The lack of knowledge about HIV is the main reason why people are prone to it. Be aware of these risk factors and avoid getting infected.
HIV / AIDS has killed more than 25 million people in the last 3 decades. But the current statistics are much more terrifying. It has been estimated that there are more than 34 million people around the world living with HIV. One of the main reasons why HIV / AIDS is so widespread is the lack of knowledge about risk factors and HIV transmission. This lack of knowledge is not limited to people living in remote areas. The highly educated population also seems to be equally illiterate when it comes to HIV. Maybe in the future we can have a cure for HIV, but until then, knowing the risk factors is the best way to avoid HIV.
1. Having unprotected sex: HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the causative agent of AIDS, a disease that completely destroys the body's immune system, which makes the infected person susceptible to other diseases. HIV circulates throughout the body through the bloodstream. It is also present in sexual fluids (semen and vaginal secretions). Therefore, the main risk factor for acquiring the infection is having unprotected sex. This includes vaginal, oral and anal intercourse. The risk is higher in anal intercourse, followed by vaginal intercourse and finally oral.
2. Multiple sexual partners: Having unprotected sex puts you at risk for HIV, but with multiple sexual partners, the risk almost doubles. Multiple sexual partners increase your chances of having sex with an infected person.
3. Other sexually transmitted infections: Not many people know that sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as syphilis, herpes and gonorrhea increase the risk of contracting HIV. The risk of contracting HIV in people previously infected with an STD is 2 to 5 times more compared to a person without an STD. Studies suggest that sexually transmitted diseases cause certain changes in the genital tissues, which increases the susceptibility of HIV transmission.
4. Transfusion of contaminated blood and blood products: Whether you have blood transfused during surgery or a hemophiliac who needs frequent blood transfusions, your chances of getting HIV are high if the blood transfused is not tested for HIV. As a rule in medical practice, blood is always analyzed before a transfusion, but recently several cases of HIV have been observed due to the transfusion of infected blood.
5. Contaminated syringes and needles: The use of non-sterile syringes is still practiced in several parts of developing countries, including India. According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 5 percent of HIV infections were due to unsafe injection practices in 2002. And, even today, the use of unsafe injections is quite generalized This even includes vaccination for children.
6. Drug abuse: If you inject drugs such as ketamine, GHB and poppers intravenously, you are more likely to become infected with HIV. These drugs affect your brain and affect your ability to make decisions. Therefore, you are more likely to share needles and have unprotected sex.
7. Insecure piercings: If you like body piercings and tattoos, you should bear in mind that you run a greater risk of contracting HIV. The needles used in these processes may be contaminated or infected with HIV. Make sure you get a tattoo and a piercing from a trained professional.
8. Negligence in medical practice: All health professionals and health workers, including nurses, doctors, laboratory analysts and pathologists, who must handle patient blood samples on a daily basis, are at risk of contracting HIV if they do not take the necessary precautions and do not follow medical hygiene practices. . Handling samples without gloves, inadequate disinfection and waste methodology can all increase your high risk of HIV.
9. Risk of HIV from mother to child: Women with HIV can transmit the virus to their children during pregnancy. Transmission of the virus from mother to child can also occur through breastfeeding because breast milk in an infected mother has a high viral load.
Read more about causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of HIV AIDS.
Risk factors of HIV. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (http://www.niaid.nih.gov/)
Risk of HIV transmission (http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/)
You may also be interested in reading:
12 symptoms of HIV / AIDS that you must watch forr 12 diseases that affect people with HIV / AIDS 11 things about HIV? AIDS that you did not know HIV / AIDS – causes, symptoms, treatments HIV and AIDS in India Coming soon, an effective vaccine against HIV? Rapid HIV tests to detect ailments in 15-20 minutes! Tests for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases Get tested for HIV – all your questions answered World AIDS Day 2013: 5 celebrities with HIV / AIDS World AIDS Day 2013: tips to prevent the contracting and transmission of the disease
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Reference: https://www.thehealthsite.com/diseases-conditions/hiv-aids-factors-that-increase-your-risk/, by Shraddha Rupavate
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