15 food crops that you can grow at home

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15 food crops that you can grow at home

The old saying, "Let food be your medicine and medicine be your food" attributed to Hippocrates is never as true as when food plants grown in the garden are also valued for their therapeutic properties. In fact, the many herbs, fruits and vegetables that we use to flavor dishes probably came into our food traditions because of their health benefits.

Here are some vegetables, culinary herbs, edible flowers and fruits that can be duplicated as medicines for common diseases. You can grow them in the garden or even in pots on the kitchen windowsill for easy access.

1. basil

If you have some basil plants in the garden, you can do more than just use the leaves to make pesto or add to the pasta or pizza. The therapeutic use of this herb includes helping with indigestion and relieving swelling. When you have a cough, you can chew a few leaves or take a warm tea from the leaves with honey. You can mix the juice of a few leaves of basil with a teaspoon of honey and take small doses to relieve sore throat and cough.

If you have a headache due to sinus congestion, inhaling steam with water boiled with basil leaves can bring relief. Press a few crushed leaves to bite insects immediately to extract the poison. Drink basil tea regularly to reduce blood sugar and relieve stress.

2. parsley

Parsley is easy to grow from seeds and comes in flat leaf and curly leaf versions. This Mediterranean herb with its distinctive flavor makes a great garnish and adds a bit of vitamins B12, C, A and K to the diet. But the medicinal benefits of parsley far outweigh its nutritional benefits.

Parsley is anti-inflammatory and protective of the liver and has a relaxing effect on the muscles. It is beneficial for people with digestive tract problems, including irritable bowel syndrome. The use of parsley regularly can help regulate high blood pressure. Parsley improves kidney function, acts as a mild diuretic and helps eliminate toxins from the body, but should be used sparingly due to its high oxalic acid content.

3. rosemary

Rosemary deserves to be in every garden. It is a delicious herb and can help your health in many ways. The bioactive substances in this aromatic herb have antiseptic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Rosemary is called the herb of remembrance, and it is a happy coincidence that it can increase memory and protect against dementia and Alzheimer's. Now it is found that it is also protective of cancer.

Use the rosemary in your garden to make a tranquilizer. Foot bath. You can also use it as an antiseptic solution to wash small cuts and scrapes.

4. Balloon Artichoke

The large, odd-looking flower buds of the globe artichoke are popular as vegetables, but other parts of the plant, such as leaves and roots, have medicinal uses. If you have a large patio, you can probably accommodate a perennial patch of this useful vegetable.

Use a tea from the leaves or root to improve digestion. Stimulates the liver and gallbladder and increases the production of digestive juice. If you have high cholesterol or atherosclerosis, artichoke leaf tea may help.

5. Chinese yam

Chinese yamDioscorea polystachya) is easily grown in temperate areas and produces long cylindrical tubers that can be eaten raw or cooked. The tubers are nutritious, but their medicinal properties are even more relevant. Its Chinese name means "mountain medicine". The tubers can be used to combat poor appetite and poor digestion, and also disorders of the gastrointestinal tract such as Crohn's disease. It is considered a remedy for asthma and for uncontrolled urination.

If you have the Chinese root at hand, you can apply the grated root to the ulcers and boils on the skin. The leaf can be applied to the skin to relieve insect bites and eliminate the venom and pain of scorpion stings.

6. Fenugreek

Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is a lesser known herb that deserves to be cultivated more often in home gardens for its medicinal value, if not for cooking. The seeds and slightly bitter leaves are popularly used in the Mediterranean and Asian countries. Fenugreek is a legume that easily comes from seeds planted directly in beds or pots.

Use a handful of leaves to make a tasty and nutritious tea to improve digestion and combat bad breath. It can relieve stomach cramps and the pain associated with menstruation and childbirth. Regular use of tea and infusion of seeds can help reduce cholesterol and blood sugar.

7. garlic

The spicy flavor. Garlic Providing any dish is inimitable. So are the medicinal properties of this member of the onion family. It is quite easy to grow from individual garlic cloves. Plant them in spring or even earlier. Autumn sowing ensures a good summer harvest the following year.

While waiting for the bulbs to develop, you can cut some leaves to add flavor to the soups and sauté them.
The strong antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal properties of garlic do not need introduction. Rub the cut end of a clove of garlic over the ringworm and athlete's foot. Eat 2-3 cloves of garlic a day to reduce cholesterol and get rid of respiratory infections, although garlic breath can be a problem.

