Although the warm summer and spring months are the most popular and easy times of the year to grow, autumn frosts do not have to stop the harvest. It is possible to grow an abundant garden even in the coldest winter months if you follow these simple steps.
While those residing in states such as Florida and Louisiana are unlikely to share their concerns about frost, the majority of the country experiences difficult winters from time to time. Gardeners in less temperate states have often simply accepted their one-month growth season with resigned acceptance. However, this does not have to be the case. Many options can extend or extend the harvest indefinitely. With a little planning, patience and care, you're well on your way to dominating the winter garden … no matter where you live!
1. Calculate your agricultural area
Before taking any step to grow a Winter Garden, You must first find out the length that you must travel to keep your plants alive. If you have a garden, you should know the agricultural area of your state and the steps that temperature requires. The agricultural zone, or "resistance zone", covers a specific area based on climate in relation to the survival of plant life. For example, if you live in an area that is labeled "Zone 10", this means that you need to buy and grow plants that can withstand a minimum temperature of 30 to 39 degrees Fahrenheit. The lower the number on the resistance scale, the colder the area.
Familiarizing yourself intimately with the area you are in can be extremely useful in choosing which plants work best for your area. There is no reason to grow a garden with plants that are not suitable for your area, since they will die at the first sign of low temperatures. The United States Department of Agriculture provides assistance Map of resistance areas of plants that allows you to expand your state and locate your county.
2. Avoid planting the seed
As the seeds are more delicate and difficult to grow than the previously established plants, beginning them at the end of the summer growing season is usually a recipe for disaster. Buy mature plants that are able to withstand more severe winters and winds and can be sown directly into the fall soil. The beginning of the seed should be reserved for warm spring temperatures and indoor or greenhouse conditions.
3. Select cold-resistant plants
Obviously, it is better to select plants that are native to your area. This is especially important when it comes to keeping plants alive throughout the winter. You will not want to plant a tropical fern in Maine or Minnesota, where temperatures will surely drop below freezing. Take some time to learn about the various labels on the packages of seeds and plants. For winter gardening, you'll want to look for plants that have the designations "cold-resistant" or "frost-tolerant."
Plants that do particularly well in winter include:
Blue spruce (zones 2-7) Boxwood Wintergreen (zones 4-9) Mint (zones 3-7) Thoughts (zone 7) Winterberries (zone 2)
When growing edible fruits and vegetables, you are unlikely to find any that are strong enough to survive cold temperatures without additional protection. However, some vegetables such as spinach, chickweed, cilantro and Austrian winter peas are more likely to survive during the year when they are planted properly. These vegetables will live and will produce well in the winter in zones 6-10, although they can also flourish in other regions when they are given a little extra care.
4. Strategically plant
It really matters where you plant your garden. Gardens located on the south side of buildings or against fences that serve as windbreaks are often the most successful for tender crops. This solution can also encourage you to plant new beds and fully utilize the space in your garden.
5. Cover the plants with straw before frost
Taking a few extra moments to cover each of your plants with a thick layer of straw, mulch or a burlap bag placed on the ground can add a few months to the winter season. Although this method is unlikely to keep live plants in strong and persistent freezes, it is beneficial when a simple frost is forecast. You can implement this protective layer in late fall or before the first expected freeze date. However, plan another option if you anticipate lower temperatures, since it is a purely temporary option.
The same concept can be implemented allowing weeds to grow in your garden at the end of the warm season. Although this seems counterintuitive, high weeds can provide adequate shelter from bitter winds and freezing temperatures.
6. Know when to pull the plug
If you can not or do not want to bring any external technology that protects the plants from freezing, you will have to know when to stop using and harvest all your products before they are damaged and are not edible. When you notice evidence of freezing on the leaves of your plants until well into the morning, it is time to act. Bring in your harvest and store your products correctly to enjoy The tomatoes should be wrapped in newspaper and carefully stacked in boxes in a cool, dark room, like a basement. You can also steam and free radishes and carrots without sacrificing flavor.
7. Consider the raised beds
The raised beds allow you to control the soil moisture more carefully and prevent the roots from rotting due to excessive irrigation. As the weather cools, there is usually more water present in the soil, so you should take precautions against this. Raised beds They can also be converted into fast cold frames and are easy to build.
8. plant in cold frames
If you are interested in winter gardening, invest in an efficient cold frame. You can Do your thing or Buy one Quite cheap This is an excellent alternative to a complete greenhouse, as it essentially serves the same purpose and can prolong the longevity of your crops months after the first frost date. As it has no bottom, this structure can be installed directly in your existing garden on plants that are already growing. Glass or plastic protects delicate crops from cold temperatures and intense wind, while harnessing the sun's energy to heat the interior of the cold frame.
This method can not only be used to lengthen the growing season during the fall and winter, but it is also an effective way to start spring planting. For cold winters, you can go the extra mile and add a string of Christmas lights to the edges of your newly constructed cold frame. Simply staple them inside the box. By using the marginal heat provided by the lights, the internal temperature of the mini greenhouse will increase by approximately 10 degrees. Try to keep a thermometer inside your greenhouse to control the heat. You should try to keep the temperature around 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
9. Use miniature hoop houses
The hoop houses, also known as low tunnels, caterpillar tunnels or fast hoops, are an easy and affordable alternative to cold frames and are much more temporary. You can buy one here. The PVC pipe is folded over its crops in an arc and covered with transparent plastic sheets to allow the sun's rays to penetrate the tunnels. Many plans also recommend the use of metal pipes that are then placed on the floor for safety. This option is ideal for those who want to grow a larger garden area or grow taller vegetables that would not fit in a cold frame. The low tunnels can be easily knocked down once the temperature heats up, but they are tough enough to withstand even the harshest winters.
10. Establish a greenhouse
Gardeners in particularly arctic climates, far north of the equator, must take more extreme measures to ensure the success of planting in winter. That does not mean that it is impossible, however; Life can prosper when given the right conditions. Consistent temperatures below zero often require nothing less than a heated greenhouse. Although this option is expensive, a emerging greenhouse like thisIt is sure that it will serve your needs well and provide you with fresh products throughout the winter. For unusually cold nights, you will want to bring a small space heater to ensure that the greenhouse is maintained at an optimum temperature (between 45 and 55 degrees Fahrenheit).
11. Install an indoor lighting system
Not only an interior lighting system allows you start seeds and prepare them for soil transplant, but you also have total control of soil content, moisture levels and exposure to light and can effectively guarantee an abundant crop. In addition, if you have the additional space to install this indoors, you will receive a cleaner and fresher air and all the other benefits provided by indoor plants. You can even start to harvest from your buds once they have matured slightly. This is a particularly good option for lettuce, herbs and other delicate leafy vegetables.
The days have ended when you looked with nostalgia at the tools of your garden throughout the cold and cold winter. Take charge of your garden and stop seeing frigid temperatures as enemies! Implement these steps today to ensure an abundant garden, throughout the year.
Reference: https://www.naturallivingideas.com/abundant-winter-garden/, by Susan Patterson
You May Also Like:
- 11 ways to have an abundant winter garden no matter what calum
- 11 ways to make old things look new
- 11 ways to cook an egg