18 interesting facts about pulmonary embolism and its causes and symptoms

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18 interesting facts about pulmonary embolism and its causes and symptoms

Here are the main interesting facts about pulmonary embolism:

# one Pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a blood clot travels to the light On the other part of the body, commonly of the legs.

# two A blood clot that forms in one part of the body and moves in the bloodstream to another part of the body has a medical term of embolism.

# 3 These blocks result in areas in the lung where the interruption of blood flow does not allow carbon dioxide (CO2) waste to be sent to the air sacs for extraction. Due to the fact that these clots block the flow of blood to the lungs, PE can be life-threatening.

# 4 Sometimes, an EP can result from a plunger that is created from the amniotic fluid, droplets of fat or some other particle that enters the bloodstream.

# 5 This condition is most often a complication of a disease with the medical term for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). In this condition, blood clots form in the deep veins of the body, usually in the legs. These can move through the bloodstream to the lungs and, ultimately, block an artery.

# 6 The warning signs and symptoms of deep vein thrombosis include: anxiety, shortness of breath, general pain, chest pain, pain in the legs or arms, coughing with pink foam and loss of skin color under the clot.

# 7 The exact number of people affected by DVT / PE is currently unknown, however, approximately 900,000 people in the United States are affected each year. More than fifty percent of all cases diagnosed with PE in the US UU They occur in patients who live in nursing homes or hospitals. In the European Union, PE affects approximately 430,000 patients each year.

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# 8 In the United States, PE and DVT can be responsible for approximately 100,000 deaths per year. Most people who die do so within 30 to 60 minutes after the onset of the first signs and symptoms. This condition is quite difficult to diagnose. For example, less than 10 percent of people who die from a PE were diagnosed with the condition.

The symptoms

# 9 About fifty percent of the people who have this condition to have without symptoms. In addition, the symptoms and sign a patient The severity and severity of the disease will depend on how big the PD is and where it is.

# 10 Symptoms may include:

short of breath, which can develop gradually or appear suddenly; coughing up blood; low blood pressure; a feeling of lightheadedness, dizziness or fainting; bluish skin; chest pain: throbbing pain that may get worse when the patient breathes; Occasionally, a blood clot that is large enough to block the pulmonary circulation can even lead to sudden death.

Causes

# eleven This condition It can be caused by a variety of things, including:

a blood clot; the amniotic fluid that can be forced into the pelvic veins during labor; the fat that can escape from the bone marrow when a bone breaks; air bubbles; Fragments of cancerous tumors.

# 12 Many risk factors contribute to the development of PD, including:

sitting for a long time (like in a car or on an airplane); a prolonged period of bed rest (for example, people who are confined to bed after a serious illness or injury); bone fracture; inactivity; surgery, particularly those involving the pelvis, hip or knee; According to statistics, the risk of PE is higher in smokers, people over 40, obese people or people with a family history of blood clots.

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# 13 A few conditions increase the likelihood of having an EP, such as taking the hormone estrogen or similar medications and a broken hip or leg.

# 14 Cancer increases the risk of this condition even more. However, most people who have PE do not have cancer.

#fifteen A woman has a higher than normal risk of having an EP if she is or was recently pregnant, since, during pregnancy, the weight of the fetus that presses the veins of the pelvis (the seat of the reproductive organs) can cause the blood returns slower. the legs.

Diagnosis

#sixteen This condition is usually detected through the following tests:

Magnetic resonance imaging (a non-invasive imaging technology) of the lungs or legs; ultrasound of the leg, a painless and risk-free procedure that helps identify blood clots in people who can not have an x-ray; pulmonary angiogram; blood test; lung scintigraphy CT scan.

Treatment

# 17 Since the treatment of this condition is complicated and can cause many side effects, it is essential to have a correct diagnosis. It is treated with procedures (such as using a catheter to reach the blood clot), medications (anticoagulants or anticoagulants) and other therapies (graduated compression stockings).

Prevention

# 18 The prevention of this condition includes: regular moderate physical exercise (at least 90 minutes of walking per day), avoiding foods that are harmful to health. Cardiovascular systemMaintain a healthy weight and avoid long periods of inactivity.

18 Interesting facts about pulmonary embolism and its causes and symptoms, Source: https://www.yourhealthremedy.com/health-tips/pulmonary-embolism-facts-symptoms-causes/

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