Do you hit yourself in places where you do not even remember hitting or hurting, and the bruise does not go away for months together? Read more about what could cause it.
Do you see bruises on your body even if you have not run into anything or been hurt? Does it stay and does not fade for months? And most importantly, is this a common and constant phenomenon? Well, it's probably time for you to take a look at these common causes of unexplained bruises on your body.
What causes the bruises?
Bruising occurs when blood vessels are damaged or broken as a result of a skin injury. Blood leaks from these damaged blood vessels to the surrounding tissues lead to contusion. It is the body's response to the injury. Medically called contusion, bruising can develop due to many things ranging from aging to nutritional deficiencies and effect medications to serious diseases such as hemophilia and Cancer. Are here Five causes for bruises on your body.
Here are some of them:
# 1 Aging: Constant bruising on the back of the hands and arms is common in older adults. These bruises, known as actinic purpura, can start with red and flat spots, then turn purple, deepen and gradually disappear. This type of bruising occurs because the walls of the blood vessels weaken after many years of exposure to the sun. Aspirin, coumadin, alcohol, all these make the condition worse.
# 2 Nutritional deficiencies: Deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals can cause bruising due to their role in blood clotting and wound healing.
Vitamin K: It helps the blood to clot and is an essential component of the bone structure. Deficiency of this vitamin affects normal blood clotting, causing bruising. Are here 4 signs of vitamin K deficiency Vitamin C: It is essential for the synthesis of collagen and other compounds that help the skin and blood vessels resist the bruising impacts. Therefore, vitamin C deficiency can lead to bad healing and bruising. Are here Main sources of vitamin C. Minerals: Zinc and iron are essential minerals that help heal wounds. In addition, iron deficiency causes anemia, a known cause of constant bruising. Bioflavonoids: Citrine, rutin, catechin and quercetin are some bioflavonoids that are extremely valuable in correcting a tendency to bruises. All these compounds can be easily obtained through foods such as amla, citrus fruits such as oranges, mosambi, sesame seeds (til), beet, bananas, etc. to combat bruising due to a nutritional deficiency.
# 3 Von Willebrand Disease: Von Willebrand disease is a hereditary bleeding disorder that affects the ability of your blood to clot, resulting in heavy bleeding that is difficult to stop after an injury. This disease occurs when the protein called von Willebrand factor is present at low levels in the blood or when the protein does not work well. Therefore, it is likely that a person suffering from this disease will develop frequent and large contusions after minor bumps or injuries. The worst cases of VWD have episodes of severe bleeding for no reason.
# 4 Cancer Y Chemotherapy: If you are undergoing chemotherapy and, as a result, have a low level of platelets (below 400,000) due to insufficient production of platelets, you could often develop bruises on the body.
# 5 thrombophilia: A low platelet count due to bleeding disorders such as purple thrombocytopenia (TTP) or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) can also affect the body's ability to form blood clots normally, which increases the chances of bruising.
# 6 Hemophilia: Hemophilia is the opposite process of thrombophilia. In people with hemophilia, there is a greater tendency to bleed due to the abnormality of the blood coagulation factor that does not allow the formation of clots. One of the symptoms of hemophilia is unexplained and excessive bleeding or bruising.
# 7 Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: The appearance of bruises easily is also a characteristic manifestation of collagen disorders that are inherited. For example, the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). The bruising in this case occurs because the capillaries and blood vessels surrounding the connective tissues become brittle and break easily. The predominant features of this syndrome are extensive bruising, delayed healing of wounds, ruptured arteries leading to severe internal bleeding or premature death, and rupture of hollow organs such as the intestine or gravid uterus (development of the fetus). in the uterus).
# 8 medications and supplements: Certain anticoagulants, such as warfarin and aspirin, prevent blood from clotting and can make you susceptible to constant bruising. NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, corticosteroids such as cortisol or prednisone, and even SSRIs such as Prozac can easily bruise. Natural supplements, such as ginkgo biloba, fish oil and garlic, when used in excess can cause the blood to thin out and easily bruise. However, this occurs only in rare cases, since the supplements alone can not dilute the blood in excess unless they are used together with anticoagulant medications.
When should you worry about constant bruising?
Seek medical help immediately if you feel extreme pressure on a bruised part of your body, especially if the area is large or very painful. This may be due to a condition known as "compartment syndrome." This is life threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Also call your doctor if you have signs of infection around the affected area, pus or fever.
Given the fact that any of these conditions could contribute to bruising, a complete medical evaluation is needed to determine the exact cause. It may not be serious, but why risk it?
You have doubts about how to reduce bruises, Click here.
Image source: Getty images.
Reference: https://www.thehealthsite.com/diseases-conditions/constantly-notice-bruises-on-your-body-do-not-neglect-it/, by Mita Majumdar
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