20 interesting facts about epilepsy + symptoms, causes, statistics, types, treatment, prevention

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20 interesting facts about epilepsy + symptoms, causes, statistics, types, treatment, prevention

Here are the 20 most interesting facts about epilepsy:

# one Epilepsy, also known as seizure disorder, is a disorder described by recurrent seizures. It is a condition that affects the brain and causes repeated seizures.

What causes a seizure?

# two During a seizure, the electrical impulses are interrupted, which causes the body to behave strangely.

# 3 The severity of seizures may differ from one individual to another. Some people lose consciousness and have seizures, while others simply experience a state of "trance" for a few seconds or minutes.

# 4 When a person suffers a seizure, his arms and legs will move abruptly. This is actually the muscular response to the excessive electrical discharge that occurs in your brain.

# 5 While the patient is not in danger (such as near an object that could injure him), it is essential to let the seizure run its course. The restriction of the victim can actually hurt him.

# 6 It is one of the oldest recognized in the world. disorder, with written records dating back to 4000 BC It is not a type of intellectual disability or mental illness. In addition, most types of epilepsy do not affect the way you learn or think, however, some may be related to cognitive and behavioral problems and mental problems. health disorders.

# 7 It can start at any age, however, it usually begins in people over 60 or in childhood. It is often for life, however, occasionally it can slowly improve over time. Having this medical condition does not interfere with the reproductive process of women or men.

Statistics

# 8 In the United States, more than 2.5 million individuals. have this condition with around 181,000 new cases occurring every year. In addition, approximately 0.6 percent of children aged 0 to 17 have this medical condition. This is about 400,000 children and most of them can control their symptoms and lead a productive and healthy life.

# 9 According to the Epilepsy Foundation of America, it is the third most common neurological disorder in the United States, after a stroke and Alzheimer disease. This condition costs the United States about $ 15.5 billion per year.

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# 10 More than 250,000 Australians currently live with this condition and between 3 and 3.5 percent of Australians will experience it at some point in their lives. About 0.6 percent of the Canadian population also has it. This includes all people who have had a seizure in the past 5 years or who are currently taking anti-seizure medications.

# eleven Around the world, approximately 65 million people have this condition and 80 percent of them live in developing countries.

The types

# 12 There are 3 major groups of epilepsy, depending on the cause of this medical condition:

Idiopathic epilepsy: when an apparent cause can not be found. Cryptogenic epilepsy: when medical evidence of brain damage can not be found, however, other symptoms, such as learning difficulties, indicate that brain damage has occurred. Symptomatic epilepsy: when the symptoms are caused by an interruption or damage to the brain.

The symptoms

# 13 the main symptom The seizures are repeated. In addition, if one or more of the following symptoms are present, the patient should see a health care specialist, especially if it is repeated:

legs, arms or body shake; peculiar changes in the senses, such as touch, smell and sound; individuals become fearful for no apparent reason; Repetitive movements that seem inappropriate; for a short time, the person seems unable to communicate; sudden attacks of chewing without a clear reason; the victim falls suddenly, for no apparent reason; the person suddenly becomes rigid; for a short period of time, the patient does not answer the questions; intermittent fainting; short periods of a blackout; A seizure without fever.

Causes

# 14 The causes of symptomatic epilepsy may include:

a brain tumor certain genetic syndromes; an infection of the brain, like – encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), meningitis or neurocysticercosis; a stroke that restricts the amount of oxygen to the brain; a serious head injury; genetic conditions or congenital anomalies with associated cerebral malformations; Brain damage from loss of oxygen or trauma during delivery.

#fifteen He can not be "caught" when he comes into contact with someone who has seizures and is not contagious.

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Triggers

#sixteen Common triggers may include:

overeating skipping meals; a regular intake of alcohol and caffeine; Some medications and drugs; flashing lights or bright lights; emotional stress; high temperature; lack of sleep.

Sudden unexpected death

# 17 Causes of death related to epilepsy account for approximately 40 percent of mortality in individuals with this medical condition and may include:

death related to treatment (side effects of medications); suicide; status epilepticus (continuous seizure activity for five minutes or more without the return of consciousness); accidents during an epileptic seizure that can include drowning, trauma, suffocation or burn; unexpected sudden death in epilepsy; Death caused by the underlying neurological disorder in symptomatic epilepsy.

Treatment

# 18 Currently, more than 20 antiepileptic drugs. medicines They are used to treat this medical condition. Most patients can successfully control their seizures with medications, stimulation of the vagus nerve (a stimulator device is implanted under the skin in the chest), surgery or some combination of these therapies.

# 19 Pharmacotherapy is usually the first to be tested. Surgery has been an accepted form of treatment, mainly when medications do not work properly to control symptoms.

Prevention

# twenty Here are 10 methods that can help reduce the risk of having this condition:

Eat a healthy diet, focusing on organic fresh fruits and vegetables combined with seeds, legumes, spices and nuts. Avoid playing video games and watching television. Reduce the time you spend on social networks, especially before going to bed. Avoid bright, flickering lights (such as smart phones). Avoid alcoholic beverages. Avoid foods and drinks that contain caffeine. Practice daily methods of stress management, such as: mindfulness meditation, Tai Chi or yoga. Get enough sleep every night (minimum 7 hours). Do physical activity daily – minimum 90 minutes of walking. Spend time in nature. Referenceshttps://www.epilepsy.com/make-difference/research-and-new-therapies/clinical-trials-portal-overviewhttps://www.journals.elsevier.com/epilepsy-researchhttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00013845https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1184846-workup

20 interesting facts about epilepsy + symptoms, causes, statistics, types, treatment, prevention, source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/epilepsy-facts/

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