8. ginger

Ginger is an exotic herb with tasty underground rhizomes. Use freshly cut or grated to make ginger tea and curry. The dried ginger root powder has a different taste than fresh grass, but it is used mainly for medicinal purposes.

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Ginger It is a tropical plant that can be grown outdoors in USDA zones 10 and above. You can also grow it indoors in pots and tubs anywhere.

Make a soothing ginger tea with a piece of fresh ginger root to help with digestion. If you have motion sickness, take a piece with you and smell it on it or take small bites to keep nausea at bay. Pregnant women can use it to relieve morning sickness.

9. Fennel

Large fennel bulbs are used as vegetables, leaves thin as hairs like an herb and the plant itself produces aromatic fruits that can be used as spice. A few fennel groups in the garden can attract beneficial insects.

You can do much more with this useful plant. A tea of ​​fennel seeds can relieve gas and colic. It is an appetite suppressant that can help you lose weight.

10. Calendula

The calendula with its sunny yellow and orange flowers is a beautiful ornamental and useful plant that is combined into one. Its common name pot of calendula points to its culinary use as an herb herb.

Start your calendula seedlings indoors for spring planting. The flowers are edible and are a good complement for salads. They can add color and flavor to sauces and soups as well.

To treat minor cuts, wounds and insect bites, you can crush the petals of the flowers and apply them to the affected part. Reduces inflammation and promotes rapid healing. A tea made with fresh or dried flowers can alleviate eczema and psoriasis or can be used as a face wash to prevent acne scarring and scratching. Use it as a gargle to get rid of gum diseases and throat infections. Taken internally, it relieves menstrual problems in women.

11. black currant

The black currant bushes will give you lots of berries to make jams and jellies, but the leaves can also be used to treat various medical conditions. Blackcurrants are rich in gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an omega-6 fatty acid known to reduce inflammation.

Drink a tea made with black currant leaves to reduce. high blood pressure and relieve the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. After heavy workouts, tea helps relieve muscle fatigue and stiffness. It is also good for premenstrual syndrome. Use tea, or a paste from the leaves, topically to alleviate chronic skin problems, such as eczema.

12. Fig

In USDA zones 8 through 10, fig trees will grow unprotected in sunny locations and produce abundant crops in summer. In colder areas, you may need to grow it in a large pot and change it to a protected place in winter. Choose self-fertile fig varieties. Eat fresh fleshy fruit or use it in desserts, or dry it and store it. Figs act as a mild laxative and relieve stomach cramps and constipation.

Drink tea made with fig leaves regularly to control diabetes and high cholesterol. Use it topically to get relief from psoriasis and eczema. Try applying the milky discharge of the fig tree to the warts on the skin to get rid of them.

13. dandelion

We do not usually grow dandelions as vegetables, but nature seems to take care of that task. The young leaves are ideal for salads and cooking. The flowers can be coated or their petals added to the dishes. Receive a dose of vitamins A, B, C and D and calcium and potassium minerals.

To take advantage of the healing properties of this herb, use a tea of dandelion Roots, leaves or flowers for cleaning the liver. It acts as a mild diuretic and helps reduce hypertension and alleviate skin problems such as acne.

14. Celery

You may be using celery stalks from time to time as snacks or in soups and fried soups, but if you have a regular garden supply, use it to treat arthritis and gout. Celery is a good diuretic and has excellent anti-inflammatory properties.

Plant the celery on a fertile soil and ensure a good level of moisture to keep the stems tender and juicy. You can take celery tea to relieve anxiety and to improve. sleep.

15. Watercress

Watercress is very easy to grow indoors or outdoors and is rich in almost all vitamins and several essential minerals. The spicy flavor of fresh leaves is a great addition to soups and salads. If all the previous attributes of this ancient vegetable are not convincing enough, believe them for their medicinal value.

It is rich in protective substances against cancer, phenethyl isethiocyanate and sulforaphane. Eat watercress regularly for the health of your eyes and skin and to relieve arthritis.

These are just some of the many plants you can enjoy in the garden of your home while benefiting from your therapeutic treatment. properties.

Reference: https://www.naturallivingideas.com/15-food-cures-you-can-grow-at-home/, by Susan Patterson

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