The number of deaths from tuberculosis is increasing. Be aware and prevent the spread of the disease with these tips.
According to recent updates, there is a large disparity between the recorded number of deaths due to tuberculosis (TB) on data from the public health department of BMC and RTI, in Mumbai. Although the BMC data shows a lower number of deaths, the RTI data compiled by the NGO Praja Foundation show much higher numbers.
Regardless of whether the number is lower or higher, the update clearly highlights that tuberculosis remains a threat and more and more people are affected by it. Tuberculosis, being an infectious disease, requires strict prevention strategies to reduce the spread of the disease and reduce the number of deaths. Here are some things you should keep in mind.
1. Vaccination: All newborns and babies should receive the Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine to protect them against TB. The vaccine allows the child to develop antibodies against the causative organism (Mycobacterial tuberculosis) of tuberculosis.
2. Keep your immunity high: most of you may have been in contact with the TB bacillus, but you have not developed the disease because of the protection offered by the vaccine you received in childhood. However, the vaccine can not provide lifelong protection. That is why people with reduced immunity have an increased risk of infection. Therefore, a healthy lifestyle is important to prevent tuberculosis. Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. Eat a complete meal that includes carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Stop smoking and drinking alcohol, exercise regularly and stay in shape.
3. Maintain good hygiene: "Simple hygienic practices, such as covering your mouth while coughing, refraining from spitting in public places, continue to be ignored by people, including people infected with TB," says Dr. Pradip Shah, MD specialist at Fortis Hospital, Mulund. Good hygiene plays an important role in prevention. Therefore, wash your hands before eating and be sure to drink clean water. If you are close to someone who knows you have TB, avoid direct contact with them. Hospital staff should wear protective masks and gloves around patients with TB. Avoid visiting crowded and unhygienic places.
4. Go to the right specialist: early diagnosis and treatment are the key to reducing the number of deaths from TB. If you notice any of the symptoms of TB, see a doctor immediately. If your cough is persistent, it is best to consult a specialist. According to the prominent pulmonologist, Dr. Kapil Salgia, medical care should make a consultation with the right kind of specialists to treat the disease.
5. Adherence to medication: one of the main reasons for the increase in the number of deaths is the development of drug-resistant TB. For this reason, people who have the infection are actually carriers of the disease. "When they do not adhere to the recipe, it gives TB bacteria the opportunity to develop drug resistance.When these resistant bacilli are expelled into the air, they can be ingested by healthy individuals. Challenging cases of drug-resistant TB (MDR TB), which cause more and more deaths, "says Dr. Kapil Salgia, pulmonary consultant. Therefore, if you are taking treatment for TB, it plays an important role in preventing the spread of the disease. All you need to do is complete the prescribed treatment.
Image source: Getty Images
You may also be interested in reading:
World Tuberculosis Day 2014: Tuberculosis – causes, symptoms and diagnosis Ten facts you did not know about tuberculosis. How can tuberculosis be prevented? Drug-resistant tuberculosis increases in India Extremely drug resistant tuberculosis sticks its head in India
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Reference: https://www.thehealthsite.com/diseases-conditions/5-ways-to-prevent-tuberculosis/, by Shraddha Rupavate