insects that eat the healthy fruit intended for consumption. Finally, be sure to apply the right amounts of natural insecticides or find ways to attract natural predators as needed to keep pests at bay.
8. Promote pollination
Some fruit trees and shrubs work much better if they have two or more different species of the same genus that grow nearby to help them pollinate. For example, if your seven-year-old McIntosh is not producing much fruit, you might consider planting a nearby Crab Apple. If you are not sure which pollinator you need, see this guide.
Of course, the trees will not pollinate their neighbors without help. Beneficial animals such as bees, hummingbirds, butterflies and bats are some of the main pollinators, as are some species of ants and beetles. For this reason, it is important to maintain your hospital garden for wildlife. Avoid excessive use of pesticides (natural or chemical) that can kill beneficial insects. The lack of bees and bugs will not only negatively impact fruit yields, the resulting imbalance in the microenvironment of your garden can also get away. Other small animals that help. With the pollination process.
9. Harvest everything
This is perhaps the easiest advice to follow when it comes to growing successful fruit trees. Still, it's worth mentioning. Uncollected fruit that is left on the branch at the end of the season actually tells the tree or shrub that it gained too much that year. During the next growing season, the plant will actually produce less as a result. So be sure to collect all the fruit that grows in your garden and let your plants know that you can not get enough!
This article is an excerpt from our new Kindle book: 605 Secrets to a beautiful and generous organic garden: Internal secrets of a gardening superstar. Pick up a copy here and discover how to grow the healthiest vegetables and fruits, the largest flowers and tackle even the most frustrating dilemmas of the garden with totally natural and organic methods.
Reference: https://www.naturallivingideas.com/9-tips-to-get-more-fruit-from-your-garden/, by Editorial Team
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